Reference Materials

Included here:

1. Historiographies and Reviews

2. Research Aids

3. Print Source Materials

4. Electronic Source Materials

1. Historiographies and Reviews

Baldwin, Mark. "Wartime Codebreaking." Book & Magazine Collector, Jul. 1997, 28-39.

According to Kruh, Cryptologia 22.2, the author "provides a lively review of British books on World War II ... codebreaking, especially the work on Enigma ciphers at Bletchley Park."

Bennett, Ralph. "World War II Intelligence: The Last 10 Years' Work Reviewed." Defense Analysis 3, no. 2 (Jun. 1987): 103-117.

Bjorge, Gary J. Deception Operations. Combat Studies Institute Historical Bibliography No. 5. Ft. Leavenworth, KS: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1986.

Sexton calls this brief paper (12 pages) an "excellent bibliographic introduction to the literature on deception."

Blumenson, Martin. "Intelligence and World War II: Will 'Ultra' Rewrite History?" Army 28 (Aug. 1978): 42-48.

Bundy, William P. "From the Depths to the Heights." Cryptologia 6, no. 1 (Jan. 1982): 65-74.

Bundy commanded the U.S. Signal Corps contingent at Bletchley Park.

Petersen: "Review of several important books on Ultra."

Buruma, Ian. "Ghosts of Pearl Harbor." New York Review of Books, 19 Dec. 1991, 9-10.

Sexton notes that this article reviews five books on the antecedents of the Pacific War. The reviews include Rusbridger and Nave's Betrayal at Pearl Harbor. The author's "limited knowledge of MAGIC and Anglo-American Intelligence undermines his critique."

Carlson, J.R. "Undercover Guide to the War." Saturday Review of Literature 28 (25 Aug. 1945): 13. [Petersen]

Cochran, Alexander S., Jr. "'Magic,' 'Ultra,' and the Second World War: Literature, Sources, and Outlook." Military Affairs 46, no. 2 (Apr. 1982): 88-92.

Dunnigan, James F., and Albert A. Nofi. Dirty Little Secrets of World War II: Military Information No One Told You about the Greatest, Most Terrible War in History. New York: Morrow, 1994.

Tate, Air & Space Power Journal (n.d.), says that this is "incredibly light, albeit interesting and informative, reading on World War II." However, "the items presented are not secrets at all but [simply] little-known facts."

Lee, Loyd E., ed. World War II in Europe, Africa, and the Americas, with General Sources: A Handbook of Literature and Research. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1997.

Kruh, Cryptologia 22.1, notes that in this "extensive reference work ... authorities in the main areas of scholarly and popular interest" in the history of World War II discuss "the best and most enduring literature related to the [war's] major topics and themes." Part IV is entitled "The War Between the Lines," and includes chapters on "Intelligence: Code Breaking, Espionage, Deception, and Special Operations" and "Resistance Movements in Europe." The individual chapters "describe the state of knowledge" for each topic, "point out needed areas of research," and "provide a select bibliography."

Murray, Williamson. "Ultra: Some Thoughts on Its Impact on the Second World War." Air University Review 35 (Jul.-Aug. 1984): 52-64. [ RefBibs/intell/ww2/ultra.htm]

Spiller, Roger J. "Assessing Ultra." Military Review 59 (Aug. 1979): 13-23. "Cautionary note about Ultra's role" in operations and revising WWII history.

Syrett, David. "The Secret War and the Historians." Armed Forces and Society 9 (Winter 1983): 293-328.

2. Research Aids

Cochran, Alexander S., Jr. The Magic Diplomatic Summaries: A Chronological Finding Aid. New York: Garland, 1983.

Sexton notes that this work indexes more than 1,300 Magic documents, and present a brief summary of each.

Drea, Edward J. "Ultra and the American War against Japan: A Note on Sources." Intelligence and National Security 3, no. 1 (Jan. 1988): 195-204.

The sources here are primarily the various Sigint documents of Record Group 457 in the National Archives. Sexton calls this article a "valuable introduction to a key document collection."

3. Print Source Materials

Mendelsohn, John, ed. Covert Warfare: Intelligence, Counter-intelligence and Military Deception During the World War II Era. 18 vols. New York: Garland, 1989.

