Material from the 1990s

S - Z


Smith, R. Jeffrey.

1. "Deutch Outlines Plan to Centralize Control of Intelligence Community." Washington Post, 20 Dec. 1995, A23.

2. "Clinton to Sign Bill Giving CIA Three New Managers; Measure also Expands Powers of FBI, NSA." Washington Post, 5 Oct. 1996, A4.

Snider, L. Britt.

Snider was Staff Director of the Commission on Roles and Capabilities of U.S. Intelligence Community (Aspin commission).

1. "A (Largely) Overlooked Accomplishment: Assessing the 1992 Intelligence Reorganization Legislation." National Security Law Report 15, no. 5 (May 1993): 1, 3.

2. "National Security Issues Facing the New Congress." National Security Law Report 16, no. 1 (Jan. 1994): 1, 4, 6.

Snider discusses: Making the intelligence budget public; the classification system; the report of Joint Security Commission; and the intelligence-law enforcement relationship.

3. "National Security Issues in the 104th Congress." National Security Law Report 17, no. 2-3 (Feb.-Mar. 1995): 1, 2.

Snider discusses: United Nations issues; potential legislation on organizational issues; counter-terrorism legislation; new Executive orders.

4. "The New (and Largely Unappreciated) Legal Framework for U.S. Intelligence." American Intelligence Journal 14, no. 3 (Autumn/Winter 1993/1994): 77-80.

Snider argues that the importance of the language in Title VII of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (P.L. 102-496), signed by President Bush on 24 Oct. 1992, is being missed.

Soper, Karl. "Getting Serious About Restructuring Intelligence." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly 12, no. 1 (Jan. 1996): 1-3.

Steele, Robert David

Towell, Pat. "Schwarzkopf Points Out Flaws in Wartime Intelligence." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 15 Jun. 1991, 1603.

Turner, Stansfield. "Intelligence for a New World Order." Foreign Affairs (Fall 1991): 150-166.

Twentieth Century Fund. The Need to Know: The Report of the Twentieth Century Fund Task Force on Covert Action and American Democracy. With a background paper by Allan E. Goodman and Bruce D. Berkowitz. New York: The Twentieth Century Fund, 1992.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Select Committee on Intelligence. S. 2726 to Improve U.S. Counterintelligence Measures: Hearings Before the Select Committee on Intelligence. 101st Cong., 2d sess., 23 May and 12 July 1990.

U.S. Intelligence Community Staff. Community Management Staff. Quality Council Secretariat. National Performance Review: Phase II Initiatives, September 1995; An Intelligence Community Report. Washington, DC: 1995.

Wilson, James Q. [James Collins Professor of Management, Graduate School of Business, UCLA]. Thinking About Reorganization. Working Group on Intelligence Reform. Washington, DC: Consortium for the Study of Intelligence, 1992.

Clark comment: I recommend that anyone enamored of reorganization as a cure for the "problems" of U.S. intelligence read this monograph before they get too wedded to the concept.

Wood, C. Norman [LTGEN/USAF (Ret.)].

1. "President's Commentary: Intelligence May Be Bent, But Not Broken." Signal, Oct. 1997, 14.

This is an opinion piece by the AFCEA President. He acknowledges that American intelligence "must respond to changes wrought by the post-Cold-War era and the information technology revolution." However, he argues that the solution "does not lie in a brute force reorganization or in chain-saw budget cutting." Interestingly, Wood supports efforts to "strengthen the hand of the ... DCI," and notes that the "[k]ey to success in this position is more control over intelligence resources."

2. "President's Commentary: Intelligence Is at a Crucial Crossroad." Signal, Oct. 1999, 14.

In this opinion piece, the AFCEA President argues that because of the "sense of uncertainty" that characterizes the post-Cold War era, the U.S. Intelligence Community needs to "take the initiative in developing a broad, cohesive plan for national intelligence. This effort must encompass specific funding requirements, new sensor and collection systems, information architectures and centralized authority" under a strengthened DCI.

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