Materials presented chronologically.

Pincus, Walter. "Counterterrorism Policies in Conflict, Report Says." Washington Post, 28 Mar. 2005, A7. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to a report released by the Congressional Research Service (CRS), President Bush's executive order of August 2004 "that established the new National Counterterrorism Center [NCTC] and the intelligence reform legislation that he signed in December [2004] have created conflicts in counterterrorism policy that need to be resolved.... In what the report calls a 'possibly stark contradiction,' the law specifies that the NCTC director is to report directly to Bush on 'planning and progress of joint counterterrorism operations,' and to the director of national intelligence [DNI] on budgetary and other issues."

Scheuer, Michael. "Inside Out." Atlantic 295, no. 3 (Apr. 2005): 30.

"Career advancement in al-Qaeda tends to wash away much of the mercenary hypocrisy found at the entry level.... The odds of our ever having an informant among the senior al-Qaeda decision-makers are remote."

Priest, Dana. "Surveillance Operation in Pakistan Located and Killed Al Qaeda Official." Washington Post, 15 May 2005, A25. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to a U.S. official and two counterterrorism experts on 14 May 2005, Haitham al-Yemeni, the al Qaeda figure killed last week by a missile from a CIA-operated Predator drone, "had been under surveillance for more than a week by U.S. intelligence and military personnel working along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border."

Shane, Scott, Stephen Grey, and Margot Williams. "C.I.A. Expanding Terror Battle Under Guise of Charter Flights." New York Times, 31 May 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Aero Contractors Ltd., based at Johnston County Airport outside Smithfield, NC, is "a major domestic hub" of the CIA's "secret air service." According to former employees, the company, founded in 1979, "appears to be controlled by the agency.... Behind a ... thin cover of rural hideaways, front companies and shell corporations that share officers who appear to exist only on paper, the C.I.A. has rapidly expanded its air operations since 2001 as it has pursued and questioned terrorism suspects around the world." The flagship of the CIA's air fleet "is the Boeing Business Jet, based on the 737 model, which Aero flies from Kinston, N.C., because the runway at Johnston County is too short for it."

According to "public editor" Byron Calame, "The Thinking Behind a Close Look at a C.I.A. Operation," New York Times, 19 Jun. 2005, "[a] striking number of readers have denounced The New York Times for describing the Central Intelligence Agency's covert air operations for transporting suspected terrorists." Calame then discusses the paper's "process for handling covert intelligence stories." He concludes: "I think the worst fears of the Times readers ... should be eased by the assurance that the C.I.A. had ample opportunity to challenge the publication and didn't do so."

Priest, Dana. "Help from France Key in Covert Operations: Paris's 'Alliance Base' Targets Terrorists." Washington Post, 3 Jul. 2005, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to U.S. and European intelligence sources, the CIA and French intelligence services established "a top secret center in Paris, code-named Alliance Base," in 2002. "Funded largely by the CIA's Counterterrorist Center, Alliance Base analyzes the transnational movement of terrorist suspects and develops operations to catch or spy on them." Alliance Base is "headed by a French general assigned to ... the General Directorate for External Security (DGSE).... It has case officers from Britain, France, Germany, Canada, Australia and the United States."

Coll, Steve, and Susan B. Glasser. "Attacks Bear Earmarks of Evolving Al Qaeda: Targets, Timing Both Familiar." Washington Post, 8 Jul. 2005, A1. [http://ww.washingtonpost.com]

"After Sept. 11, 2001, the world learned that counterterrorism specialists had seen that kind of attack coming, they just did not know when and where it would take place. In a similar sense, they saw [the 7 July 2005] London bombings coming, too; they have been warning of such a strike on European soil for much of this year. It took only a few hours for British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw to conclude that the assault bore the 'hallmarks of an al Qaeda-related attack.' And while investigators were still sifting through the evidence, the available facts ... conformed almost precisely to the methods of what specialists describe as an evolving al Qaeda movement."

Robinson, Linda. "Plan of Attack." U.S. News & World Report, 1 Aug. 2005, 26-34.

