General Books and Articles

A - Beq

Alden, Edward. The Closing of the American Border: Terrorism, Immigration, and Security Since 9/11. New York: HarperCollins, 2008.

Mead, FA 88.1 (Jan.-Feb. 2009), calls this a "revealing and richly researched account." The author "argues that counterterrorism is a fine intelligence task that should be separated from the broad strokes of border and immigration control."

Aldrich, Richard J. "US-European Intelligence Co-operation on Counter-terrorism: Low Politics and Compulsion." British Journal of Politics and International Relations 11, no.1 (Feb. 2009): 122-139.

The author suggests intelligence cooperation can be viewed "as a rather specialist kind of 'low politics' that is focused on practical arrangements." It allows countries "to work together in one area even while they disagree about something else. Meanwhile, the pressing need to deal with a range of increasingly elusive transnational opponents ... compels intelligence agencies to work more closely together, despite their instinctive dislike of multilateral sharing. Therefore, transatlantic intelligence co-operation will continue to deepen, despite the complex problems that it entails."

Alexander, Yonah,

1. and Michael S. Swetnam. Usama bin Laden's al-Qaida: Profile of a Terrorist Network. Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2001.

2. Michael S. Swetnam, and.Herbert M. Levine. ETA: Profile of a Terrorist Group. Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2001.

3. ed. Combating Terrorism: Strategies of Ten Countries. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2002.

From publisher: "The original essays in Combating Terrorism offer a unique overview and evaluation of the counterterrorism policies of ten countries: the United States, Argentina, Peru, Columbia, the United Kingdom, Spain, Israel, Turkey, India, and Japan."

4. ed. Counterterrorism Strategies: Successes and Failures of Six Nations. Dulles, VA: Potomac Books, 2006.

Cassidy, Parameters 37.2 (Summer 2007), notes that the aim of this book "is to glean best practices in order to arrive at some generalizations about the way ahead on ... efforts to counter terrorism.... The book prescribes policy fixes which are not necessarily epiphanous or timely, but are indeed correct and cogent." It is "a well-written and well-researched contribution." It is also "a relatively easy read."

For Peake, Studies 52.2 (Jun. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), this work "provides an interesting review of terrorism as experienced by six countries [the United States, France, Germany, Italy, Egypt, and Sri Lanka] and viewed by academics, but it presents nothing new and certainly no strategies for the future that have not already been implemented." Tennant, Military Review (Jul.-Aug. 2007), expresses disappointment in the unevenness of the essays included in this work, finding only the chapters on the United States and Germany of any value.

5. and Edgar H. Brenner, eds. Terrorism and the Law. Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2001.

Publisher: "This volume focuses on a broad range of relevant topics (e.g., definitions; human rights; ethnic, racial, and religious intolerance and violence) and selected legislation, treaties, and cases."

6. and Milton Hoenig, eds. Super Terrorism: Biological, Chemical, and Nuclear. Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2001.

7. and Michael B. Kraft, eds. Evolution of U.S. Counter-Terrorism Policy. 3 vols. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2008.

Kalic, Proceedings 134.5 (May 2008), identifies this work as a "collection of more than 600 documents that detail how America has wrestled with terrorism as a security threat.... While the vast numbers of documents are initially overwhelming, strong introductory chapters assist in outlining their basic tenets."

8. and Stephen Prior, eds. Terrorism and Medical Responses: U.S. Lessons and Policy Implications. Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2001.

9. and Michael S. Swetnam, eds. Cyber Terrorism and Information Warfare: Threats and Responses. Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2001.

Anderson, William Henry. "Terrorism: The Underlying Causes." Intelligencer14, no. 1 (Winter-Spring 2004): 53-57.

Psychiatrist Dr. Anderson seeks "to cast light on aspects of the psychology and cultural practice" of terrorists. He considers terrorism "with an analogy from medicine -- that of terrorism as a cancer."

Anonymous [click for Michael Scheuer].

1. Imperial Hubris: Why the West Is Losing the War on Terror. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 2004.

2. Through Our Enemies' Eyes: Osama bin Laden, Radical Islam, and the Future of America. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 2002.

Avella, Valerie N.Y. "The Domestic War on Terrorism: Fighting the Roots of Jihadist Extremism in the United States." Defense Intelligence Journal 15, no. 1 (2006): 13-24.

"[C]ounterterrorism intelligence collection and exploitation efforts should focus on all jihadist extremist tactics," not just on the tactic of terrorism. The Intelligence Community "should not ignore rhetoic simply because it lacks the physical manifestation of violence."

