1996 - 1998

Aerospace Daily. Editors. "DARPA Eyes Low-Cost Radar Satellite Constellation." 2 Jun. 1997, 341-342.

Anselmo, Joseph C. "U.S., Allied Collaboration Urged for Intel Satellites." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 4 Mar. 1996, 25.

Anselmo, Joseph C., and Philip J. Klass. "NRO Embraces Sigint Smallsats." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 29 Sep. 1997, 35.

Brown, Stuart F. "America's First Eyes in Space." Popular Science, Feb. 1996, 42-47.

Campbell, Duncan. "Hiding from the Spies in the Sky." The Guardian, 4 Jun. 1998. []

Over five years ago, retired CIA analyst Allen Thomson "wrote a detailed study showing how the US strategy of depending on a few, expensive satellites for reconnaissance was flawed.... Thomson warned that 'the presumption that reconnaissance satellites can operate covertly is obsolete'.... 'Tracking US reconnaissance satellites can provide valuable support to a hostile country's concealment and deception programmes,' says Thomson, echoing his words of five years ago." The Indian nuclear tests have "spectacularly vindicated" his warning.

Chien, Philip. "High Spies." Popular Mechanics, Feb. 1996, 47-51.

Covault, Craig.

1. "Advanced KH-11 Broadens U.S. Recon Capability." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 6 Jan. 1997, 24-25.

2. "Eavesdropping Satellite Parked Over Crisis Zone." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 18 May 1998, 30.

3. "Titan Explosion Destroys Secret 'Mercury' Sigint." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 17 Aug. 1998, 28.

Day, Dwayne A. "A Failed Phoenix: The KH-6 LANYARD Reconnaissance Satellite." Spaceflight 39, no. 5 (May 1997): 170-174.

Diamond, John M. "Problems and Prospects in U.S. Imagery Intelligence." National Security Studies Quarterly, Spring 1997.

The discussion is of U.S. space-based imagery intelligence.

Fulghum, David A., and Joseph C. Anselmo. "DARPA Pitches Small Sats for Tactical Reconnaissance." Aviation Week & Space Technology, Mar. 1998, 24.

Gaffney, Timothy R. "'Missile Gap' Was Myth: A Reconnaissance Expert Tells About a Super-Secret CIA Spy Operation." Dayton Daily News, 18 Mar. 1998, 1B, 2B.

Report on comments about Corona system made by Dino Brugioni in visit to and lecture at the U.S. Air Force Museum, 17 March 1998.

Hall, R.C. "Post War Strategic Reconnaissance and the Genesis of Project Corona." In Corona -- Between the Earth and the Sun: The First NRO Reconnaissance Eye in Space, ed. Robert A. McDonald, 25-58. Bethesda, MD: American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 1997.

Kimble, Kerry L. [LTCOL/USA] "CORONA: The First U.S. Photoreconnaissance Satellite." Military Intelligence 23, no. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1997): 46-49.

McDonald, Robert A. "Corona, Argon, and Lanyard: A Revolution for US Overhead Reconnaissance." In Corona -- Between the Earth and the Sun: The First NRO Reconnaissance Eye in Space, ed. Robert A. McDonald, 61-74. Bethesda, MD: American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 1997.

Pincus, Walter.

1. "Panel Set Up by CIA Recommends Building Smaller, Cheaper Spy Satellites." Washington Post, 30 Jun. 1996, A11.

2. "Smaller Spy Satellites May Give U.S. Stealth Capability Over Trouble Spots." Washington Post, 1 Feb. 1998, A9.

Some new generation satellites, beginning in 2003, "may be equipped with stealth technology so they cannot be tracked by radar, several sources said. But other sources doubt a way has been found to prevent detection of the satellites."

Robinson, Clarence A., Jr.

1. "Commercial Satellites Bolster National Intelligence Imagery." Signal, May 1997, 21 ff.

2. "Vital Spy Satellites Protect National Security Interests." Signal, Apr. 1997, 40-43.

Ruffner, Kevin C. "CORONA and the Intelligence Community: Declassification's Great Leap Forward." Studies in Intelligence 39, no. 5 (1996): 61-69.

Shulman, Seth. "Code Name: CORONA." Technology Review, Oct. 1996, 22-25, 28-32.

Sweetman, Bill. "Spies in the Sky." Popular Science, Apr. 1997, 42-48.

Wheelon, Albert D. ("Bud") "Corona: The First Reconnaissance Satellites." Physics Today, Feb. 1997, 24-30.


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