T - Z


Tart, Larry, and Robert Keefe. The Price of Vigilance: Attacks on American Surveillance Flights. New York: Ballantine, 2001.

Jonkers, AFIO WIN 25-01 (24 Jun. 2001), views this as an "excellent book that fills a hole in the literature of Cold War -- and still ongoing -- intelligence reconnaissance missions." The authors, former crew members on airborne electronic surveillance missions, bring "to life the risks and sacrifices, the diplomatic furor that erupted after shootdowns, the grief and frustration of the families. The centerpiece is the shootdown of the USAF C130 over Armenia in 1958, with no survivors."

For Bath, NIPQ 17.4, the authors also provide "a helpful compendium of attacks o[n] US Navy and Air Force reconnaissance aircraft in the 1950s and 1960s." The book is "somewhat lengthy and highly detailed," but "there is much to appeal ... to those intrigued by the history of airborne SIGINT."

Taubman, Philip. Secret Empire: Eisenhower, the CIA, and the Hidden Story of America's Space Espionage. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003.

Umansky, Washington Post, 16 Mar. 2003, comments that the story of how scientists broke through the barriers to reconnaissance from space "could make for a fascinating tale. But Secret Empire isn't it. Taubman ... is not a lively writer. And ... the book's characters blend into one -- an overachieving, patriotic man who loves flying.... [T]he book is mostly small-bore, resolutely sticking to a step-by-tiny-step history of the program. Frequently, the only obvious point seems to be to get it all down.... The result ... is often something only a satellite buff, or perhaps a product manager, could love."

The reviewer for Publishers Weekly, 17 Feb. 2003, has a different view, calling Taubman's work an "exciting, meticulously researched spy story.... [It] functions marvelously as a history of science, detailing the research, engineering and policy decisions behind the U2 and Corona, but it's also an excellent social history of the Cold War in the 1950s and early '60s. It's a page-turner as well."

Freedman, FA 82.3 (May-Jun. 2003), finds that "Taubman provides a wealth of detail..., based on many interviews and copious research. He weaves together complex strategic, organizational, and engineering issues, managing to convey the drama and excitement of a race to find some way of getting consistent and reliable intelligence on Soviet nuclear missiles at a time when the United States was widely assumed to be falling behind."

For Mahnken, NWCR 57.1, this "history of the strategic issues, politics, personalities, and technologies that drove the development of America's extraordinary space reconnaissance capability ... does a splendid job of interpreting the significance of the technical problems encountered and the brilliant ingenuity of the solutions." The author is "attuned to the importance of the enabling technologies and brings their role and impact to the reader’s understanding."

Day, IJI&C 17.4 (Winter 2004-2005), finds that this work is "[r]eadable and [provides] a decent overview of the subject.... But it is not original. It contains no information that could not be found in books written several years ago.... [In addition,] the book does not advance a more knowledgeable person's understanding of what happened during this period."

To Robarge, Studies 48.1, the author "has filled the 'if you read only one book on the subject, this is it' category. Secret Empire is an accessible, thorough (but not definitive) synthesis for the general reader." Bath, NIPQ 19.3, "strongly" recommends this work "to layman and specialist alike." Although the work "adds little new or startling to reconnaissance history," it pulls together "the many strands of the story into one coherent and highly readable volume."

Thornborough, Anthony M. Spy Planes and Other Reconnaissance Aircraft. New York: Arms and Armour Press via Sterling Press, 1991.

Tomlinson, William B. "Chinese Industry from the Air." Studies in Intelligence 11, no. 2 (Spring 1967): 37-50.

The "almost complete blackout of information" from China following the collapse of the Great Leap Forward in 1961 "would have left the economic-industrial intelligence officer quite desperate had it not been for the arrival on the scene of daring Chinese Nationalist pilots flying used U-2 aircraft." See also, Associated Press, "Taiwanese Spy Plane Pilots Honored for Perilous Cold War Missions," International Herald Tribune, 4 Jul. 2007; and Benjamin Yeh, "Taiwan's Cold War Spy Pilots Reveal Secret Missions," AFP, 23 Aug. 2010.

U.S. News and World Report. "Special Report: Secrets of the Cold War." 15 Mar. 1993.

Cover Story: Douglas Stanglin, Susan Headden, and Peter Cary, pp. 30-36 (sidebar: "Lawyer and Patriot: The Man Who Kept the Files," p. 36 [Sam Klaus]). Report, by Stanglin, Headden, and Cary, "Flights of the Ferrets," pp. 41-52 (sidebars: "Scorecard: Flights and Missions," by Cary; "Radar Net: Moscow's Northern Exposure," by Cary and Stanglin"; "Mind Games: A Raven Remembers"; and "Air Raids: Trial Balloons and Trouble," p. 52). Report, by Stanglin (in Moscow) and Sergei Kunetsov (in Povarnya), "A New Look at the U-2 Case," pp. 54-55. Report, by Headden, "Death in the Family: In Search of the Truth," p. 56.

van de Aart, D. Aerial Espionage: Secret Intelligence Flights by East and West. New York: Prentice Hall, 1985.

Walker, Martin. The Cold War: A History. New York: Henry Holt, 1994. [New York]: Owl Books, [1995]. [pb]

Wall, Robert. "Signit Upgrades Nearing Deployment." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 15 Nov. 1999, 98-99.

Signals intelligence upgrade for Rivet Joints.

Welzenbach, Donald E., and Nancy Galyean. "Those Daring Young Men and Their Ultra-High-Flying Machines." Studies in Intelligence 31, no. 3 (Fall 1987): 103-115.

Wheelon, Albert D. "And the Truth Shall Keep You Free: Recollections by the First Deputy Director of Science and Technology." Studies in Intelligence 39, no. 1 (Spring 1995): 73-78.

Yeh, Benjamin. "Taiwan's Cold War Spy Pilots Reveal Secret Missions." AFP, 23 Aug. 2010. []

Taiwanese pilots of the 35th "Black Cats" Squadron flew U-2 airplanes over China from 1961 until 1974. Their activities "made the squadron a key element in the intelligence relationship between the US government and Taiwan's Nationalist rulers." See also, Associated Press, "Taiwanese Spy Plane Pilots Honored for Perilous Cold War Missions," International Herald Tribune, 4 Jul. 2007; and William B. Tomlinson, "Chinese Industry from the Air," Studies in Intelligence 11, no. 2 (Spring 1967): 37-50.

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