Materials presented chronologically.
Hibbs, Jon. "Rules on Recruiting Spies Are Relaxed." Telegraph (London), 6 Feb. 1998. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]
Foreign Secretary Robin Cook announced on 5 February 1998 that "employment rules for spies" have been eased "to enable people with only one British parent to join the intelligence services.... It is understood that the move followed pressure from staff at GCHQ,... and follows the restoration of trade union rights at the listening post. However, Mr Cook made clear that the concession would also apply to applicants for MI5, the Security Service, as well as MI6, the Secret Intelligence Service. Potential employees would still be required to hold a British passport."
Walmsley, David. "MI5 Traitor Freed after 14 Years." Telegraph (London), 13 May 1998. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]
Michael Bettaney, a "former MI5 agent jailed for trying to sell secrets to the Russians," was released from prison on 5 May 1998 after serving 14 years of a 23-year sentence.
Johnston, Philip, and Caroline Davies. "Freed MI5 Traitor Prevented from Writing Memoirs." Telegraph (London), 14 May 1998. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]
"Michael Bettaney ... will be prevented from writing a book about his time in the security service. Sources ... made clear that he remained subject to the Official Secrets Act and liable to further prosecution if he divulges sensitive intelligence gleaned during his time in MI5.... [W]hile Bettaney has no knowledge of current MI5 operations, there is concern that as a serving officer for nearly eight years he still possesses inside knowledge about individual agents and subjects. He served in Northern Ireland and in the section dealing with Soviet counter-intelligence."
Johnston, Philip. "MI5 Booklet Aims to Kill off Secret Service 'Myths.'" Telegraph (London), 30 Jul. 1998. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]
On 29 July 1998, MI5 published a booklet "defining the functions of the Security Service in the greatest detail since it emerged from the shadows in the early 1990s."
Robertson, Kenneth G. "Recent Reform of Intelligence in the UK: Democratization or Risk Management?" Intelligence and National Security 13, no. 2 (Summer 1998): 144-158.
The author answers the question posed in his title thusly: "The recent flurry of intelligence legislation in the UK ... is more a process of risk management than democratization."
C.A.R. "Britain's Rapid Military Action Rides Information Technology." Signal, Sep. 1998, 22-26.
The UK's "Ministry of Defense pilot joint operations command system, or PJOCS, from EDS Defence harnesses commercial technology to provide a flexible command, control and intelligence capability."
Knightley, Phillip. "The Cloak of Journalism Has 'Suited' Many Spies: Sunday Telegraph Editor Named an 'Asset' of Secret Intelligence Service in U.K." Toronto Star, 26 Dec. 1998. [http://www.thestar.com]
"Dominic Lawson, son of the former British chancellor Nigel Lawson, one-time editor of The Spectator and now editor of Conrad Black's Sunday Telegraph, was named an 'asset' of the British Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) this month by Labour MP Brian Sedgemore. Sedgemore, under the protection of parliamentary privilege, was quoting the dissident former SIS officer Richard Tomlinson. Lawson and the British Foreign Office both denied the allegation."
Return to UK Post-Cold War Table of Contents