Materials presented in chronological order..

CNN. "U.S. Official: Accused American in Pakistan a CIA Contractor." 21 Feb. 2011. [http://www.cnn.com]

Raymond Davis, the "American accused of shooting and killing two Pakistani men in January[,] is an independent contractor to the CIA who provided security for U.S. officials, a U.S. official said" on 21 February 2011. "While acknowledging that Davis is a CIA contractor, the U.S. official said that Davis is not a case officer or paramilitary officer." See also, Mark Mazzetti, et al., "American Held in Pakistan Worked With C.I.A.," New York Times, 21 Feb. 2011; and Greg Miller, "U.S. Officials: Raymond Davis, Accused in Pakistan Shootings, Worked for CIA," Washington Post, 21 Feb. 2011.

Gannon, Kathy, and Adam Goldman. "Pakistan's Intelligence Ready to Split with CIA." Associated Press, 24 Feb. 2011. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Pakistan's ISI spy agency is ready to split with the CIA because of frustration over what it calls heavy-handed pressure and its anger over what it believes is a covert U.S. operation involving hundreds of contract spies, according to a document obtained by The Associated Press and interviews with U.S. and Pakistani officials."

VOA News. "Pakistan Extends Term of Spy Chief." 12 Mar. 2011. [http://www.voanews.com]

Pakistani Defense Minister Ahmad Mukhtar told reporters on 12 March 2011 that "the government will extend the term of Lieutenant General Ahmad Shuja Pasha at the Inter Services Intelligence agency" (ISI). See Masood Salman, "Spy Chief's Tenure Is Extended in Pakistan," New York Times, 2 Apr. 2011.

Gall, Carlotta, and Mark Mazzetti. "Hushed Deal Frees C.I.A. Contractor in Pakistan." New York Times, 16 Mar. 2011. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Raymond A. Davis, the CIA security officer jailed for killing two Pakistanis in Lahore, was released on 16 March 2011 "after weeks of secret negotiations between American and Pakistani officials, a pledge of millions of dollars in 'blood money' to the victims' families, and quiet political pressure by Pakistani officials on the courts.... Lawyers for the families and Pakistani officials said the total compensation was about $2.3 million." Davis "was immediately flown out of the country to Kabul, Afghanistan." See also, Greg Miller, "CIA contractor Raymond Davis Freed after 'Blood Money' Payment by U.S.," Washington Post, 16 Mar. 2011.

Miller, Greg, and Karen DeYoung. "Pakistan Threatens to Impose New Restrictions on CIA Activities." Washington Post, 11 Apr. 2011. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to a senior Pakistani official, at a meeting on 11 Apri 2011 with CIA Director Leon Panetta, the head of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) directorate, Lt. Gen. Ahmed Shuja Pasha, "asked the CIA for a complete list of its employees and contractors in Pakistan and made clear that some may be asked to leave.... The Pakistanis also said that they wanted a reduction in the number of Predator strikes and more timely information about intended targets before attacks are launched."

Calabresi, Massimo. "CIA Chief Breaks Silence: Pakistan Would Have Jeopardized bin Laden Raid, 'Impressive' Intel Captured." Time, 3 May 2011. [http://swampland.time.com]

"In his first interview since commanding the mission to kill Osama bin Laden, CIA chief Leon Panetta tells TIME that U.S. officials feared that Pakistan could have undermined the operation by leaking word to its targets. Long before Panetta ordered Vice Admiral William McRaven, head of the Joint Special Forces Command, to undertake the mission..., the CIA had been gaming out how to structure the raid."

Brulliard, Karin, and Greg Miller. "Pakistanis Disclose Name of CIA Operative." Washington Post, 9 May 2011. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

The public naming of the CIA station chief in Islamabad is threatening "to deepen the rift between the United States and Pakistan, with U.S. officials saying they believed the disclosure had been made deliberately by Pakistan's main spy agency," the Inter-Services Intelligence agency (ISI). The "station chief's name was first aired by a private Pakistani television station on [6 May 2011], and a misspelled version of the name was published the next day in the Nation newspaper, which is considered close to the security establishment." See also, Jane Perlez, "Leak of C.I.A. Officer Name Is Sign of Rift With Pakistan," New York Times, 9 May 2011.

Brulliard, Karin, and Shaiq Hussain. "Pakistani Spy Chief Offers to Resign." Washington Post, 13 May 2011. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

In testimony at a private session of Parliament on 13 May 2011, Lt. Gen. Ahmed Shuja Pasha, head of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence directorate, offered to resign "amid public outrage over the U.S. operation that killed Osama bin Laden."

