General Books and Articles

U - Z

U.S. Department of State. Patterns of Global Terrorism, [year (to 2003)]. Washington, DC: yearly.

Replaced by Country Reports on Terrorism in 2004. Both are available at: http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/crt/.

With regard to the report issued for 2003, see R. Jeffrey Smith, "State Dept. Concedes Errors in Terror Data," Washington Post, 10 Jun. 2004, A17.

The State Department's, Patterns of Global Terrorism, issued two months ago, suggested that the number of terrorist attacks around the globe "was at the lowest ebb in the past 34 years.... [H]owever, the report was pilloried by academics, a lawmaker [Rep. Henry A. Waxman (D-CA)] and others. They said its math defied the reality of a steady growth in the number and significance of terrorist attacks in 2003, as well as the worst type of attacks spreading from just a few countries to at least 10." On 9 June 2004, "after reviewing the matter more carefully, the department formally conceded it made a few mistakes." Spokesman Adam Ereli said: 'We anticipate that a correction to the Patterns of Global Terrorism will be publicly issued as soon as possible.'"

See also, Dan Eggen, "Powell Calls Report 'A Big Mistake'; State Dept., CIA Probe Terror Study," Washington Post, 14 Jun. 2004, A13.

During appearances on Sunday talk shows on 13 June 2004, "Secretary of State Colin L. Powell said ... that a State Department report claiming a global decline in terrorist incidents last year was 'a big mistake,' but he said there was no intent to 'cook the books' for political purposes."

Van De Velde, James R. "Camp Chaos: U.S. Counterterrorism Operations at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 18, no. 3 (Fall 2005): 538-548.

"The real situation at GTMO is ... that those in charge have a poor idea of what they are doing and the intelligence collection mission is failing.... The FBI, overall, is still more or less clueless about terrorism.... SOUTHCOM thinks its job is to imprison first, and gather intelligence second.... The Camp's mission should be intelligence collection. The sole custodian should be the DIA."

Vidino, Lorenzo. Al Qaeda in Europe: The New Battleground of International Jihad. Amherst, NY: Prometheus, 2006.

Peake, Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), labels this work as "[w]ell documented, well told, and alarming."

Waller, J. Michael. Fighting the War of Ideas Like a Real War: Messages to Defeat the Terrorists. Washington, DC: Institute of World Politics Press, 2007. Available at: http://jmw.typepad.com/political_warfare/files/War_of_Ideas_Waller.pdf.

From "Introduction" This book "offers a way to wage" the war of ideas "in the immediate-term: Cost-effective, realistic solutions that the U.S. and its allies can implement quickly, without bureaucratic reorganization or unusual reprogramming of funds. The book's focus will not therefore be on structures and processes, but on the nature and content of the messages themselves and the positive effects that can be achieved in Iraq and around the world."

Waugh, Billy, with Tim Keown. Hunting the Jackal: A Special Forces and CIA Ground Soldier's Fifty-Year Career Hunting America's Enemies. New York: Morrow, 2004. Hunting the Jackal: A Special Forces and CIA Soldier's Fifty Years on the Frontlines against Terrorism. New York: Avon, 2005. [pb]

From amazon.com: "In remarkable detail [Waugh] recounts his participation in some of the most important events in American Special Operations history, including his own pivotal role in the previously untold story of the CIA's involvement in the capture of the infamous Carlos the Jackal."

Clark comment: Did Billy Waugh do all the things he chronicles in his book? I am assured by those who know more about him than I do that Waugh has done so much that there would be no need for him to make up the stories told here. If he had not already been a Special Forces legend, going to war in Afghanistan in 2001 at the age of 72 would have established a special place for him in the pantheon of real-life action figures. It is doubtful that we would want Waugh sitting in Washington making policy; but as a warrior in the field, it is good thing that he is on our side.

Weldon, Curt [R-PA]. Countdown to Terror: The Top Secret Information that Could Prevent the Next Terrorist Attack on America and How the CIA Has Ignored It. Washington, DC: Regnery, 2005.

