U.S. Military Services

U.S. Army Air Force

N - Z

Overy, R.J. The Air War, 1939-1945. Braircliff Manor, NY: Stein & Day, 1981.

Petersen: "Heavy emphasis on intelligence."

Parnell, Ben. Carpetbaggers -- America's Secret War in Europe: A Story of the World War II Carpetbaggers 801st/492nd Bombardment Group (H) U.S. Army, Eighth Air Force. Rev. ed. Austin, TX: Eakin, 1993.

From publisher: This is the "story of a highly secret venture carried out by the OSS and the Eighth Air Force which assisted friendly underground groups by flying thousands of tons of arms and supplies as well as agents behind enemy lines." Knouse,, views this as "the definitive book on the operation," and advises buying the revised edition.

Putney, Diane T., ed. Ultra and the Army Air Forces in World War II: An Interview with Associate Justice of the Supreme Court Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1987.

According to Sexton, Powell served as Ultra liaison officer with the U.S. Strategic Air Forces in Europe. Here, he gives "valuable insights into the use made of ULTRA in target selection and Anglo American intelligence cooperation." Bates, NIPQ 13.3, notes that the interview "is heavily footnoted. Each time he mentions an individual a footnote provides a short biography. When he mentions an operation, battle or event, it is described in a footnote. These additions make the main text all the more meaningful." See also, Jeffries, Justice Lewis F. Powell, Jr.: A Biography (1994).

Reese, John R. "A Case Study in Operational Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 11, no. 1 (Spring 1998): 73-92.

The author looks at the estimates done at U.S. Strategic Air Forces in Europe (USSTAF) relative to the Germans' ability to bring on line and utilize jet aircraft, specifically the Me 262, to counter Allied air superiority. He concludes: "While the results remain open to question, rarely have intelligence analysis and targeting doctrine been so neatly applied as in the case of the Me 262."

Smith, David M. "The Use of Decrypted German Weather Reports in the Operations of the Fifteenth Air Force Over Europe." Cryptologia 23, no. 4 (Oct. 1999): 298-304.

From abstract: "German weather reports were decrypted swiftly enough to enable 15th Air Force meteorologists to use them, together with reports from Allied and neutral sources, to predict the rare times of the perfectly clear weather required to bomb targets visually in Central Europe."

Smith, Myron J., Jr. Air War Bibliography 1939-1945: English Language Sources. 5 vols. Manhattan, KS: USAF Historical Foundation, Military Affairs/Aerospace Historian Publishing, 1977-1982.

Vol. 1: General Works and European & Mediterranean Theaters of Operation; Vol. 2: Pacific Theater; Airpower, Strategy & Tactics; Escape, Evasion, Partisan and POW Experiences; Vol. 3: Multi-Theater Studies; and the Air Forces; Vol. 4: The Aircraft; Vol. 5: Aerial Support.

Staerck, Christopher, and Paul Sinnott. Luftwaffe: The Allied Intelligence Files. Dulles, VA: Brassey's, 2002.

Tate, Air & Space Power Journal 19.1 (Spring 2005), finds that "the authors have produced a fine historical document. They include both background information and ... detailed data" on various German aircraft. Their "analysis addresses [each] aircraft's war record, performance characteristics, and intelligence history -- the latter reflecting the amount of actual information we had on German aircraft during the war."

Stanley, Roy M., II [COL/USAF].

1. To Fool a Glass Eye: Camouflage Versus Photoreconnaissance in World War II. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1998.

According to Seamon, Proceedings 124.12 (Dec. 1998), this "handsome collection" consists of "more than 350 U.S., British, and German aerial photographs taken during World War II, along with clear, concise descriptions of what the pictures uncovered."

Van Nederveen, 31 Oct. 2000, at, says

that this book provides "interesting examples" that give "an overview of camouflage, concealment, and deception techniques. The book explores the value of effective photo-intelligence techniques and demonstrates it with striking examples. It also shows how practical photo-intelligence techniques allow a detailed understanding of the enemy.... To Fool a Glass Eye is a must for World War II history buffs and intelligence personnel."

2. World War II Photo Intelligence. New York: Scribner's, 1981.

Pforzheimer: "This book is ... copiously illustrated with over five hundred photographs appropriate to the text. While essentially a 'coffee table' book, it has merit for the historically minded professional intelligence officer."

U.S. War Department. Army Air Forces. Ultra and the History of the United States Strategic Air Force in Europe versus the German Air Force. Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1980.

See William W. Haines, Ultra and the History of U.S. Strategic Air Force in Europe vs. German Air Force (Westport CT: Greenwood, 1980. Frederick, MD: University Press of America, 1986). Nautical Brass Bibliography says that this book explains "[h]ow Enigma messages reporting on German shortages of manpower and equipment were taken advantage of by the U.S. Air Force."

Warren, Harris G. Special Operations: AAF Aid to European Resistance Movements, 1943-1945. Washington, DC: Air Force Historical Office, HQ Army Air Force, 1947. Washington, DC: Military Affairs, 1947. [pb]

Knouse,, comments that this work is "[h]eavy on supply of the Partisans in the Mediterranean Theater and [has] a good deal of information relating to the 406th Night Leaflet Squadron, which operated out of Cheddington and on Detached Service at Harrington."

Weaver, Michael E. "International Cooperation and Bureaucratic In-fighting: American and British Economic Sharing and the Strategic Bombing of Germany, 1939-41." Intelligence and National Security 23, no. 2 (Apr. 2008): 153-175.

The U.S. Army Air Corps "clashed with the Army over access to economic data. Its need for economic intelligence merged with its political goal of making strategic bombing its primary mission."

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