United States


H - K

Hagan, Frank E. "Espionage as Political Crime? A Typology of Spies." Journal of Security Administration 12, no. 1 (1989): 19-36.

Calder: "Provides typologies of ten spies."

Haynes, John Earl, and Harvey Klehr. Early Cold War Spies: The Espionage Trials that Shaped American Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Ehrman, Studies 51.2 (2007), says that this book "is very good, both as an introductory text and as an example of the promise that comparative study holds for expanding our understanding of espionage, intelligence, and the political environment in which they are carried out." The authors "present no new research or material but, rather, provide accounts that readers new to the cases or with little background in counterintelligence will find to be clear, concise, and useful for later reference."

Haynes, John Earl, and Harvey Klehr. In Denial: Historians, Communism and Espionage. San Francisco, CA: Encounter Books, 2003.

Roberts, I&NS 19.1, finds that this work "highlights the unwillingness of many historians to grapple with the new evidence" concerning the American Communist Party (CPUSA). The book is "thorough, concise, and well researched.... every argument made by the supporters of the CPUSA and revisionist historians is catalogued and answered."

Haynes, John Earl, Harvey Klehr, and Alexander Vassiliev. Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009.

Click for extensive REVIEWS of this major work.

Herbig, Katherine L.

1. Changes in Espionage by Americans: 1947-2007. Technical Report 08-05. Monterey, CA: Defense Personnel Security Research Center, Mar. 2008. [http://www.fas.org/sgp/library/changes.pdf]

"This report documents changes and trends in American espionage since 1990.... [I]ndividuals are compared across three groups based on when they began espionage activities.... Findings include: since 1990 offenders are more likely to be naturalized citizens, and to have foreign attachments, connections, and ties. Their espionage is more likely to be motivated by divided loyalties.... Two thirds of American spies since 1990 have volunteered.... Six of the 11 most recent cases have involved terrorists, either as recipients of information, by persons working with accused terrorists at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, or in protest against treatment of detainees there. Many recent spies relied on computers, electronic information retrieval and storage, and the Internet."

2. and Martin F. Wiskoff. Espionage Against the United States by American Citizens, 1947-2001. Monterey, CA: Defense Personnel Security Research Center, 2002. [http://www.ncix.gov]

This work reflects an open-source analysis of 150 cases of espionage committed since 1947. The authors find that the characteristics of American spies have changed since the end of the Cold War.

Hirsch, Richard. The Soviet Spies: The Story of Russian Espionage in North America. New York: Duell, Sloan, and Pearce 1947.

Huminik, John. Double Agent. New York: New American Library, 1967. London: Hale, 1968.

INSCOM Journal. Editors. "Convicted of Espionage." 19, no. 6 (Nov.-Dec. 1996). [http://www.vulcan.belvoir.army.mil]

Joyal, Paul M. Fifteen Years of Espionage. Washington, DC: Nathan Hale Institute, 1991.

Surveillant 2.1: "A compilation of espionage cases and arrests over the last 15 years."

Kessler, Ronald. Spy vs. Spy: Stalking Soviet Spies in America. New York: Scribner's, 1988. Spy vs. Spy: The Shocking True Story of the FBI's War Against Soviet Agents in America. New York: Pocket Books, 1988. [pb]

Knight, Amy. How The Cold War Began: The Gouzenko Affair and the Hunt for Soviet Spies. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2005. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2006.

Peake, Studies 50.2 (2006), finds that the author "adds some new and relatively minor details to the Gouzenko story. While they do not change the substance of the case, they do describe more of Gouzenko's personal life after the defection.... Only gradually does the real reason Knight wrote [this book] become apparent: [she] argues that the primary product of the Gouzenko defection was the damage done to innocent lives due to the 'unrelenting witch-hunt for spies.'" When the "innocent lives" mentioned include Alger Hiss and Harry Dexter White, there are some problems.

For Clément, I&NS 21.2 (Apr. 2006), the author's connecting Gouzenko's defection to "American anti-communist witch-hunts" goes down without choking sounds. The reviewer sees the work as "a coherent, engaging analysis of Igor Gouzenko's legacy in the Cold War." Nonetheless, Knight's determination "to denigrate Mackenzie King at every turn" is written off as but a detail.

Goulden, Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), comments that "very little is added to our knowledge of the Gouzenko matter in [this] inanely titled" book. Rather, it is "an angry riff on how the Canadians mishandled the case, and how the American Congress and FBI used Gouzenko to touch off an 'anti-communist witch hunt.'"

Krall, Yung. A Thousand Tears Falling: The True Story of a Vietnamese Family Torn Apart by War, Communism, and the CIA. Marietta, GA: Longstreet Press, 1995.

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