World War II

Richard Sorge

A - R

Chatel, Nicole, and Alain Guérin. Camarade Sorge. Paris: Juilliard, 1965.

Deakin, Frederick William, and G. Richard Storry. The Case of Richard Sorge. New York: Harper & Row, 1966. London: Chatto & Windus, 1966.

According to Pforzheimer, this "account of a leading Soviet [GRU] agent in China and Japan" prior to and during early World War II is written by "two distinguished Oxford scholars" and is based on documents and interviews. Constantinides says this "is by and large an accurate account." The authors "conclude that they cannot prove or disprove" Schellenberg's assertion that Sorge was connected with German intelligence. See Schellenberg, The Labyrinth (1956).

Writing in 1999, Warren Frank, IJI&C 13.1, notes that this work continues to be "the best and most balanced study of this important Soviet spy." Bath, NIPQ 20.1, comments that the authors "provide[] a scholarly debunking of some the myths" that had arisen about Sorge.

Dementyeva, Irina A., Nikolay I. Agayants, and Yegor V. Yakovlev. Comrade Sorge. Springfield, VA: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Technical Information Service, 1972. Tovarishch Zorge. Moscow: Sovetskaya Rossiya, 1965.

Rocca and Dziak: A "human-interest presentation of the Sorge biography in the revisionist light of the Sixties."

Johnson, Chalmers. An Instance of Treason: Ozaki Hotsumi and the Sorge Spy Ring. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1964. Expanded ed. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1990. [pb]

Surveillant 1.1 notes that the expanded edition of Johnson's 1964 book includes new information on this World War II Soviet spy ring. According to Boyd, I&NS 6.4, this edition includes much new evidence that has come to light since the original work. Johnson has produced "a scholarly, in-depth analysis of Ozaki, Sorge, and their place in the history of international espionage.... This is a remarkably sophisticated piece of scholarship."

Kuusinen, Aino. The Rings of Destiny: Inside Soviet Russia from Lenin to Brezhnev. New York: Morrow, 1974.

Pforzheimer notes that Kuusinen is the widow of the late Comintern luminary Otto Kuusinen. "This book is especially valuable for the insights given to the Shanghai phase, in the 1930's, of the intelligence activities of ... Richard Sorge and his successors in China. The work provides information and clues not available in other accounts of Sorge's operations."

Mader, Julius. Dr. Sorge Reports. East Berlin: Military Publications of the GDR, 1984.

Wilcox: "East German account of Richard Sorge."

Meissner, Hans Otto. The Man with Three Faces: The True Story of a Master Spy. New York: Rinehart, 1955. London: Evans, 1955.

Bath, NIPQ 20.1, notes that the author met Sorge while serving with the German Embassy in Tokyo. This book is "based on interviews with German diplomats and officials." It "gives the German spin to the Sorge story."

Mendelsohn, John, ed. The Case of Richard Sorge. New York: Garland, 1987.

Mendelsohn, John, ed. Covert Warfare: Intelligence, Counter-intelligence and Military Deception During the World War II Era. 18 vols. New York: Garland, 1989.

This multivolume work consists of photo reproductions of documents from the National Archives.

Vol. 7: The Case of Richard Sorge. Intro., Bryan T. Van Sweringen.

From This volume "covers: 1. The Sorge Spy Ring: A Case study in International Espionage in the Far East. 2. An Authenticated Translation of Sorge's Own Story. 3. Extracts from an Authenticated Translation of the Foreign Affairs Yearbook, Criminal Affairs Bureau, Tokyo. 4. Extracts from the 'Sorge Spy Ring Case'. 5. Exhibit No.26 (The Relationship between Agnes Smedley and the Sorge Ring)."

Prange, Gordon W., et al. Target Tokyo: The Story of the Sorge Spy Ring. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1985.

For Bath, NIPQ 20.1, Prange's is "the most authoritative of the Sorge studies to date.... His information, drawn from accounts written in Japanese and from interviews with involved Japanese officials, adds substance to the tale."

Price, Ruth. The Lives of Agnes Smedley. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

According to Peake, Studies 49.3 (2005), "Smedley traveled widely. In Germany, she worked for the COMINTERN under chief propagandist Willi Muenzenberg." In China, "she met and was captivated by Mao and other communist leaders." The author's research supports "the fact that Smedley ha[d] been Sorge's agent and a COMINTERN agent, and had worked in the Chinese Bureau of Information as well."

Ryan, I&NS 21.6 (Dec. 2006), finds that "the pained historian removes any reasonable doubt that Smedley served the world Communist underground from the later 1920s until 1941.... Thorough research in primary sources is easily the book's outstanding characteristic." In addition, "Price's writing holds the reader's attention well."

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