O - Z

O'Brien, Kevin A., and Joseph Nusbaum, "Intelligence Gathering on Asymmetric Threats - Part One." Jane's Intelligence Review 12, no. 10 (Oct. 2000): 50-55.

O'Halpin, Eunan, Robert Armstrong, and Jane Ohlmeyer, eds.  Intelligence, Statecraft and International Power: Historical Studies XXV. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2006.

According to Peake, Studies 52.1 (Mar. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), this work contains 15 of the papers presented in 2005 at "a conference at Trinity College in Dublin on intelligence from ancient to contemporary times.... Seven articles discuss the history of Irish intelligence over four centuries, a fascinating topic little reported in literature.... The broad historical perspective of this volume on what works and what does not in intelligence will be of value to students of the profession as they search for answers to today's intelligence problems."

Skelly, IJI&C 21.4 (Winter 2008-2009), finds that "[w]hile this collection's assessment of intelligence in Ireland is timely, an added benefit is its comparative framework.... Another advantage is its extended timeframe."

Owen, David.

1. Espionage: The New Truths of the Spymasters. New York: Reader's Digest, 2006.

2. Hidden Secrets: A Complete History of Espionage and the Technology Used to Support It. Toronto: Firefly Books, 2002.

Peake, Studies 47.4 (2003), finds that the author's "big picture is accurate, but the details in many cases are not.... As a brief introduction to the topic of espionage, Hidden Secrets will be of value to those seeking a general overview, but it is far from the 'Complete History' indicated in the sub-title, and all facts should be checked with other sources before being accepted."

For Kruh, Cryptologia 27.1 and 28.4, this work is a "fascinating overview of the history of espionage that examines the art and science of intelligence gathering by government and military organizations as well as the complex security measures put in place to keep secrets safe from prying eyes.... A very attractive feature of this book is the hundreds of color photographs and illustrations."

Taylor, Booklist (via Amazon.com), notes that this book "is aimed at those who are fascinated with intelligence but as yet unfamiliar with its techniques, strategies, and equipment. Owen divides his subject up according to standard sources of secret information: human agents, coded or enciphered transmissions, electronic emissions, and overhead reconnaissance."

Raman, B. Intelligence: Past, Present and Future. New Delhi: Lancer, 2002.

Peake, Studies 52.1 (Mar. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), says that the author "presents a survey of Indian intelligence from colonial times ... to the present.... His approach is topical, covering all elements of modern intelligence." This "is a text book by an experienced intelligence officer who certainly understands the fundamental elements of the profession and provides a framework for successful operations, not only in India, but in any democratic society."

Riordan, Barrett J. "The Mathematics of O'Brien's Principle: An Invitation to Quantification." Intelligence and National Security 18, no. 3 (Autumn 2003): 168-173.

"The quantitative management sciences provide a model that can be readily applied to intelligence functions."

Scott, Len, and R. Gerald Hughes. "Intelligence, Crises and Security: Lessons from History?" Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 5 (Oct. 2006): 653-674.

This article is primarily stagesetting for the other articles included in this edited volume. Nonetheless, the authors make a number of salient points, including the observation that for critics in the United States, "intelligence is an ingredient in, as well as cover for, more fundamental failings of political leadership and policy-making."

Scott, Len V., and R. Gerald Hughes, eds.

1. "Special Issue on 'Intelligence, Crises and Security: Prospects and Retrospects.'" Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 5 (Oct. 2006): entire issue.

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2. Intelligence, Crises and Security: Prospects and Retrospects. New York: Routledge, 2008.

Clark comment: This book consists of articles originally published in Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 5 (Oct. 2006). Peake, Studies 52.2 (Jun. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), comments that "[w]hat is missing from this collection is a summary chapter that relates the articles to the overall aim or theme." For Goodman, I&NS 27.4 (Aug. 2012), the chapters in this work "are good, and they all attempt (sometimes obliquely) to refer" to the role that the intelligence community can play in crises.

Shukman, Harold, ed. Agents for Change: Intelligence Services in the 21st Century. London: St. Ermin's, 2000.

Søilen, Klaus Solberg. Introduction to Private and Public Intelligence: The Swedish School of Competitive Intelligence. Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2005.