Miller, Greg, and Karen DeYoung. "CIA to Search bin Laden Compound." Washington Post, 26 May 2011. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to U.S. officials, Pakistan will "allow the CIA to send a forensics team to examine the compound where Osama bin Laden was killed." The agency will "use sophisticated equipment in a search for al-Qaeda materials that may have been hidden inside walls or buried at the site." Officials said that "CIA Deputy Director Michael J. Morell negotiated access to the ... site during a trip to Islamabad last week," when he met with ISI head Lt. Gen. Ahmed Shuja Pasha. The CIA will also "examine materials that Pakistan's security forces hauled away from the compound." In turn, the CIA has asked the ISI "for assistance in analyzing some of the records that were seized and brought to a CIA document exploitation facility in Northern Virginia."

Cloud, David S. "Pakistan Shuts Down U.S. 'Intelligence Fusion' Cells." Los Angeles Times, 27 May 2011. [http://www.latimes.com]

According to U.S. officials, Islamabad has told the United States "to reduce the number of U.S. troops" in Pakistan "and has moved to close three military intelligence liaison centers," known as intelligence fusion cells. There are two such cells in Peshawar and one in Quetta. They "are the main conduits for the United States to share satellite imagery, target data and other intelligence with Pakistani ground forces conducting operations against militants." U.S. special operations units have relied on the facilities ... "to help coordinate operations on both sides of the border." The units are "being withdrawn from all three sites, the officials said, and the centers are being shut down."

Schmitt, Eric, and Mark Mazzetti. "Pakistan Arrests C.I.A. Informants in Bin Laden Raid." New York Times, 14 Jun. 2011. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to American officials, Pakistan's top military spy agency has arrested "five C.I.A. informants, including a Pakistani Army major who officials said copied the license plates of cars visiting Bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, in the weeks before the raid" that led to the death of Osama bin Laden. "The fate of the C.I.A. informants arrested in Pakistan is unclear, but American officials said that the C.I.A. director, Leon E. Panetta, raised the issue when he travelled to Islamabad last week to meet with Pakistani military and intelligence officers."

Dozier, Kimberly, and Munir Ahmed. "AP Sources: Pakistan Issues Dozens of CIA Visas." Associated Press, 22 Jun 2011. [http://www.associatedpress.com]

"Pakistan has issued more than three dozen visas to CIA officers as part of confidence-building measures following the U.S. raid that killed ... Osama bin Laden and humiliated Pakistan, officials from both countries" said on 22 June 2011.... The CIA officers would be part of an expanded joint counterterrorism force in Pakistan focused on hunting terrorism suspects."

Miller, Greg, and Julie Tate. "Al-Qaeda's No. 2 :Leader Is Killed in Pakistan, U.S. Officials Say." Washington Post, 27 Aug. 2011. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to U.S. officials, Atiyah Abd al-Rahman, Al-Qaeda's second in command, "was killed last week" in Waziristan, Pakistan, "by a CIA drone strike.... A Pakistani intelligence official in the North Waziristan region said four missiles had been fired in the ... drone strike, two at a vehicle and two at the guest house of a tribal leader." See also Mark Mazzetti, "C.I.A. Drone Is Said to Kill Al Qaeda's No. 2," New York Times, 27 Aug. 2011.

Leiby, Richard, and Karen DeYoung. "Pakistan Names New Spymaster." Washington Post, 9 Mar. 2012. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 9 March 2012, "Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani announced ... that Karachi-based Lt. Gen. Zaheer ul-Islam will head Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), replacing Lt. Gen. Ahmed Shuja Pasha, who has led the agency since 2008."

Leiby, Richard, and Karen DeYoung. "U.S. Drone Strikes Resume in Pakistan; Action May Complicate Vital Negotiations." Washington Post, 29 Apr. 2012. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 29 April 2012, "CIA drone missiles hit militant targets in Pakistan ... for the first time in a month." The strikes "killed four al-Qaeda-linked fighters in a girls' school they had taken over in the North Waziristan tribal area, security officials there said." In a statement, Pakistan "called the attacks illegal and 'violative of its territorial integrity and sovereignty.'"

Robertson, Nic, and Greg Botelho. "Ex-Pakistani President Musharraf Admits Secret Deal with U.S. on Drone Strikes." CNN, 12 Apr. 2013. [http://www.cnn.com]

In an interview this week in Islamabad, "[e]x-Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf acknowledged his government secretly signed off on U.S. drone strikes, the first time a top past or present Pakistani official has admitted publicly to such a deal."

Boone, Jon. "Pakistan Appoints Rizwan Akhtar to Head Intelligence Agency." The Guardian (London), 22 Sep. 2014. [http://www.theguardian.com]

It was announced on 22 September 2014 that Rizwan Akhtar has been named director general of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence directorate (ISI). Akhtar's move to the ISI "comes after more than a year leading the struggle against Taliban militants and criminal gangs in Karachi.... Adding to his background in counter-insurgency he also served in South Waziristan during an operation launched in 2009 against militants ... in the tribal agency bordering Afghanistan."

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