World War II

Other Countries

Included here:

1. European Resistance

2. Far East & Pacific Area

1. European Resistance

Gardiner, Muriel. Code Name "Mary." New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1983. 1987. [pb]

From Publishers Weekly (via Amazon.com): "Born into a wealthy Chicago meat-packing family, Gardiner, a psychoanalyst and educator, here focuses on her years in Vienna after the Nazi Anschluss, when she aided Jews and others." Clark comment: There is some debate whether Gardiner, rather than Lillian Hellman, was the basis for "Julia" in Pentimento. See Lauren Black and Paul Mickle, "1977: Who Was the Real Heroine?" at http://www.capitalcentury.com/1977.html. See also, Isenberg, Muriel's War (2010); and Stephen Spender, "Was She Julia?" London Review of Books 5.12 (7 Jul. 1983).

Isenberg, Sheila. Muriel's War: An American Heiress in the Nazi Resistance. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

From publisher: American heiress Muriel Gardiner's "adventurous life led her from Chicago's high society to a Viennese medical school, from Sigmund Freud's inner circle to the Austrian underground. Over the years, she saved countless Jews and anti-fascists, providing shelter and documents ensuring their escape. This remarkable woman's life as a legend of the Austrian Resistance was captured in the movie Julia with Vanessa Redgrave."

Blank, http://www.jewishbookcouncil.org (undated), comments that Gardiner "may have been the woman, as Isenberg claims -- as had others before her, including writer Mary McCarthy -- who inspired the title character in the film 'Julia,' even though playwright Lillian Hellman denied it." Unfortunately, in this work, "Gardiner doesn't come to life as vividly as the many men the beautiful Gardiner had affairs with."

McDevitt, Bette. "Teenage Resistance Heroine Tiny Mulder." World War II (Nov. 2003). [http://www.historynet.com/wwii/bltinymulder/]

"Young Tiny Mulder used her language skills, wits and a large dose of courage to keep Allied airmen shot down over Holland out of German hands."

Sutherland, Christine. Monica: Heroine of the Danish Resistance. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1990.

Von Meding, Dorothee. Tr., Michael Balfour. Courageous Hearts: Women and the Anti-Hitler Plot of 1944. Oxford and Providence, RI: Berghahn, 1997.

According to Flynn, History 26.2, the author "presents the life stories of eleven women who were the wives or friends" of conspirators in the 20 July Hitler assassination plot. The book is based on the women's memories as recorded in television interviews.

2. Far East & Pacific Area

Howe, Russell Warren. The Hunt for "Tokyo Rose." Lanham, MD: Madison Books, 1990.

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