From "Preface": This "book is not about state and military intelligence, and it is not about the history of intelligence.... The book is primarily about private intelligence." (pp. 7-8)

Soutou, George-Henri, Jacques Frémeaux, and Olivier Forcade, eds. L'Exploitation de renseignement en Europe et États-Unis des années 1930 aux années 1960. [The Exploitation of Intelligence in Europe and the United States from the 1930s to the 1960s] Paris: Economica, 2001. [Kahn, I&NS 23.2 (Apr. 2008)]

Stempel, John D. "The Impact of Religion on Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 18, no. 2 (Summer 2005): 280-295.

Without rejecting the need for organizational reform, the author suggests that a greater understanding of the role of religion by those responsible for meeting intelligence, diplomatic, or military needs might make such reform "less critical."

Sullivan, Brian R. "Intelligence and Counter-Terrorism: A Clausewitzian-Historical Analysis." Journal of Intelligence History 3, no. 1 (Summer 2003). [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/previous.html]

From abstract: "Clausewitz' seeming rejection of the value of intelligence applies only on the tactical level. When he wrote, the speedy and accurate transmission of information was rare, making battlefield use problematic. Technological developments ... since Clausewitz' experience with war have largely ... eliminated such communications defects. Nonetheless, the effective application of intelligence still depends not so much on technological as on human factors, especially interagency cooperation, good leadership and political resolve."

Taylor, Stan A., ed. "Special Issue on Spying in Film and Fiction." Intelligence and National Security 23, no. 1 (Feb. 2008): entire issue.

Todd, Paul, and Jonathan Bloch. Global Intelligence: The World's Secret Services Today. London: Zed Books, 2003.

Peake, Studies 49.1 (2005), notes that the authors "assume that the end of the Cold War left intelligence agencies scrambling for work, never realizing that the mission finds the agency, not the other way around." Nevertheless, this book "presents ideas and alternative views worth consideration."

Treverton, Gregory F., and Wilhelm Agrell, eds. National Intelligence Systems: Current Research and Future Prospects. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

From publisher: This work "explores intelligence from an intellectual perspective, not an organizational one."

Walker, Graham F., ed. The Search for WMD: Non-Proliferation, Intelligence and Pre-emption in the New Security Environment. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Dalhousie University Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, 2006.

Peake, Studies 52.3 (Sep. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.2 (Fall 2008), finds that the analysis in the 25 articles included here "is generally fair and insightful." The collection offers "viewpoints from outside the Intelligence Community."

Wark, Wesley K., ed. "Special Issue on Twenty-First Century Intelligence" Intelligence and National Security 18, no. 4 (Winter 2003): entire issue.

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Williams, Robert V., and Ben-Ami Lipetz, eds.  Covert and Overt: Recollecting and Connecting Intelligence Service and Information Science. Medford, NJ: Information Today, 2005. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2005.

According to Brooks, NIPQ 22.2 (Apr. 2006), this "is a collection of articles and recollections of members [of the American Society for Information Science and Technology] who have served at one time in the Intelligence field and subsequently have made careers as librarians, computer scientists, and other fields related to the structured process of storing and retrieving data.... Many of the articles are 'sea stories', but there are also serious reflections on the application of the information science to the intelligence profession."

Peake, Studies 50.4 (2006) and Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), comments that although some of its material is outdated, the book is "[g]ently thought provoking." For Kleppinger, DIJ 16.2 (2007), "this book offers a unique collation of perspectives on how intelligence agencies have managed information in the past." However, it "suffers from deficits of contemporaneousness, unevenness, and poor structure."

Wyman, Janet. Secrets, Lies, Gizmos, and Spies: A History of Spies and Espionage. New York: Abrams Books for Young Readers, 2006.

This work was published in conjunction with the International Spy Museum in Washington, DC, and is targeted at the 9-12 age group. Engberg, Booklist (via Amazon.com), comments that "[h]eavily illustrated pages introduce legendary spies through the ages, the techniques of the trade, and glossaries of terms, including spy agencies around the world.... The format is jumbled, with references sometimes appearing pages before they are fully explained, and there are no source notes or index to support the text."

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