Psychological Warfare & Propaganda

N - Z


New Republic. Editors. "Struggle in the OWI." 26 Apr. 1943, 551-552. [Winkler]

Newsweek. Editors. [Winkler]

1. "Beamed to Europe: OWI's Propaganda Paves the Way for Military Advances." 27 Sep. 1943, 73-74.

2. "Congress Blast against OWI Portends Assault on New Seal." 22 Feb. 1943, 25-26, 29.

3. "Davis the Gadfly." 28 Jun. 1943, 84, 86.

4. "Once More, Where's Elmer." 7 Feb. 1944, 53-54.

5. "Out of Office." 27 Aug. 1945, 78-80.

6. "OWI's New Victory." 2 Nov. 1942, 81-82.

7. "'We Could Lose This War' -- A Communique from the OWI." 17 Aug. 1942, 30.

Owen, David. Battle of Wits: A History of Psychology and Deception in Modern Warfare. London: Leo Cooper, 1978.

To Constantinides, Owen does a better job covering deception than he does covering psychological factors. The book is primarily from the British standpoint. There are neither references nor a bibliography.

Painton, Frederick C. "Fighting with 'Confetti.'" Reader's Digest, Dec. 1943, 99-101. [Winkler]

Pringle, Henry F. The 'Baloney Barrage' Pays Off." Saturday Evening Post, 31 Mar. 1945, 18-19, 78-80. [Winkler]

Psychological Warfare Branch (PWB). Functions of the 5th Army Combat Propaganda Team. U.S. Army, HQ 5th Army, PWB, 1944 []

Publisher's Weekly. "Publishers, Writers Quit OWI." 17 Apr. 1943, 1576. [Winkler]

Rhodes, Anthony. Propaganda: The Art of Persuasion: World War II. New York: Chelsea House, 1976. Edison, NJ: Wellfleet, 1987. Madison, WI: Magna, 1993.

From publisher: "This book presents ... a visual compendium of all forms of propaganda used by the Allied and Axis powers in World War II and in the period that led to its outbreak. Here are ... all the artifacts of the art of persuasion, more than 500 photographs, over 270 in full color, culled from government archives and private collections in the United States and abroad."

Rolo, Charles J. Radio Goes to War: The "Fourth Front." London: Faber & Faber, 1943.

Wilcox: "Study of national and international radio propaganda broadcasting" during World War II.

Seth, Ronald. The Truth-Benders: Psychological Warfare in the Second World War. London: Frewin, 1969. [Wilcox]

Shulman, Holly Cowan. The Voice of America: Propaganda and Democracy, 1941-1945. Madison, WI: Wisconsin University Press, 1990.

Hyland (Summer 1991) calls this "[a]n excellent account of how commercial broadcasting and advertising techniques were applied to American radio transmissions to Germany and France, and a valuable contribution to the early history of an important aspect of foreign policy. Shulman captures the personalities, creative improvisation and democratic convictions of the time."

Soderbergh, Peter A. "The Grand Illusion: Hollywood and World War II, 1930-1945." University of Dayton Review (1968-1969): 13-21. [Winkler]

Soley, Lawrence C. Radio Warfare: OSS and CIA Subversive Propaganda. New York: Praeger, 1989.

Taylor, I&NS 8.4, calls Radio Warfare an "invaluable book about the origins of ... psychological operations.... [It is] well-researched."

Steele, Richard W. "Preparing the Public for War: Efforts to Establish a National Propaganda Agency, 1940-1941." American Historical Review 75 (1970): 1640-1653. [Winkler]

Stone, I.F. "Bureaucrat Bites Dust." The Nation, 3 Jul. 1943, 6-8. [Winkler]

Thomson, Charles A.H. Overseas Information Service of the United States Government. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1948. New York: Arno Press, 1972.

Woolbert, FA (July 1949): "A thoroughly well-informed and annotated summary of the wartime operations of the O.W.I., the Coördinator of Inter-American Affairs and other similar agencies, as well as of the State Department since the end of the war."

Time. Editors. [Winkler]

1. "Operation Annie." 25 Feb. 1946, 78-80.

See also, H.H. Burger, "Episode on the Western Front:...," New York Times Magazine, 26 Nov. 1944, 5, 52; "Operation Annie...," New York Times Magazine, 17 Feb. 1946, 12-13, 48, 50; and Brewster Morgan, "Operation Annie." Saturday Evening Post, 9 Mar. 1946, 18-19, 37-41.

2. "OWI's ABSIE." 16 Jul. 1945, 69.

3. "Tongue-tied." 7 Feb. 1944, 11-12.

4. "Truth and Trouble." 15 Mar. 1943, 13-15.

5. "U.S. Propaganda." 12 Oct. 1942, 44, 46.

U.S. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations. Subcommittee on Foreign Operations and Government Information. "Exhibit III." Hearings, Government Information Plans and Policies, Part II. 88th Cong., 1st sess., 1963. Washington, DC: GPO, 1963.

This is a report to the President by Elmer Davis on the work of OWI. According to Winkler, "Bibliographic Essay," The Politics of Propaganda (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1978), 200-201, "Davis discusses the numerous activities of his organization at home and abroad."

Wanger, Walter. "OWI and Motion Pictures." Public Opinion Quarterly 7 (1943): 100-110. [Winkler]

Weinberg, Sydney. "What to Tell America: The Writers' Quarrel in the Office of War Information." Journal of American History 55, no. 1 (Jun. 1968): 73-89.

Williams, Josette H. "The Information War in the Pacific, 1945." Studies in Intelligence 46, no. 3 (2002): 55-65.

The author, whose father served on Saipan with OWI, details the OWI's efforts through broadcasts and pamphlet drops to inform the Japanese people, first, that they were losing the war and, at the end, that the war was over. In fact, OWI's radio station KSAI and a pamphlet drop "preceded by about 72 hours, the receipt of the [Allies'] official diplomatic reply [to the Japanese acceptance of the Potsdam offer with the stipulation that the Emperor be retained] sent through Switzerland."

Winkler, Allan M. The Politics of Propaganda: The Office of War Information, 1942-1945. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1978.

Clark comment: The author's "Bibliographic Essay" and "Bibliography" are excellent starting points for learning more about OWI. The listing of "Unpublished Materials" is particularly useful. Kisatsky, I&NS 14.3, 181/fn.35, comments that Winkler "gives a good general treatment of the Office of War Information's wartime activities."

Zacharias, Ellis M. "Eighteen Words That Bagged Japan." Saturday Evening Post. 17 Nov. 1945, 17, 117-120. [Winkler]

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