U.S. Military Services

Marine Corps


Furnas, Wendell J. [CAPT/USN (Ret.) "From JICPOA to Guam: Hitchhiking with the Marines." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly 13, no. 1 (Jan. 1997): 1-3.

Furnas was a Navy Japanese Language Officer who landed with Third Marine Division on Guam in June 1944. The mission was to interrogate prisoners and translate documents; collect high priority documents, equipment, and prisoners for immediate dispatch back to JICPOA and FRUPAK; and ship back other captured documents and equipment of longer-term interest.

Mullahey, Thomas F., Jr. "Counter-Intelligence." Marine Corps Gazette, Oct. 1945, 36-38. []

Weadon, Patrick D. Origins of the Navajo Code Talkers: Cryptologic Brilliance, Linguistic Expertise, Dedication To Duty. Ft. George G. Meade, MD: National Security Agency, Center for Cryptologic History, 2002. []

This work outlines the persistence of 50s-something Philip Johnston and the success his vision met with the integration of the Navajo Code Talkers into the Marines' battlefield communications system.

Click for more on the Navajo Code Talkers.

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