Defector Literature

Q - Z


Romanov, A.I. [Pseud.] Nights Are Longest There: A Memoir of the Soviet Security Services. Boston: Little, Brown, 1972. Nights Are Longest There: SMERSH From the Inside. London: Hutchinson, 1972.

Rose, R.S., and Gordon D. Scott. JOHNNY: A Spy's Life. (University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2010.

According to Peake, Studies 54.3 (Sep. 2010) and Intelligencer 18.1 (Fall-Winter 2010), the central character here is Johnan Heinrich Amadeus de Graaf who in his lifetime was a communist radical, GRU operative, and double agent for MI6 after 1933. This "is an unusual story of a double agent who fought the Nazis and the communists and survived."

Sakharov, Vladimir, and Umberto Tosi. High Treason. New York: Putnam's, 1980. New York: Ballantine, 1981. [pb]

Shevchenko, Arkady N. Breaking with Moscow. New York: Knopf, 1985.

Sheymov, Victor. TIEBREAKER: Tower of Secrets II. Cyber Books Publishing, 2013. [pb]

The author describes his unhappiness with his treatment by the CIA after his exfiltration from the USSR. In addition, the FBI appointed Robert Hanssen as his FBI liaison.

Sheymov, Victor. Tower of Secrets: A Real Life Spy Thriller. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1993. New York: HarperSpotlight, 1994. [pb]

Sigl, Rupert. In the Claws of the KGB: Memoirs of a Double Agent. Ardmore, PA: Dorrance, 1978.

Suvorov, Viktor [Pseud.]

In a comment on Lunev's Through the Eyes of the Enemy, J. Michael Waller,, notes that Suvorov is the pseudonym of "a former GRU officer named Rezun who defected to the United Kingdom." His books "are excellent works but many scholars suspect that they rest heavily on material provided by British intelligence.... Suvorov's books remain valuable, because the GRU has changed little if at all, and its mission remains the same. But being written in the Soviet period, they lack the context of the collapse of the USSR and the end of the Cold War as we knew it."

1. Aquarium: The Career and Defection of a Soviet Military Spy. London, Hamish Hamilton, 1985. Inside the Aquarium: The Making of a Top Soviet Spy. New York: Stein & Day, 1986.

Milivojevi, I&NS 1.2, says that Aquarium is "a vivid, perceptive ... account of Suvorov's career in the GRU.... [T]he three chapters ... he devotes to his time as a Spetsnaz officer are likely to remain the definitive account of the subject for a long time." The author's personal experiences in Vienna "have enabled him to produce a definitive account of how a GRU residency functions."

2. Inside Soviet Military Intelligence. New York: Macmillan, 1984. Soviet Military Intelligence. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1984.

Pforzheimer notes that the book "contains many factual errors, misstatements, and extravagant claims.... The author seems more sure of himself when he writes of the GRU Special Purpose Forces (SPETSNAZ)."

According to Rocca and Dziak, this "is one of the rare works ever to appear on Soviet military intelligence (the GRU)." However, "its value is somewhat marred by error and uncompelling assertions." The author's "insider's insights" on GRU Spetsnaz forces and tactical reconnaissance "make this work a useful addition to the literature."

Milivojevi, I&NS 1.2, calls this book "the most detailed, comprehensive and convincing account to date of the GRU's organizational structure, relations with the KGB and the CPSU(b) and espionage modus operandi in the West." However, the reviewer has reservations about the "absence of footnotes" which "makes it difficult to distinguish between what is based on direct and indirect personal experience, what is generally accepted as being the truth in secondary sources..., and what is just intelligent speculation."

3. Spetsnaz: The Inside Story of Soviet Special Forces. New York: Norton, 1988.

Tumanov, Oleg. Tr., David Floyd. Tumanov: Confessions of a KGB Agent. Chicago, IL: Edition Q, 1994.

Surveillant 3.4/5 notes that from 1966 to 1986, Tumanov worked for Radio Liberty, posing as a Russian dissident. Valcourt, IJI&C 7.4, comments that Kalugin's The First Directorate casts Tumanov as "a defector who offered his services to the KGB as part of a deal to return to the USSR years after deserting the [Soviet] navy." Kalugin also says it was he who directed Tumarov to plant a bomb at Radio Liberty's Munich headquarters in 1981. Tumarov campaigned against Kalugin's candidacy for the Congress of People's Deputies in 1990.

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