Pedlow & Welzenbach Table of Contents

The "construction [of the U-2] was a triumph of faith and determination on the part of its brilliant creator, Kelly Johnson of Lockheed, who subordinated everything to a single overriding goal: flying higher than man had ever flown before." Michael Dobbs, "Into Thin Air," Washington Post, 26 Oct. 2003, W14. []

Pedlow, Gregory W., and Donald E. Welzenbach.

1. The Central Intelligence Agency and Overhead Reconnaissance: The U-2 and OXCART Programs, 1954-1974. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 1992.

This study was written in the 1980s as a CIA internal history. Robarge: "Chapter 6 on OXCART declassified October 2004."

2, The CIA and the U2 Program, 1954-1974. Washington, DC: History Staff, Center for the Study of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency, 1998. ["Synopsis" and 9.48 mb PDF file available at]


From "Synopsis": "The product of a remarkable collaboration between the Central Intelligence Agency, the United States Air Force, Lockheed Corporation, and other suppliers, the U-2 collected intelligence that revolutionized American intelligence analysis of the Soviet threat. Although the U-2 has been one of America's best known intelligence achievements, significant aspects of the U-2's story have remained unknown outside the US Government. This volume tells much of that story in a clear and engaging manner, providing a fuller context for understanding some of the most dangerous moments of the Cold War. The U-2 stands as a monument to the many ways in which intelligence has upheld the security of the United States and furthered the possibilities for peace around the world."

Table of Contents



Chapter 1: Searching for a System

Chapter 2: Developing the U-2

Chapter 3: U-2 Operations in the Soviet Bloc and Middle East, 1956- 1958

Chapter 4: The Final Overflights of the Soviet Union, 1959-1960

Chapter 5: U-2 Operations After May 1960

Chapter 7: Conclusion

Appendix A: Acronyms

Appendix B: Key Personnel

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