Defector Literature

L - P

Levchenko, Stanislav. On the Wrong Side: My Life in the KGB. Washington, DC: Permagon-Brassey's, 1988.

Lunev, Stanislav, and Ira Winkler. Through the Eyes of the Enemy: Russia's Highest Ranking Military Defector Reveals Why Russia Is More Dangerous Than Ever. New York: Regnery, 1998.

Clark comment: Lunev was a GRU colonel prior to his defection in 1988 and, according to the dust jacket is "currently in the Witness Protection Program."

In a review carried by, J. Michael Waller comments that "Lunev provides a riveting and disturbing -- and very credible -- look at the GRU and how it has resisted the reforms that have swept its country.... Lunev describes the situation [in today's Russia] lucidly. One cannot understand the situation in Russia today without reading this book."

Jonkers, AFIO WIN 12-99 (24 Mar. 1999), finds that the author tells his story in "simple, straightforward words, starting with his childhood and ending with his new life in America. It is a nice book for the general public, providing the human touch -- spies are people, after all." Less enthralled, Paseman, Intelligencer 10.2, finds so many problems -- beginning with a "blatant attempt to create interest via sensationalism" -- with this work that he suggests it would be better to "[s]ave your money" than spend it here.

Maffei, Riccardo. Tr., Robert L. Miller. "Fedor Butenko: One Man Against Bolshevism." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 23, no. 3 (Fall 2010): 534-566.

Butenko was a Soviet diplomat who defected to Mussolini's Italy in 1938. It is this choice that differentiates Butenko from other Soviet defectors of the period.

Maffei, Riccardo. "Il 'caso Helfand': La defezione nel 1940 del diplomatico sovietico a Roma nei documenti americani." Nuova Storia Contemporanea 18, no. 5 (Sep.-Oct. 2014): 49-74.

Lev Helfand, Soviet Charge d'affaires in Italy, defected with his family to the United States in 1940.

Myagkov, Aleksei. Inside the KGB: An Expose by an Officer of the Third Directorate. New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1977. Richmond, UK: Foreign Affairs Publishing, 1976. New York: Ballantine, 1981. [pb]

Orlov, Alexander. Handbook of Intelligence and Guerrilla Warfare. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1963.

Orlov, Alexander. The March of Time: Reminiscences. London: St. Ermin's, 2004.

According to Hanyok, I&NS 20.2 (Jun. 2005), this manuscript was given to Edward P. Gazur, Orlov's last FBI "handler," shortly before the former NKVD general died in 1973. It was then locked away in the National Archives. The reviewer calls Orlov's memoirs "a corking read.... Sprinkled throughout the memoirs are some interesting, if unverifiable, anecdotes.... The book contains no historical commentary or review of the facts of these stories." And therein lies the problem. There are "large and obvious gaps in Orlov's memoirs.... The book simply does not advance our knowledge of Orlov's career or understanding of the man and his motives."

Orlov, Alexander. "The Theory and Practice of Soviet Intelligence." Studies in Intelligence 7, no. 2 (Spring 1963): 45-65.

This is an excerpt from Orlov's Handbook of Intelligence and Guerrilla Warfare (1963).

Petrov, Vladimir, and Evdokia Petrov. Empire of Fear. New York: Praeger, 1956. London: André Deutsch, 1956.

Pohl-Wannemacher, Helga. Tr., Rena Wilson. Red Spy at Night: A True Story of Espionage and Seduction Behind the Iron Curtain. London: New English Library, 1977.

Poretsky, Elizabeth [alias Elsa Bernaut and Elsa Reiss]. Our Own People: A Memoir of 'Ignace Reiss' and His Friends. London: Oxford University Press, 1969. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1970.

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