Badey, Thomas J. "Nuclear Terrorism: Actor-Based Threat Assessment." Intelligence and National Security 16, no. 2 (Summer 2001): 39-54.

"[A]nti-proliferation initiatives have a limited impact on the illegal flow of nuclear materials and are not likely to prevent the acquisition of nuclear materials by non-state actors.... [T]he primary threat of nuclear terrorism stems not from the availability of the materials but from the potential willingness of some groups to acquire [and use] them."

Bassiouni, M. Cherif.

1. International Terrorism: Multilateral Conventions (1937-2001). Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2001.

From advertisement: This volume "includes all relevant conventions adopted since the League of Nations Convention of 1937."

2. International Terrorism: A Compilation of U.N. Documents (1972-2001). 2 vols. Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2001.

From advertisement: These volumes are "the only published source of all United Nations documentation since 1972 on the subject of 'terrorism.'"

Bell, Stewart. Cold Terror: How Canada Nurtures and Exports Terrorism Abroad. Toronto: Wiley, 2004.

Gendron, IJI&C 18.2 (Summer 2005), finds that the author "draws on archival material, interviews, and insights based on his investigative work around the globe to illustrate how lack of will and political opportunism effectively signalled that Canada was soft on terrorism."

Benjamin, Daniel, and Steven Simon. The Age of Sacred Terror. New York: Random House, 2002.

Washington Post, 2 Oct. 2002, notes that this book, by two National Security Council staff members during Presidrent Clinton's second term, depicts "a dysfunctional war [with al Qaeda] in which the U.S. effort was crippled by FBI secrecy and thwarted by reluctant bureaucrats in the Justice, Treasury and Defense departments." FBI Director Louis J. Freeh "is depicted ... as a man blinded by animus toward Clinton and manipulated by dishonest reports" from Saudi Ambassador Prince Bandar bin Sultan, "who sought to deepen Freeh's rift with the White House."

To Loeb, Washington Post, 16 Dec. 2002, this book "is far more insightful than the [House-Senate] committee's report ... on how government failures contributed to its inability to prevent" the 9/11 suicide attacks. The authors "seem quite balanced in their assessment of the CIA and the Pentagon, faulting each for a certain amount of risk aversion but acknowledging that each took the problem of al Qaeda seriously." They are, however, "unrestrained in their criticism" of the FBI.

Laipson, FA 82.1 (Jan.-Feb. 2003), terms The Age of Sacred Terror an "important new book" that "vividly ... describ[es] how al Qaeda emerged and how America responded." The authors "tell[] us a great deal" about "working on counterterrorism in the U.S. government.... Ultimately, however, theirs is a subjective account and will be matched by those of other players who will want to explain their side of the story."

For Neumann, I&NS 18.4, the authors "provide a solid (albeit hardly groundbreaking) account of the rise of Islamic jihadism, its ideological foundations and current manifestations. More importantly, though, they also offer a fascinating insight into the workings of the American intelligence community in the 1990s." Peake, Studies 48.3 (2004), finds that "[b]y combining history with insights based on current real world experience, the authors have provided a valuable, well-documented perspective on a topic that demands attention."

Benjamin, Daniel, and Steven Simon. The Next Attack: The Failure of the War on Terror and a Strategy for Getting It Right. New York: Times Books, 2005.

According to Bass, Washington Post, 6 Nov. 2005, the authors "argue that the United States has, in the years since 9/11, frittered away more time than it took to win World War II.... Written in clear and credible prose, The Next Attack is one of the most helpful, challenging goads to serious discussion of terrorism in recent years." However, the work "is stronger on diagnosis than prescription."

Falkenrath, FA 85.1 (Jan.-Feb. 2006), comments that compared with their earlier and good book [The Age of Sacred Terror (2002)], "[t]his effort is a disappointment, less a work of scholarship than a polemic.... The book contains little new research about or analysis of what has happened or what should be done next." The authors respond in FA 85.2 (Mar.-Apr. 2006), commenting that given Falkenrath's background, it is no surprise that he "would loathe a book" critical of the Bush administration's conduct of the war on terrorism. Falkenrath counter-responds in FA 85.2 (Mar.-Apr. 2006), reiterating his view that the book's "scholarship is poor, its information and analysis derivative of more subtle and original works, its assessments unbalanced, and its prescriptions weak."

For Peake, Studies 50.2 (2006), the authors do not "appear to realize that the steps they recommend are precisely those now being attempted. Their comment that the intelligence services have not changed their Cold War operational methods is not only unhelpful, it is inaccurate." This book "provides a good summary of the problem but contributes little to the solution."

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