2001 - 2005



Materials arranged chronologically.

Wines, Michael. "Russia Turns Drug Arrest Into Spy Case." New York Times, 28 Feb. 2001. []

On 27 February 2001, the Russian domestic intelligence agency, the Federal Security Service (FSB), announced that "an American graduate student, arrested nearly a month ago on seemingly minor drug charges, was probably working for United States military intelligence." The FSB said that Fulbright scholar John Edward Tobin "had studied Russian at the Defense Language Institute in Monterey, Calif., and had been trained in interrogation at the Army military intelligence training center in Fort Huachuca, Ariz."

Michael Wines, "Fulbright Scholar Freed After 6 Months in Russian Jail," New York Times, 4 Aug. 2001, reports that Tobin was freed on 3 August 2001 after serving "roughly six months of a 37-month sentence -- later reduced to one year -- for possessing less than two-tenths of an ounce of marijuana and sharing it with others."

Bronskill, Jim, and Mike Trickey. "Russian Spy Has Defected to Canada." National Post, 9 Mar. 2001. []

A Canadian Foreign Affairs spokesman confirmed on 8 March 2001 that Evgeny Toropov, security officer at the Russian embassy in Ottawa, had defected to Canada.

Franchetti, Mark. "Spy Tells how Putin Blew It as KGB Rookie." Sunday Times (London), 11 Mar. 2001. []

"A former KGB agent controlled by Vladimir Putin in the former East Germany during the mid-1980s has spoken for the first time about the Russian president's work as a young spy. He was so exasperated by Putin's inexperience that he almost left the agency. 'Agent M', a former East German criminal police inspector who specialised in undercover work, had been with the KGB for 10 years when he first met Putin in 1985 at a flat in Dresden. His first impressions were far from favourable."

Heintz, Jim. "KGB's Ghost Still Haunts Russia." Washington Times, 9 Sep. 2001. [http://]

"The monolithic KGB was broken up into several agencies.... [However,] the KGB's descendants still exert substantial power in post-Soviet Russia, and critics see ominous indications that old oppressive practices are reviving under President Vladimir Putin, a former KGB operative and one-time FSB director."

Weir, Fred. "Security Forces Bask in Popularity Rise." Washington Times, 9 Sep. 2001. []

"Russia's intelligence services, with one of their own in the Kremlin and a reform-battered public yearning for order, are enjoying something they never knew under the old Soviet system: a surge of popular approval and prestige."

  Pringle, Robert W. "Putin: The New Andropov?" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 14, no. 4 (Winter 2001-2002): 545-558.

"Russian President Vladimir V. Putin's relationship with and management of the Russian intelligence and security communities sheds some light on both their restructuring since the collapse of the Soviet regime and their role in post-Soviet Russia."

Kalugin, Oleg A. "Window of Opportunity: Russia's Role in the Coalition against Terror." Harvard International Review 24, no. 3 (Fall 2002).

Yuferova, Yadviga, and Maksim Makarychev. "Whom Can We Trust? The Head of Russia's Most Classified Department, Foreign Intelligence Service Director Col. Gen. Sergey Nikolayevich Lebedev, Answers Rossiyskaya Gazeta's Questions." Rossiyskaya Gazeta [in Russian], 20 Dec. 2002, 6-7. []

[FBIS Translated Text] "Sergey Nikolayevich Lebedev has climbed all rungs on the intelligence ladder -- from operations officer [operupolnomochennyy] to head of the Foreign Intelligence Service [SVR].... He was appointed director of the SVR 20 May 2000 by Russian Federation presidential edict."

Risen, James. "Rem Krassilnikov, Russian Bane of C.I.A., Dies at 76." New York Times, 24 Mar. 2003. []

KGB Maj. Gen. Rem Krassilnikov "died in Moscow last week" at the age of 76. During the mid- and late 1980's, Krassilnikov "was chief of the First Department within the K.G.B.'s Second Chief Directorate, which placed him in charge of investigating and disrupting C.I.A. operations in Moscow.... He had taken over the First Department ... by the time that a series of American spies [Edward Lee Howard, Aldrich Ames, and Robert Hanssen] began to give the Soviets a treasure trove of information about C.I.A. operations in the mid-1980's." The Economist, 5 Apr. 2003, also commemorates Krassilnikov's passing.

Risen, James. "Jailing in Russia Is a Reminder That Spy Wars Still Smolder." New York Times, 16 Jun. 2003. []

Moscow revealed last week that former SVR colonel Aleksandr Zaporozhsky "has been sentenced to 18 years in jail for spying for the United States.... Zaporozhsky had been living in Maryland but in November 2001 was somehow induced to return to Moscow, where he was quietly arrested and jailed.... Russian news reports of his sentencing last week suggested that he had been drawn into an ambush because he was suspected of helping the United States identify and arrest Robert P. Hanssen."

Baker, Peter. "Russian Researcher Convicted of Spying; Defense Says Information Was Public." Washington Post, 6 Apr. 2004, A11. []

Igor Sutyagin, a researcher at the Institute for the Study of the United States and Canada in Moscow, "was found guilty of treason and espionage [on 5 April 2004] for selling information on nuclear submarines and missile warning systems to a British company [Alternative Futures] that prosecutors alleged was a front for U.S. intelligence."

On 7 April 2004, Sutyagin was sentenced to 15 years in prison. At the sentencing, Sutyagin continued to protest his innocence. "The data he gave to the British firm, he said, were publicly available.... [D]efense attorneys vowed to appeal the conviction on grounds that the judge tilted the closed proceedings toward the prosecution." Peter Baker, "Russian Researcher, Asserting Innocence, Given 15 Years," Washington Post, 8 Apr. 2004, A17.

Parfitt, Tom. "Qatar Hands Back Moscow Agents Jailed for Murder." Telegraph (London), 16 Jan. 2005. []

"Two Russian secret agents convicted of assassinating" Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, "a former Chechen president living in the Gulf state of Qatar," were handed over to the Russian government in December 2004. Upon their return, "the agents received a hero's welcome in Moscow."

Burger, Timothy J., and Brian Bennett. "The Russians Are Coming." Time, 30 Jan. 2005. []

Russia continues to field "an army of spooks in the U.S. that is at least equal in number to the one deployed by the old, much larger Soviet Union." According to senior U.S. intelligence and law-enforcement officials, "Russia runs more than 100 known spies under official cover in the U.S.... As the FBI has remade itself in the wake of 9/11 into a counterterrorism agency, the bureau's long-standing counterintelligence mission has been bumped down a notch on the priority list. During this time, Russia has been among the U.S.'s rivals most aggressively exploiting the opening to build up its spying capabilities."

Finn, Peter. "Russia Alleges Scientist Divulged State Secrets: Researcher Who Worked With S. Korean Firm Says All Contracts Were 'Official.'" Washington Post, 22 Feb. 2005, A10. []

"Oscar A. Kaibyshev, 66, head of the Russian Academy of Sciences' Institute for Metals Superplasticity Problems in the city of Ufa, was charged with illegally exporting dual-use technology and research and divulging classified material to ASA Co., a subsidiary of a Korean firm, Hankook Tire Manufacturing Co. If convicted, he faces up to 10 years in prison."

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