20th Century to World War II

A - L

Aan de Wiel, Jérôme.

1. "Austria-Hungary, France, Germany and the Irish Crisis from 1899 to the Outbreak of the First World War." Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 2 (Apr. 2006): 237-257.

From abstract: This "article argues that there was a definite 'Irish factor' in the events leading to the outbreak of the First World War, notably in Germany and Austria-Hungary's decision-making process."

2. "French Military Intelligence and Ireland, 1900–1923." Intelligence and National Security 26, no. 1 (Feb. 2011): 46-71.

The author "suggests that the Deuxième Bureau's interest in Ireland was not continuous but essentially shaped by the evolving relations between France and Britain. Simply put, it was of an opportunistic nature."

3. "German Invasion and Spy Scares in Ireland, 1890s-1914: Between Fiction and Fact." Études Irlandaises 37, no. 1 (2012): 25–40. [http://etudesirlandaises.revues.org/2936]

"[T]he effects of invasion and spy literature on Britain are well-known." This study seeks "to shed light on the situation in Ireland and show that on occasion fiction met fact and fact met fiction. The border between literature and reality was not always clearly drawn."

4."Sabotage in the USA! Imperial Germany and Irish-American Contacts, 1900-17." History Ireland 18, no. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 2010): 32-35.

The author tells "the story of how the Germans used Irish republicans in Europe and especially the United States for sabotage operations."

Ainsworth, John. "British Security Policy in Ireland, 1920-1921." Australian Journal of Irish Studies 1 (2001): 176-190.

In 1921, British Prime Minister Lloyd George agreed to negotiations with Sinn Fein. This resulted from the British failure to deliver on Home Rule and from a failure "to develop any form of security policy." Absent such, "a series of security measures was put in place by the British authorities in a vain attempt to curb the nationalist campaign.... What they actually achieved ... was an increase in the levels of violence and insecurity in Ireland, until the Anglo-Irish Treaty of December 1921 passed responsibility for all but the six counties ... to the Provisional Government of the new Irish Free State."

Andrew, Christopher. "Casement and British Intelligence." In Roger Casement in Irish and World History, ed. Mary E. Daly, 74-87. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy, 2005.

Borgonovo, John.

1. Florence and Josephine O'Donoghue's War of Independence: A Destiny That Shapes Our Ends. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2006.

From publisher: "IRA leader Florence O'Donoghue describes his experiences as head of intelligence in Cork city during the Irish War of Independence (1919-1921).... He also details his wife Josephine's role as the top IRA spy in Cork's British Army headquarters."

2. Spies, Informers and the "Anti-Sinn Fein Society": The Intelligence War in Cork City, 1919-1921. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2006.

From publisher: This book "analyses the existence" of "an Anti-Sinn Fein Society, a pro-British intelligence network operating" in Cork city; "alleged IRA persecution of ex-soldiers[;] and the strength of the IRA intelligence efforts in Cork city.  It places these trends in the context of both the British reprisal campaign in Cork city, and the IRA's guerrilla struggle.  The book contains significant original research that focuses on events in Cork city in 1920-1921." Kahn, Intelligencer 17.1 (Winter-Spring 2009), notes that "this book draws on new sources to give an Irish perspective on matters ... that had been largely told from the British point of view."

Doerries, Reinhard R.

1. "Hopeless Mission: Sir Roger Casement in Imperial Germany." Journal of Intelligence History 6, no. 1 (Summer 2006). [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/journal.html]

2. Prelude to the Easter Rising: Sir Roger Casement in Imperial Germany. London: Frank Cass, 2000.

Grob-Fitzgibbon, Benjamin. Turning Points of the Irish Revolution: The British Government, Intelligence, and the Cost of Indifference, 1912-1921. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Hart, Peter, ed. British Intelligence in Ireland, 1920-21: The Final Reports. Irish Narrative Series, ed. David Fitzpatrick. Cork: Cork University Press, 2002.

From publisher: "The Irish revolution of 1920-1921 ended in a military and political stalemate, resolved only through the mutual compromise incorporated in the Anglo-Irish Treaty." Historians have long accepted that the Irish won the intelligence war. "This judgement is challenged by the recent release of two confidential self-assessments prepared for the army and the police in 1922." The police report "indicates a marked improvement in operations superintended by ... Sir Ormonde de l'Épée Winter (1875-1962). His report, though self-serving and flawed, provides a uniquely detailed and personal account of Intelligence from the inside. The editor's introduction assesses the purpose, reliability and significance of these reports. Their publication is a significant contribution to the study of Irish revolutionary history."

Jeffery, Keith. "Irish Intelligence and British War Planning, 1910-14." In Intelligence, Statecraft and International Power: Historical Studies XXV, eds. Eunan O’Halpin, Robert Armstrong, and Jane Ohlmeyer, 107-118. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2006.

Kavanagh, Martha. "The Irish Free State and Collective Security 1930-6." Irish Studies in International Affairs 15 (2004): 103-122.

King, Daniel P. "Roger Casement: Traitor or Patriot?" Intelligencer 17, no. 2 (Fall 2009): 45-48.

This is a straight-forward telling of Casement's story.

Lane, Pádraig G. "Government Surveillance of Subversion, 1890-1916." In Laois: History & Society. Interdisciplinary Essays on the History of an Irish County, eds. Pádraig G. Lane and William Nolan, 602-625. Dublin: Geography Publications, 1999.

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