American Intelligence Journal

"Reconnaissance Intelligence"

American Intelligence Journal. "Reconnaissance Intelligence." 19, nos. 3 & 4 (1999-2000): Entire issue.


1. Roy K. Jonkers, "Editor's Prologue," iii.

2. Keith R. Hall, "The National Reconnaissance Office -- Freedom's Sentinal in Space," 1-12.

The Director/NRO and Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Space gives a general overview of the NRO's past, present, and future.

3. Thomas Behling and Kenneth McGruther, "Planning Satellite Reconnaissance to Support Military Operations," 13-21. [Reprint from Studies in Intelligence, Winter 1998-1999, 113-121.]

Given the "design and development lead-times" required for satellites, "by the time the military determines intelligence requirements to support its new doctrine [Joint Vision 2010], it may be too late to influence decisions about the very intelligence support systems upon which the doctrine depends."

4. Jeffrey Harris, "Satellite Commercial Remote Sensing -- The Sum of the Parts Is a Greater Whole," 23-28.

The author is a former NRO Director and current president of Space Imaging, Inc. "The job for industry is to continue to harness [new] technology to provide cost-effective solutions to meet the real world problems of our global customers, commercial, civil and federal."

5. Herbert Kemp [COL/USAF] and Michael Grebb [COL/USAFR], "Air Force Surveillance and Reconnaissance: Conducting Information Operations in a Volatile World," 29-35.

"This article focuses on the 'gain and exploit' elements of information operations and addresses the tools the Air Force employs to support commanders' information needs."

6. Al Griffith [COL/USA (Ret.)], "Army Airborne Reconnaissance ... Achieving the Electronic High Ground," 37-44.

7. J.H. "Scot" Crerar [COL/USA (Ret.)], "Long Range Dismounted Reconnaissance: Some Perceptions," 45-52.

8. Sherry Sontag and Christopher Drew, "Blind Man's Bluff: A Submarine Reconnaissance Story," 53-62.

This piece on the USS Gudgeon's brush with the Soviets in 1957 is part of Chapter 2 of Blind Man's Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage (New York: Public Affairs, 1998).

9. R. Cargill Hall, "From Concept to National Policy: Strategic Reconnaissance in the Cold War," 63-75. [Fuller version (with footnotes) carried in NARA's Prologue 28, no. 2 (Summer 1996).]

The author traces strategic reconnaissance from the birth of the Air Force through the U-2, with particular emphasis on the contributions of Richard Leghorn in the 1940s and early 1950s.

10. Eugene S. Poteat,"The OXCART Tale: ELINT and Stealth," 77-80. [Also appears in Intelligencer 10, no. 3 (Dec. 1999): 10-13.]

This article combines the story of the effort to assess the stealth capability of the CIA's OXCART with a fascinating discussion of some ELINT tricks against Soviet radars.

11. John Morris, "The Nature and Applications of Measurement and Signature Intelligence," 81-84.

The author is Director, Central MASINT Organization.

12. Kenneth J. Campbell, "Lt. General Samuel V. Wilson: Extraordinary Intelligence Officer," 85-92. [Also appears in Defense Intelligence Journal 8, no. 2 (1999): 81-94.]

Wilson headed the DIA from May 1976 to August 1977.

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