Historical and Under the Shah

1. Historical

Rubin, Michael. "The Telegraph, Espionage, and Cryptology in Nineteenth Century Iran." Cryptologia 25, no. 1 (Jan. 2001): 18-36.

"The telegraph transformed intelligence gathering in Iran. It was a potent tool in the hands of any party. Both the Shah and British strategists benefited from access to information, but at the same time vulnerability of messages transmitted across the wires increased."

2. Iran Under the Shah

Abrahamian, Ervand. Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1982.

From publisher: The author "discusses Iranian society and politics during the period between the Constitutional Revolution of 1905-1909 and the Islamic Revolution of 1977-1979.... Abrahamian explores the impact of socio-economic change on the political structure, especially under the reigns of Reza Shah and Muhammad Reza Shah, and throws fresh light on the significance of the Tudeh party and the failure of the Shah's regime from 1953 to 1978."

Dareini, Ali Akbar, ed.. The Rise and Fall of the Pahlavi Dynasty: Memoirs of Former General Hussein Fardust. New Delhi: Motilal Babarsisass, 1999.

Peake, Studies 50.3 (Sep. 2006) and Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), identifies Fardust as "a childhood friend" of the Shah and "one of the few non-family members Reza trusted throughout his life." He later headed "the Special Information Bureau, an organization akin to Britain's Joint Intelligence Committee.... At one point he was also deputy chief of the SAVAK ... and was responsible for its reorganization.... There are several chapters on Iran's intelligence services in which their organization and operations are described in greater detail than in any other English-language source."

Hoopes, John M. [LCDR/USN (Sel.)] "Iranian Intelligence Under the Shah." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly 14, no. 1 (Jan. 1998): 7-9.

This is a brief review of SAVAK's role prior to the 1978 revolution. The point is made that the organization's resources and efforts were predominantly directed toward internal security matters. Clark comment: A brief complaint as a professor: I wish we could get young writers not to use the overly cutesy formulation "the most famous or infamous...," but simply say "the best known."

Ledeen, Michael, and William Lewis. Debacle: The American Failure in Iran. New York: Knopf, 1981.

Samii, Abbas William. "The Shah's Lebanon Policy: The Role of SAVAK." Middle Eastern Studies 33, no. 1 (Jan. 1997): 66-91.

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