The article reports the creation of the "National Military Strategic Plan for the War on Terrorism," signed on 3 March 2005 by Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Myers. The document is described as "a comprehensive new plan for the war on terrorism." The article includes two sidebars: L.R., "A Few Real Good Friends," p. 31, discussing U.S. counterterrorism allies; and Linda Robinson, with graphic by Rod Little and Stephen Rountree, "Rooting Out Terror," pp. 32-33, detailing "some of the principal [joint and multinational] military exercises that the Depertment of Defense is sponsoring in 2005."

Glasser, Susan B., and Peter Baker. "An Outsider's Quick Rise to Bush Terror Adviser." Washington Post, 27 Aug. 2005, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Frances Fragos Townsend "runs President Bush's far-flung campaign against terrorism. Her two predecessors were four-star generals who brought decades of experience to the fight. Townsend, 43, a former mob prosecutor, has a different credential -- the president's ear."

Priest, Dana. "Foreign Network at Front of CIA's Terror Fight: Joint Facilities in Two Dozen Countries Account for Bulk of Agency's Post-9/11 Successes." Washington Post, 18 Nov. 2005, A1.

According to current and former U.S. and foreign intelligence officials, the CIA has established joint Counterterrorist Intelligence Centers (CTICs) "in more than two dozen countries." At the CTICs, "U.S. and foreign intelligence officers work side by side to track and capture suspected terrorists and to destroy or penetrate their networks.... The network of centers reflects what has become the CIA's central and most successful strategy in combating terrorism abroad: persuading and empowering foreign security services to help. Virtually every capture or killing of a suspected terrorist outside Iraq since the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks -- more than 3,000 in all -- was a result of foreign intelligence services' work alongside the agency, the CIA deputy director of operations told a congressional committee in a closed-door session earlier this year."

Priest, Dana. "Wrongful Imprisonment: Anatomy of a CIA Mistake: German Citizen Released After Months in 'Rendition.'" Washington Post, 4 Dec. 2005, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

The case of German-citizen Khaled Masri "offers a rare study of how pressure on the CIA to apprehend al Qaeda members after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks has led in some instances to detention based on thin or speculative evidence."

Risen, James, and Eric Lichtblau. "Bush Lets U.S. Spy on Callers Without Courts." New York Times, 16 Dec. 2005, 1, 22.

According to government officials, President Bush signed a presidential order in 2002 that authorizes NSA "to eavesdrop on Americans and others inside the United States to search for evidence of terrorist activity without the court-approved warrants ordinarily required for domestic spying.... [S]ome officials familiar with the continuing operation have questioned whether the surveillance has stretched, if not crossed, constitutional limits on legal searches."

Lichtblau, Eric, and James Risen. "Spy Agency Mined Vast Data Trove, Officials Report." New York Times, 24 Dec. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to current and former government officials, NSA "has traced and analyzed large volumes of telephone and Internet communications flowing into and out of the United States" as part of the eavesdropping program approved by President Bush. The officials said that NSA "has gained the cooperation" of U.S. telecommunications companies "to obtain backdoor access [via the switches that act as gateways] to streams of domestic and international communications.... Some officials describe the program as a large data-mining operation."

Wald, Matthew L. "Widespread Radioactivity Monitoring Is Confirmed." New York Times, 24 Dec. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]

On 23 December 2005, the Justice Department confirmed that "[t]he F.B.I. and the Energy Department have conducted thousands of searches for radioactive materials at private sites around the country in the last three years." According to a federal official speaking on condition of anonymity, "the investigators have visited hundreds of sites in Washington, New York, Chicago, Detroit, Las Vegas and Seattle on multiple occasions, as well other locations for high-profile events like the Super Bowl. The surveillance was conducted outdoors, and no warrants were needed or sought."

Priest, Dana. "Covert CIA Program Withstands New Furor: Anti-Terror Effort Continues to Grow." Washington Post, 30 Dec. 2005, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"[F]ormer and current intelligence officials and congressional and administration sources" say that the effort launched by a top-secret presidential finding signed by President Bush six days after the 11 September 2001 attacks "has grown into the largest CIA covert action program since the height of the Cold War." The program has "expand[ed] in size and ambition despite a growing outcry at home and abroad over its clandestine tactics."

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