World War II

A - L

Barry, Kevin. "German Violations of Irish Neutrality During the Second World War." Irish Sword 28, no. 113 (2012): 319-340.

Bowen, Elizabeth. "Notes on Eire": Espionage Reports to Winston Churchill, 1940-2. Aubane, Ireland: Aubane Historical Society, 1999.

Brennan, Stephen. "Hermann Goertz (Görtz), the Brittas Spy." Wicklow Historical Society Journal 5, no. 1 (2014): 18-20.

German spying in County Wicklow in World War II.

Carter, Carolle J. The Shamrock and the Swastika: German Espionage in Ireland in World War II. Palo Alto, CA: Pacific Books, 1977.

Constantinides finds that the "absence of access to Irish and British files" makes this book "less than comprehensive." Carter is at her best when discussing "the failures and incredible ineptitude of the German intelligence services."

Duggan, John. Herr Hempel at the German Legation in Dublin 1937-1945. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2003.

From publisher: Dr Edward Hempel was German Minister in Dublin from 1937 to 1945. This book "throws new light on Third Reich diplomacy which lacked unity and was subject to inputs from a proliferation of competing ... agencies." It gives a "picture of the relationship between the Dublin Legation and Berlin and its effects on diplomatic intercourse between Germany and Ireland and consequently between Ireland and Britain."

Dwyer, T. Ryle.

1. Behind the Green Curtain: Ireland's Phoney Neutrality during World War II. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan, 2009.

Lynch, Sunday Business Post, 20 Sep. 2009, calls this a "brilliantly researched book." Nevertheless, "the sheer quantity of facts [Dwyer] crams in has a tendency to overwhelm the narrative, which can make this kind of history inaccessible to the general reader.As a work of scholarship, however, Behind the Green Curtain is nothing less than superb." For Myers, Irish Independent, 14 Oct. 2009, this is an "excellent and probably definitive account of Irish neutrality" during World War II. Dillon, History Ireland 18.2 (Mar.-Apr. 2010), says that this is "a good, clear account ... of a crucial point in Irish history."

2. "Why De Valera Got a Bum Rap on Being Pro-Nazi Because of U.S Ambassador." IrishCentral.com, 4 Nov. 2012. [http://www.irishcentral.com]

Although the title focuses on the hatred of De Valera by U.S. Envoy to Ireland David Gray (1940-1947), the intelligence aspects of this article involve the extensive cooperation of Irish security entities with OSS representatives, principally Ervin Ross "Spike" Marlin and after mid-1944 Edward Lawler.

Fisk, Robert. In Time of War: Ireland, Ulster, and the Price of Neutrality. Brandon, Ireland: A. Deutsch, 1983. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan, 1985. [pb]

Horgan, London Review of Books 5.13 (21 Jul. 1983), sees this book as "both absorbing and provocative."

Girvin, Brian.

1. The Emergency: Neutral Ireland 1939-45. London: Pan Macmillan, 2006.

White and Riley, Irish Studies in International Affairs 19 (2008), refer to the author's "cynical and occasionally scathing critique" of de Valera. "Analysing Irish neutrality from a political perspective, Girvin suggests that de Valera was backward-looking, myopic and generally intolerant of anything that worked against neutrality."

2. And Geoffrey Roberts, eds. Ireland and the Second World War: Politics, Society and Remembrance. Dublin: Four Courts, 2000.

From publisher: "This volume ... explores the Irish contribution to the Allied cause, in particular the role and experience of Irish men and women who served in the British armed forces.... The history of Northern Ireland during the war is covered, as are aspects of the post-war historiography of Irish involvement in the Allied struggle."

Hawkins, Richard. "'Bending the Beam': Myth and Reality in the Bombing of Coventry, Belfast and Dublin." Irish Sword 19 (1993-1994): 131-143.

Hull, Mark M.

1. "The Irish Interlude: German Intelligence in Ireland, 1939-1943." Journal of Military History 66, no. 3 (Jul. 2002): 695-718.

From abstract: This article focuses on Abwehr and the SD efforts "to use neutral Ireland as a base for wartime espionage directed against Great Britain. Though eleven agents were dispatched during a four-year period, a host of ... problems in the German system all but insured failure, and a brilliantly effective Irish army counterintelligence system ... eliminated any chance of German success. Because of the intelligence debacle in Ireland, German operations directed against England--including Operation Sea Lion--were hopelessly compromised."

2. Irish Secrets: German Espionage in Wartime Ireland, 1939-1945. Dublin/Portland, OR: Irish Academic Press, 2003.

According to Kruh, Cryptologia 27.4, the author "graphically tells the little-known history of German military espionage activity in Ireland ... before and during" World War II. This is "a gripping account of the intelligence war and highlights the brilliant, creative success of Irish Military Intelligence in waging a counter-espionage campaign that effectively neutralized the German threat."

Erskine, I&NS 19.4 (Winter 2004), finds that the author "does not seem to be wholly comfortable with some of the fine detail of intelligence." Nevertheless, Hull "has researched his central subject painstakingly," and his work "will undoubtedly become the standard work on German intelligence in the Republic of Ireland."

3. "A Tale of German Espionage in Wartime Ireland." In Ireland in World War II: Diplomacy and Survival, eds. Dermot Keogh and Mervyn O'Driscoll, 81-92. Cork: Mercier Press, 2004.

4. "Werner Unland: The Abwehr's Man in Dublin." Irish Sword 21 (1999): 336-344.

Keane, Vincent. "The Local Security Forces in Westport 1940-1945." Cathair na Mart [Westport Historical Society] 26 (2008): 110-118.

Kennedy, Michael.

1. Guarding Neutral Ireland: The Coast Watching Service and Military Intelligence, 1939-1945. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2008.

White and Riley, Irish Studies in International Affairs 19 (2008), find that the author's "major point is that this service contributed valuable intelligence to the Irish government during the war. Much of this information was shared with the Allies. As Ireland was drawn into the air and naval battles that surrounded and crossed its territory during the war, the Irish clearly sided with the Allies. For Kennedy, Irish neutrality was a formality that underestimates the important role Ireland played in assisting the Allies in their effort against the Germans."

2. "'Men that Came in with the Sea': The Coast Watching Service and the Sinking of the Arandora Star." History Ireland 16, no. 3 (May-Jun. 2008): 26-29.

Kenner, Barry. Guarding Neutral Ireland: The Coast Watching Service and Military Intelligence, 1939-1945. Dublin: Four Courts, 2008.

Kinsella, Anthony. "John Francis O'Reilly: The 'Flighty Boy' from Clare." History Ireland 14, no. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 2006): 36-41.

O'Reilly parachuted into Ireland in October 1943 as one of "the last of the motley band of fanatics, adventurers and misfits in the pay of Nazi Germany who landed in neutral Ireland as spies." Kinsella traces his limited activities as a Nazi collaborator.

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