By Topics

Included here:

1. General Strategic Monitoring

2. Legal Issues

3. Organization

4. The Impact of Science

1. General Strategic Monitoring

Aviation Week & Space Technology. Editors. "How U.S. Taps Soviet Missile Secrets." 21 Oct. 1957, 26-27. [Petersen]

Aviation Week & Space Technology. Editors. "Iranian Monitor Loss Minimized." 30 Apr. 1979, 30.

This article deals with U.S. government efforts to minimize the negative effect of the loss of the SIGINT sites in northern Iran following the ouster of the Shah.

Hall, R. Cargill. "Strategic Reconnaissance in the Cold War." Prologue (Summer 1996): 107-25.

Richelson, Jeffrey T. "High Flyin' Spies." Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 52, no. 5 (Sep.-Oct. 1996): 48-54.

van de Aart, D. Aerial Espionage: Secret Intelligence Flights by East and West. New York: Prentice Hall, 1985.

York, Herbert F., and G. Allen Greb. "Strategic Reconnaissance." Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 33, no. 4 (Apr. 1977): 33-41.

Ziegler, Charles A., and David Jacobson. Spying Without Spies: Origins of America's Secret Nuclear Surveillance System. Westport, CT: Praeger/Greenwood, 1995.

Van Nederveen, Air Chronicles, at, notes that Spying Without Spies "tells how scientists, intelligence officials, Air Force officers, and commissioners of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) grappled with the problem" of detecting atomic events deep inside the Soviet Union. The authors provide "the first description of the creation and institutionalization of America's nuclear detection system and the relationship it forged between the science and intelligence communities. Thus, the book makes a unique contribution to intelligence literature."

To Rosenberg, AHR 101.4, this "political and technical analysis ... is solidly researched, sound in narrative, effectively organized, and judicious -- if unambitious -- in its conclusions." It is, however, "a work for specialists."

2. Legal Issues

Beresford, A.M. "Surveillance Aircraft and Satellites: A Problem of International Law." Journal of Air Law and Commerce 27 (1960): 107 ff. [Petersen]

Columbia Law Review. Editors. "Legal Aspects of Reconnaissance in Airspace and Outer Space." 61 (1961): 1074 ff. [Petersen]

3. Organization

U.S. Department of Defense. Central Imagery Office. "Future Direction for the United States Imagery System." American Intelligence Journal 14, no. 3 (Autumn-Winter 1993-1994): 31-34.

4. The Impact of Science

Divine, Robert A. The Sputnik Challenge: Eisenhower's Response to the Soviet Satellite. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Smith, I&NS 9.4, notes that President "Eisenhower was able to respond in a calm and systematic manner to Sputnik because he had access to intelligence information which led him to conclude that the Soviet satellite did not pose a threat to U.S. national security." Cold War Connection, "Top Books on the Cold War,", says "this dynamic ... political history" provides good coverage of "[t]he Eisenhower administration's various responses to 'Sputnik,' including a fear of a growing 'missile gap,' an increased interest in US scientific and engineering capabilities, and a reevaluation of the national education system."

Herken, Gregg. Cardinal Choices: Presidential Science Advising from the Atomic Bomb to SDI. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

McDougall, Walter A. The Heavens and the Earth: A Political History of the Space Age. New York: Basic Books, 1985.

For Cold War Connection, "Top Books on the Cold War,", this "richly detailed ... work provides the best overview to date on the complex intersections of the space program and politics (both international and domestic), as well as the larger issue of the relationship between the state and technological development."

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