South Korea


Included here:

1. Through World War II

2. 1945 - 1999

3. 2000 - Present

1. Through World War II

Esselstrom, Erik W. "Japanese Police and Korean Resistance in Prewar China: The Problem of Legal Legitimacy and Local Collaboration." Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 3 (Jun. 2006): 342-363.

Tells the "story of Japanese police activity in prewar China and a failed attempt to employ local collaborators in the suppression of anti-Japanese organizations operating within Chinese territory during the ealry 1920s."

2. 1945 - 1999

Ball, Desmond J. Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) in South Korea. Canberra: Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, 1995.

Boettcher, Robert B., and G.L. Freedman. Gifts of Deceit: Sun Myung Moon, Tongsun Park and the Korean Scandal. New York: Holt, 1980.

Wilcox: "Korean CIA agent buys influence in US."

Choe Sang-Hun. "New S. Korean President Dismisses Most of Spy Agency's Senior Officials." Washington Times, 25 Mar. 1998, A13.

Counterintelligence News and Developments. "Old Wine in New Bottles." Mar. 1999. [http://www.nacic.gov]

"According to open-source reporting, the name of South Korea's spy agency was changed to the National Intelligence Service (NIS)" on 22 January 1999. "The change was apparently made to dispel the agency's former tarnished image as a political tool of repression. Originally known as the KCIA, it then became the Agency for National Security Planning (ANSP), which was shortened to just NSP."

Counterintelligence News and Developments. "South Korea Informal Technology Aquisitions." 2 (Jun. 1998). [http://www.ncix.gov/nacic/news/1998/jun98.htm#toc]

"South Korea is responding to economic difficulties by increasing its efforts to obtain foreign proprietary technology via indirect channels, according to Seoul media reports."

Economist. Editors. "Asia: The Secret in Room 529." 9 Jan. 1999, 37.

ProQuest Abstract: "When he became president a year ago, Kim Dae Jong vowed to put an end to political surveillance [in South Korea]. But his opponents are not sure that he has."

Jonkers, Roy K. [COL/USAF (Ret.)] "Korean Intelligence Agency Leadership Changes." AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes 9 (10 Mar. 1998). [http://www.his.com/afio]

South Korea's new President, Kim Dae-jung, has "appointed key aides to top security positions" and simultaneously begun "a purge of the KCIA" and changed the name of the Korean service to the "Agency for National Security Planning" (ANSP). (Washington Times, 9 Mar. 1998, A16; Inside China Today, 26 Jan. 1998.)

Kristof, Nicholas D. "Seoul Said to Foil Spy Ring for North that Included a Top Scholar." New York Times, 21 Nov. 1997, A7.

Moran, Jonathan. "The Role of Security Services in Democratization: An Analysis of South Korea's Agency for National Security Planning." Intelligence and National Security 13, no. 4 (Winter 1998): 1-32.

The author suggests that in South Korea "intelligence agency operation [i]s embedded in society, and in certain political imperatives and perceptions." (emphasis in original)

U.S. Department of State. Office of the Historian. Gen. ed., Edward C. Keefer. Foreign Relations of the United States, 1969-1976.

Volume XIX, Part 1. Korea, 1969-1972. Eds., Daniel J. Lawler and Erin R. Mahan. Washington, DC: GPO, 2010. 2010. [Available at: http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1969-76v19p1/media/pdf/frus1969-76v19p1.pdf]

3. 2000 - Present

Born, Hans, Loch K. Johnson, and Ian Leigh, eds. Who's Watching the Spies? Establishing Intelligence Service Accountability. Dulles, VA: Potomac, 2005.

From publisher: The authors "examine the strengths and weaknesses of the intelligence systems of Argentina, Canada, Germany, Norway, Poland, South Africa, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States."

Peake, Studies 50.2 (2006), comments that "[t]he experiences of each nation provide an interesting mosaic of desired goals and problems of implementation.... It is a timely topic and worth the attention of all those who must deal with these issues everyday as well as the general public whose civil rights are affected when oversight is too robust or inadequate." To Jacoby, DIJ 16.2 (2007), this work "succeeds greatly as an informative source on the workings of current intelligence oversight systems." However, "[t]he reader is left wanting recommendations and commentary on the ethics of intelligence oversight."