This multivolume work consists of photo reproductions of documents from the National Archives.

Vol. 1: ULTRA, MAGIC and the Allies. Intro., Timothy Mulligan.

Sexton terms this an "invaluable collection."

Vol. 2: The Spy Factory and Secret Intelligence. Intro., Bradley F. Smith.

Vol. 3: OSS Jedburgh Teams, 1. Intro., Bradley F. Smith.

Vol. 4: OSS Jedburgh Teams, 2. Intro., Bradley F. Smith.

Vol. 5: Other OSS Teams. Intro., Bradley F. Smith.

Vol. 6: German Radio Intelligence and the Soldatsender. Intro., John Mendelsohn.

According to Sexton, this volume "includes the War Diary of the Morale Operations Branch of the OSS in London, which describes OSS black propaganda operations aimed at German forces."

Vol. 7: The Case of Richard Sorge. Intro., Bryan T. Van Sweringen.

From This volume "covers: 1. The Sorge Spy Ring: A Case study in International Espionage in the Far East. 2. An Authenticated Translation of Sorge's Own Story. 3. Extracts from an Authenticated Translation of the Foreign Affairs Yearbook, Criminal Affairs Bureau, Tokyo. 4. Extracts from the "Sorge Spy Ring Case". 5. Exhibit No.26 (The Relationship between Agnes Smedley and the Sorge Ring)."

Vol. 8: The OSS-NKVD Relationship, 1943-1945. Intro., J. Dane Hartgrove.

From "From December, 1943 until September, 1945, the forerunners of the CIA and the KGB maintained a tenuous contact through Major General John R. Deane's US Military Mission in Moscow. The book is packed with facsimilie documents including letters, cables and memoranda, many top secret, exchanged between the major participants."

Vol. 9: Scientific and Technical Intelligence Gathering. Intro., George C. Chalou.

Vol. 10: Covert War in Latin America. Intro., Sally McCarthy Marks.

Vol. 11: The History of the Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC). Intro., John Mendelsohn.

Vol. 12: The Counter Intelligence Corps in Action. Intro., George C. Chalou.

From This volume "covers: 1. History of the Counter Intelligence Corps. 2/3.The CIC in North Africa. 4. The CIC in Italy. 5. The CIC in the Middle East. 6/7.The CIC in Europe. 8/9.The CIC in India. 10. SHAEF CIC Directive for Operation Overlord."

Vol. 13: The Final Solution of the Abwehr. Intro., David Kahn.

From This volume "includes excerpts from the interrogation reports of numerous Abwehr personnel including Walter Schellenberg, Chief of Amt VI RHSA."

Vol. 14: A Man Called A.H. Intro., Robert Wolfe

From This volume "includes documents on the investigation into Adolf Hitler's rumoured survival, reports from Hitler's doctors on his personality, interogations of persons in the Fuehrer Bunker and into the whereabouts of Hitler's and Eva Braun's remains, and a CIC report on the so-called 'Kaltenbrunner Report' of the SS investigation into the July Plot -- the attempted assassination of Hitler."

Vol. 15: Basic Deception and the Normandy Invasion. Intro., Harold C. Deutsch

Vol. 16: From Normandy into the Reich. Intro., Edwin R. Coffee

Vol. 17: The German View of Cover and Deception. Intro., John Mendelsohn.

Vol. 18: Cover and Deception by the Royal Air Force in World War II. Intro., Robin E. Cookson.

4. Electronic Source Materials

Records of the Office of Strategic Services (Record Group 226) at

This is an on-line guide to the National Archive's holdings on the OSS.

"WWII Resources" at

This site is the single best place to begin an electronic search for World War II-related materials. The site's description is accurate: "Primary source materials on the Web. Original documents regarding all aspects of the war."

Materials available include

1. The "Color Books": "French [Yellow] and British [Blue] collections of documents regarding the diplomatic prelude to WWII."

2. The Pearl Harbor attack hearings (and other material relating to Pearl Harbor).

3. Studies on the use of "Ultra"-supplied military intelligence.

The site also provides a link to the "World War Two Web Site Consortium."

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