According to Mazzafro, NIPQ 21.3 (Sep. 2005), Representative Weldon's thesis "is that an Iranian source named Ali has valuable intelligence that the IC is ignoring at the peril of U.S. national security.... Unfortunately, Countdown to Terror tells us more about Congressman Weldon's inability to distinguish worthwhile intelligence from chaff than it does about alerting [American] citizens ... to threats the IC is ignoring."

Winn, Parameters 36.2 (Summer 2006), finds that Weldon, "[t]heorizing on why the intelligence community stubbornly refuses to work with his source, Ali,... postulates several theories: incompetence, obsolete approach, institutional memory, and fear.... The author’s comments are well worth reading, although the reader will most likely agree with some and disagree with others."

Wilson, Brian. "Diplomatic Game-Changer: How Recent Maritime-Related Initiatives Have Decisively Improved the Ability to Confront Terrorists/Criminals." Strategic Insights 8, no. 3 (August 2009). [http://www.nps.edu]

"[T]he actions of the past decade have created legal and operational frameworks that combine the collective strength of states and private industry. These separate but complementary efforts underscore what can be done to confront a common threat. Further refinement is necessary, including initiatives to pursue authorities to track money (and as appropriate, proscribe the transfer of funds) associated with criminal activity, including piracy."

Woodworth, Paddy. Dirty War, Clean Hands: ETA, the GAL, and Spanish Democracy. Rev. & updated. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2003.

According to Jonkers, AFIO WIN 11-03 (19 Mar. 2003), the author "describes the policies of the Spanish government in combating the Basque terrorist group ETA over the past 40 years. He reflects on what happens when a democratic administration begins to use terrorist methods ... against a terrorist group.... He argues that such a strategy undermines democracy's best arguments against terrorism in principle, and has a deeply negative effect in practice."

Wright, Lawrence. Looming Tower: Al Qaeda and the Road to 9/11. New York: Knopf, 2006.

A 2007 Pulitzer Prize winner. Peake, Studies 51.1 (Mar. 2007), says the author "tells a compelling story of the key men behind the [9/11] attack," that is, those who formed al Qaeda. The book "is wonderfully written and thoroughly documented."

Wright, Robin.

1. "In From the Cold and Able to Take the Heat." Washington Post, 12 Sep. 2005, A17. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"[A]fter almost a quarter-century as a spy or station chief on at least four continents, [Henry 'Hank'] Crumpton has emerged from undercover to take the job as State Department Coordinator for Counterterrorism -- with the very public rank of ambassador."

Crumpton "is the mysterious 'Henry' in the Sept. 11 commission report, which notes he persistently pressed the CIA to do more in Afghanistan before Osama bin Laden's terrorist spectaculars.... Tapped to head the CIA's Afghan campaign after the attacks, Crumpton is 'Hank' in Gary C. Schroen's 'First In: An Insider's Account of How the CIA Spearheaded the War on Terror in Afghanistan' and Bob Woodward's 'Bush at War.' Both books recount how Crumpton crafted a strategy partnering elite intelligence and military officers in teams that worked with the Afghan opposition.... The novel and initially controversial approach worked at limited cost in human life and materiel -- and avoided the kind of protracted U.S. ground war that the Soviet Union lost."

2. "State Dept. Losing a Top Figure in Terror War." Washington Post, 19 Dec. 2006, A5. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to a senior official on 18 December 2006, State Department counterterrorism chief Henry A. "Hank" Crumpton will leave the government in the new year. Crumpton, a career CIA covert officer, took over the State Department job in August 2005.

3. "Dell Dailey: Soldier, Counterterrorism Warrior." Washington Post, 24 Aug. 2007, A13. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Retired Lt. Gen. Dell Dailey has been named to head the State Department's counterterrorism office. He replaces CIA legend Henry "Hank" Crumpton.

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