For Winn, Parameters, Summer 2006, this "valuable contribution ... addresses the central criteria that should be taken into account by any nation or international organization that hopes to place intelligence agencies under democratic supervision.... [T]he objectives are to ensure that intelligence and security agencies are insulated from political abuse, but not isolated from executive governance."

Brown, I&NS 21.6 (Dec. 2006), finds this work to be "a diappointment. Most of the material is dry and sometimes soporific. It is also biased toward the advocates of intelligence accountability," in that the "essays all address the positives of such a program, but not the negatives.... A debate format would have been much more appropriate..., and could have easily been accomplished by excluding numerous irrelevant and tedious essays."

CNN. "South Korean Spymaster Criticized for Stepping into the Limelight." 3 Sep. 2007. [http://www.cnn.com]

South Koreans were surprised when National Intelligence Service chief Kim Man-bok turned up in Afghanistan in late August, "saying he directed negotiations with Taliban militants to gain the release of 19 captive South Koreans." He is now "facing harsh criticism for allegedly performing his duties too much in the public eye."

Cochran, Edwin S. "South Korea's Intelligence Targets U.S. Technology." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 16, no. 2 (Summer 2003): 179-201.

"The Korean government has developed and implemented a structured, systemic approach for the acquisition of sensitive economic information and 'indirect' transfers of technology from U.S. sources."

Sim, William. "South Korea President Changes Security, Police Chiefs." Bloomberg, 18 Jan. 2009. [http://www.bloomberg.com]

South Korea's President Lee Myung Bak has "named Won Sei Hoon, currently the minister of Public Administration and Security, as the head of the National Intelligence Service, the presidential office said in a statement" on 18 January 2009.

Jung Sung-ki. "Spy Agency to Strengthen Anti-Espionage Activities." Korea Times, 18 Feb. 2008. [http://www.koreatimes.co.kr]

Officials said on 18 February 2008 that "President-elect Lee Myung-bak's transition team is pushing ahead with overhauling the roles and missions" of the National Intelligence Service (NIS) "to help it strengthen activities in collecting intelligence on North Korea.... The incoming government will also streamline the agency drastically, replacing some 30 senior members, they said."

Reuters. 26 Mar. 2003. [http://www.reuters.com]

On 26 March 2003, South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun named Ko Young-koo to head the National Intelligence Service. Ko is a former human rights lawyer who headed the Lawyers for a Democratic Society group to which Roh also belonged. "South Korean officials say the new chief's brief is to carry out a radical overhaul, but the details are not yet clear."

Yonhap News Agency. "Incoming Gov't to Rebuild Role of Intelligence Service." 5 Jan. 2008. [http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr]

Officials from the presidential transition team said on 5 January 2008 that "[t]he incoming government plans to transform the country's intelligence service into a world-class spy agency that can aid national decision-making.... Rep. Chin Soo-hee, who heads the transition team's political affairs panel,... said that the stature of the NIS will be upgraded under the new administration, so the NIS can join the ranks of other first-rate intelligence services like the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency."

Yonhap News Agency. "Opposition Party Demands Sacking Intelligence Chief ." 15 Jul. 2007. [http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr]

On 15 July 2007, South Korea's main opposition party "demanded an apology from President Roh Moo-hyun over the accessing of real estate records of a leading presidential contender by the national intelligence agency." The party "also called upon Roh to sack Kim Man-bok, chief of the National Intelligence Service (NIS), claiming the NIS operated a task force to monitor the political activities of Lee Myung-bak, the former Seoul mayor, over the past three years."

Yoo Cheong-mo. "Roh Accepts Disgraced Spy Chief's Resignation." Yonhap News Agency, 11 Feb. 2008. [http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr]

On 11 February 2008, South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun "accepted the resignation of spy agency chief Kim Man-bok, who has been accused of leaking classified inter-Korean documents to the media, presidential spokesperson Cheon Ho-seon said."

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