United States


L - R

Lamphere, Robert J., and Tom Shachtman. The FBI-KGB War: A Special Agent's Story. New York: Random House, 1986. New York: Berkley, 1986. [pb] New Ed., with Post-Cold War Afterword. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1995. [pb]

Lefebvre, Stéphane. "Cuban Intelligence Activities Directed at the United States, 1959-2007." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 22, no. 3 (Fall 2009): 452-469.

The author concludes that "the threat posed by Cuban intelligence agencies is to be taken seriously." Until there is a regime change in Cuba, "the United States and Cuban exiles will continue to be the primary targets of Cuba's efficient intelligence agencies." Stéphane Lefebvre, "Readers' Forum: Cuba Does It Again," International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 22, no. 4 (Winter 2009): 760-761, updates his original article by discussing the case of Walter Kendall Myers and his wife, Gwendolyn.

Lewy, Guenter. The Cause that Failed: Communism in American Political Life. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Maldon Institute. America's Espionage Epidemic. Washington, DC: 1986.

Martin, David. "Spy Cases Awaken Interest in Security." ABA Standing Committee Intelligence Report 7, no. 8 (1985): 1-2, 7. [Petersen]

Mazzetti, Mark, Michael S. Schmidt, and Frances Robles. "Crucial Spy in Cuba Paid a Heavy Cold War Price." New York Times, 19 Dec. 2014, A1. [http://www.nytimes.com]

The information Rolando Sarraff Trujillo gave the CIA "paid dividends long after Cuban authorities arrested" and imprisoned him. He "has now been released from prison and flown out of Cuba as part of the swap for three Cuban spies imprisoned in the United States" announced by President Obama on 17 December 2014. Before his November 1995 arrest, "Sarraff worked in the cryptology section of Cuba's Directorate of Intelligence and was an expert on the codes used by Cuban spies in the United States to communicate with Havana."

In his speech on 17 December, Obama said Sarraff "provided America with the information that allowed us to arrest the network of Cuban agents that included the men transferred to Cuba today, as well as other spies in the United States." A statement from the ODNI's said that information from "Sarraff -- the statement did not name him -- had helped the government arrest and convict several Cuban spies inside the United States." The convictions included DIA senior analyst Ana Belén Montes; former State Department official Walter Kendall Myers and his wife, Gwendolyn Myers; and members of the Red Avispa or Wasp Network [the "Cuban Five"] in Florida.

See also, Adam Goldman and Missy Ryan, "Spy Helped Unmask 3 Cuban Spy Networks, U.S. Officials Say," Washington Post, 18 Dec. 2014.

Morgan, Ted. Reds: McCarthyism in Twentieth Century America. New York: Random House, 2003.

Powers, NYRB (12 Feb. 2004) and Intelligence Wars (2004), 109-122, comments that the author "has an appetite for wide reading and a gift for amplitude in narrative.... Morgan's account of the years we remember by McCarthy's name is rich and fast-paced." However, the parts before and after, while "perfectly interesting,... lack[] any clear thematic line and veer[] off at the end into an eighteen-page digression on September 11 and the invasion of Iraq." In addition, "the absence of the victims of McCarthy witch-hunting starves Reds of its real significance."

Peake, Hayden B. "Risks of Recruitment." Foreign Intelligence Literary Scene 7, no. 6 (1988): 8-10.

Polmar, Norman, and Thomas B. Allen. "Decade of the Spy." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 115, no. 5 (May 1989): 104-109.

See Thomas B. Allen and Norman Polmar, Merchants of Treason: America's Secrets for Sale (New York: Delacorte, 1988).

Powers, Thomas. "The Plot Thickens." New York Review of Books, 11 May 2000. Chapter 5 in Intelligence Wars: American Secret History from Hitler to Al-Qaeda, 81-108. Rev. & exp. ed. New York: New York Review of Books, 2004.

This is an essay on Communism in America, written around reviews of Weinstein and Vassiliev, The Haunted Wood; Haynes and Klehr, Venona; Andrew and Mitrokhin, The Sword and the Shield; Duff, A Time for Spies; West, The Crown Jewels; and Morgan, A Covert Life.

Powers, Thomas. "Spy Fever." New York Review of Books, 12 Feb. 2004. Chapter 6 in Intelligence Wars: American Secret History from Hitler to Al-Qaeda, 109-122. Rev. & exp. ed. New York: New York Review of Books, 2004.

The author uses Ted Morgan's Reds (2003) as the springboard to a discussion of McCarthy and McCarthyism. He concludes that "[i]t was the bogies McCarthy and his colleagues persecuted -- the thousands of American of vaguely leftist bent -- who paid the price for the convenience the Moscow spymasters found in tapping [Communist] Party activitists for secret work."

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