Adams, Jan S. A Foreign Policy in Transition: Moscow's Retreat from Central America and the Caribbean, 1985-1992. Durham, NC: Duke University, 1993. F2178S65A25
Albini, Joseph L., and Julie Anderson. "Whatever Happened to the KGB?" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 11, no. 1 (Spring 1998): 26-56.
The authors trace structural changes in the KGB from Bakatin's "dismantling" to 1996. They argue that "[t]he world is presently being confronted by a new and forceful espionage offensive orchestrated by Moscow, currently being carried out by the products of the former KGB, Russia's corrupt political leadership, and powerful, organized criminals."
Almond, Mark. "Still Serving Secretly: Soviet Bloc Spies Under New Masters." Institute for Defense and Strategic Studies, Occasional Papers, no. 57 (1992).
Azrael, Jeremy R., and Alexander G. Rahr. The Formation and Development of the Russian KGB, 1991-1994. Santa Monica, CA: Rand, 1993.
Surveillant 4.1: The "establishment of effective societal, legal, and political control over the KGB has been an uphill struggle."
Berry, Jessica. "Norway and Russia Expel Envoys in Row over Nuclear Spying." Telegraph (London), 22 Mar. 1998. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]
Norway "expelled two Russian diplomats on espionage charges last week and declared three others persona non grata. Russia retaliated, expelling two Norwegians from their embassies in Moscow and Murmansk." The Russians were accused of attempting to recruit Norwegian government employees "to steal environmental secrets about Russian dumping of defunct nuclear submarines."
Blundy, Anna. "Step Up for Old Spy Fuels Kremlin Rumour." Times (London), 27 Jan. 1999.
"Speculation grew yesterday" that Russian Prime Minister Yevgeni Primakov "is preparing himself for the forthcoming presidential race when it emerged that an old colleague from his spymaster days had been appointed deputy head of the Itar-Tass news agency. Yuri Kobaladze ... is an old media hand and not the first former spy and friend of the Prime Minister to find himself in a position of power. Lev Koshlyakov, a former intelligence officer, became head of the Vesti news service last year and Igor Adamov, another spy, was made head of Radio Rossii."
1. The KGB: Death and Rebirth. Westport, CT: Praeger/Greenwood, 1994.
Surveillant 4.1: This is the story of the post-1989 KGB. The author "insists that the KGB, if it died at all, has been reborn in the new independent state."
2. "KGB in Transition: The Bakatin Interregnum." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 6, no. 3 (Fall 1993): 327-338.
Filipov, David. "The Name Is New, But Fear Remains: Russia's Secret Police Still Dreaded." Boston Globe, 30 Jan. 1999, A2. [http://www.boston.com]
Report on the questioning at the St. Petersburg headquarters of the Federal Security Service (FSB), the successor to the KGB, of Brian Whitmore, an American reporter for the local St. Petersburg Times. Nothing bad happened, but the mere prospect gave rise to apprehensions.
Foreign Intelligence Literary Scene. Editors.
1. "Yeltsin Releases Documents [on KAL-007 Shootdown]." 11, no. 5 (1992): 1-2.
2. "Release of Katyn Documents." 11, no. 5 (1992): 3.
1. The Age of Anxiety: Security and Politics in Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia. New York: Longman, 1995.
Choice, Jul.-Aug. 1995: This "work is an excellent analytical political history that will have broad appeal.... The book's core is Gorbachev's rise and fall. It provides rich detail which gives the work credibility. However, the author does not cite the sources for the evidence he uses.... Nevertheless, the analysis is at as high a level as the best work on the field, and the writing is clear and understandable."
2. "Decline and Fall -- The New Russian Security State." Jane's Intelligence Review 6, no. 2 (Feb. 1994): 50.
3. "Decline and Fall -- Russia's Federal Counter-Intelligence Service." Jane's Intelligence Review 6, no. 5 (May 1994): 194.
This article reports the creation in December 1993 of the Federal Counter-Intelligence Service (Federal'naya sluzhba kontrrazvedky [FSK]) as the successor to the Security Ministry (Minsterstvo bezopasnosti [MB]), which was heir to most of the KGB's internal security functions.
Gevorkian, Natalia. "The KGB: 'They Still Need Us.'" Bulletin of Atomic Scientists (Jan.-Feb. 1993): 36-38.
Golitsyn, Anatoliy. Perestroika Deception: Memorandum to the Central Intelligence Agency -- The World's Slide Towards the Second October Revolution ("Weltoktober"). New York: Harle, 1995.
Surveillant 4.2: The author "explains, in what many will see as the fist-shaking rant of a fanatic, the devious secret intent behind the Leninist strategy which the 'former' Communists are pursuing under cover of fake 'reform' and 'progress toward democracy.'"
Gordievsky, Oleg. "The KGB After the Coup." Intelligence and National Security 8, no. 3 (Jul. 1993): 68-71.
"The KGB was always significant for Gorbachev; in fact the KGB was his darling. The coup revealed that Gorbachev's best friend was a traitor."
Gordon, Michael R. "Russian Military Loses Satellites." New York Times, 22 Nov. 1996, A1, A6 (N).
Russian and Western scientists report that Russia has been without photo reconnaissance satellites for almost two months. The last operable photo satellite burned up on reentry on 28 September 1996. A launch effort on 20 June 1996 failed.
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