North Korea

Bermudez, Joseph S., Jr. "A New Emphasis on Operations Against South Korea." 38 North. Baltimore, MD: U.S.-Korea Institute at SAIS, Johns Hopkins University, 11 Jun. 2010. Available at: http://38north.org/2010/06/a-new-emphasis-on-operations-against-south-korea/.

"During the past twenty years, North Korea's intelligence and internal security community's organization has undergone numerous changes, most designed to secure the power and position of Kim Chong-il and to deal with increasing levels of unrest and corruption within the civilian population and the military. Recent changes during 2009-2010 -- the most dramatic reorganization in years -- seem to have been implemented to unify all the intelligence and internal security services directly under the National Defense Commission (NDC) and to secure the position of Kim Chong-il's son, Kim Chong-un, as his successor."

Bermudez, Joseph.

1. North Korean Special Forces. London: Jane's. 1988. 2d ed. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1998.

Commenting on the second edition, Moran, I&NS 14.1, describes this work as "basically an excellent handbook for those dealing with or analysing the North Korean state's subversive capabilities. However for those with a more political or sociological bent it may be too limited, as the context is very narrow."

2. "North Korea's Intelligence Agencies and Infiltration Operations." Jane's Intelligence Review, Jun. 1991, 269-274.

Blancke, Stephan. "North Korean Intelligence Structures." North Korean Review 5, no. 2 (Fall 2009): 6-20.

"Mainly because of the disappearance of the former Eastern Bloc as well as for economic reasons, the DPRK intelligence agencies have to seek cooperation with structures and organizations that can be labeled 'sub-intelligence': these include the gray market of information brokers, commercial intelligence firms, organized crime and its access to information or the right people, private security organizations, and information technology firms, as well as other people who are able and willing to hack into databases and computer networks."

Blancke, Stephan, and Jens Rosenke. "Blut ist dicker als Wasser. Die chinesisch-nordkoreanische Militär und Geheimdienstkooperation." [Blood Is Thicker than Water. Military and Intelligence Cooperation Between China and North Korea] Z Außen Sicherheitspolit 4 (2011): 263-294.

From Abstract: Although "there has been a sharp drop-off in bilateral armaments cooperation" betwween the PRC and the DPRK, "intelligence cooperation is persistent and intensive, notably in the realm of signals intelligence and in infiltrating political opposition movements."

Emerson, Tony. "The CIA Lands a Big Fish." Newsweek, 8 Sep. 1997, 54.

North Korea's Ambassador to Egypt, who defected to the United States at the end of August together with his Paris-based brother, had been working for the CIA for some time prior to his defection. See also Anthony Spaeth, "Another One Slips Away," Time, 8 Sep. 1997.

Mercado, Stephen C. "Hermit Surfers of P'yongyang: North Korea and the Internet." Studies in Intelligence 48, no. 1 (2004): 39-44.

North Korean "[r]esearchers can surf the Internet via a connection routed through the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications." [footnote omitted] In this way, the Pyongyang government "can promote scientific exploration while keeping researchers in country and under surveillance."

Spaeth, Anthony. "Another One Slips Away." Time, 8 Sep. 1997. [http://www.time.com]

"Agents of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency provided [North Korea's Ambassador to Egypt], his wife and family with phony passports ... which they used to slip through immigration at Cairo International Airport. At exactly the same time, Jang's brother, a commercial counselor at North Korea's mission in Paris, boarded a plane in France accompanied by his family. Within hours, they were ensconced in a CIA safe house somewhere in the U.S., and the White House was informed of the success of the operation, which had been approved personally by President Clinton." See also Tony Emerson, "The CIA Lands a Big Fish," Newsweek, 8 Sep. 1997, 54.

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