Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Generally

Erwin, Marshall Curtis. Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Acquisition: Issues for Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 16 Apr. 2013. Available at:

"ISR issues will continue to be an area of concern for the 113th Congress, especially in light of the lack of a long-term investment strategy and the pending impact of sequestration.... [DNI] James Clapper [has] indicated that sequestration would delay major systems acquisition and require older reconnaissance systems to be decommissioned. The DNI and the President’s FY2014 budget request indicated an effort to protect the intelligence community workforce, suggesting that hard choices in response to budget cuts will focus on ISR systems and other expensive collection platforms."

Montgomery, Joanna A., ed. Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance: Acquisitions, Policies and Defense Oversight. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2011.

Peake, Studies 56.3 (Sep. 2012), notes that "[t]hree government-produced articles comprise the entirety of this book." All of "the articles may be downloaded from the Internet at no cost," while "the cost of the hardbound edition from Amazon is $125.00."

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