Department of State

Included here:

1. State Department Generally

2. Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR)

3. Laptop Computer Disappears from INR (April 2000)

5. Diplomatic Security Service

4. Embassy Security Issues

5. Russian Bug on Seventh Floor (1999)

6. Coordinator for Terrorism

7. Walter Kendall Myers Spy Case (2009)

1. State Department Generally

Braden, Spruille. Diplomats and Demagogues. New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1971.

Drechsler, Donald R. "Reconstructing the Interagency Process after Iraq." Journal of Strategic Studies 28, no. 1 (2005): 3-30.

From abstract: "Cultural, structural and bureaucratic barriers between the Department of State and the Department of Defense prevented effective integration, particularly in the postwar planning phase of Operation 'Iraqi Freedom'. In contrast, the postwar planning in Kosovo, under the PDD 56 interagency coordination process, could have served as a useful template for the political-military planning process.... Iraq demonstrated that partial State-Defense integration ... was insufficient for an undertaking of this magnitude."

Evans, Allan. "Intelligence and Policy Formation." World Politics 12 (Oct. 1959): 84-91.

Petersen: Evans was a "long-time senior INR official."

Lexow, Wilton. "The Science Attaché Program." Studies in Intelligence 10, no. 2 (Spring 1966): 21-27.

Beginning in 1951, the State Department began placing science attachés in a number of embassies, only to cut back on the program two years later. By 1956, "there were no longer any science attachés at all." (footnote omitted) The launch of Sputnik in October 1957 revived the program, and in 1965 "there were 23 attachés in 17 embassies." Problems remain, however, from misgivings about the program within the Department to difficulties in recruiting. Nor has the program been extended to the Communist countries.

Mazzetti, Mark. "U.S. Expands Role of Diplomats in Spying." New York Times, 28 Nov. 2010. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to classified cables, originally obtained by WikiLeaks, the State Department "has expanded the role of American diplomats in collecting intelligence overseas and at the United Nations, ordering State Department personnel to gather the credit card and frequent-flier numbers, work schedules and other personal information of foreign dignitaries.... The cables give a laundry list of instructions for how State Department employees can fulfill the demands of a 'National Humint Collection Directive.' ... While the State Department has long provided information about foreign officials' duties to the Central Intelligence Agency to help build biographical profiles, the more intrusive personal information diplomats are now being asked to gather could be used by the National Security Agency for data mining and surveillance operations. A frequent-flier number, for example, could be used to track the travel plans of foreign officials."

Rubin, Barry. Secrets of State: The State Department and the Struggle Over U.S. Foreign Policy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Petersen: "Coverage of State's intelligence function and role in the intelligence community."

Smigel, Stanley E. "Some Views on the Theory and Practice of Intelligence Collection." Studies in Intelligence 2, no. 2 (Spring 1958): 33-45.

A State Department official looks at "the more important functions of a typical headquarters collection specialist. The emphasis is placed very largely on overt activities; little [is] said of clandestine collection."

U.S. Government Accountability Office. "State Department: Preliminary Observations on the Bureau of Counterterrorism's Resources, Performance, and Coordination." GAO-15-655T: Washington, DC: GPO, 2 Jun. 2015. [http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-655T]

"GAO's preliminary analysis has found that ... [s]ince its elevation to a bureau in fiscal year 2012, the bureau has ... completed four evaluations of counterterrorism-related programs it oversees, resulting in 60 recommendations. GAO's preliminary results show that the bureau had addressed about half of the recommendations (28 of 60) as of April 2015 but had not established time frames for addressing the remaining recommendations."

2. Bureau of Intelligence & Research (INR)

3. Laptop Computer Disappears from INR (April 2000)

4. Embassy Security Issues


5. Russian Bug on Seventh Floor (1999)

Arranged chronologically.

Ahrens, Frank. "Espionage, Adding Spies to Life: Flurry of Snooping Warms Up Cold Warriors." Washington Post, 11 Dec. 1999, C1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 8 December 1999, Stanislav Borisovich Gusev, a technical expert with the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service, was caught by the FBI while eavesdropping on the U.S. State Department. Gusev "aroused suspicion by circling the State Department,... looking for a spot [to park] to pick up transmissions from a sophisticated listening device mysteriously planted inside State's most sacrosanct chambers."

Price, Joyce Howard. "Top Russians Suspected in Bugging: Device Placement Seen as Inside Job." Washington Times, 13 Dec. 1999, 1.

HPSCI Chairman Rep. Porter J. Goss (R-FL) told NBC's "Meet the Press" on 12 December 1999 that "officials at the 'very highest levels of the Russian government . . . probably signed off' on the listening device found in the wooden molding of a wall inside the U.S. State Department.... Virtually everyone questioned about the episode expressed certainty it was an inside job."

Ignatius, David. "Bugged at the State Department." Washington Post, 22 Dec. 1999, A33. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The season's most intriguing puzzle is how Russian spies managed to install a bug in a seventh-floor conference room at the State Department.... Now a sorry answer is emerging: The Russian penetration of our diplomatic inner sanctum may be partly the result of bureaucratic delay by top State Department officials. Internal State Department documents show that more than a year ago, the department's Bureau of Diplomatic Security tried to issue new access-control rules that would have prevented visitors from wandering the building unescorted. But implementation of these rules was blocked by senior officials."

Loeb, Vernon, and Steven Mufson. "State Dept. Security Has Been Lax, Audit Finds." Washington Post, 17 Jan. 2000, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

An audit by the State Department's inspector general, completed in September 1999 but kept confidential, says that department security officials "failed to sweep scores of rooms for bugging devices and repeatedly failed to account for highly classified documents." Associated Press, "CIA Helps State Dept. on Security," 17 Jan. 2000, quotes CIA spokesman Bill Harlow as stating on 17 January 2000 that the CIA "is helping the State Department safeguard its secrets and to improve security in general."

6. Coordinator for Terrorism

Arranged chronologically.

Wright, Robin. "In From the Cold and Able to Take the Heat." Washington Post, 12 Sep. 2005, A17. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"[A]fter almost a quarter-century as a spy or station chief on at least four continents, [Henry 'Hank'] Crumpton has emerged from undercover to take the job as State Department Coordinator for Counterterrorism -- with the very public rank of ambassador."

Crumpton "is the mysterious 'Henry' in the Sept. 11 commission report, which notes he persistently pressed the CIA to do more in Afghanistan before Osama bin Laden's terrorist spectaculars.... Tapped to head the CIA's Afghan campaign after the attacks, Crumpton is 'Hank' in Gary C. Schroen's 'First In: An Insider's Account of How the CIA Spearheaded the War on Terror in Afghanistan' and Bob Woodward's 'Bush at War.' Both books recount how Crumpton crafted a strategy partnering elite intelligence and military officers in teams that worked with the Afghan opposition.... The novel and initially controversial approach worked at limited cost in human life and materiel -- and avoided the kind of protracted U.S. ground war that the Soviet Union lost."

Wright, Robin. "State Dept. Losing a Top Figure in Terror War." Washington Post, 19 Dec. 2006, A5. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to a senior official on 18 December 2006, State Department counterterrorism chief Henry A. "Hank" Crumpton will leave the government in the new year. Crumpton, a career CIA covert officer, took over the State Department job in August 2005.

Wright, Robin. "Dell Dailey: Soldier, Counterterrorism Warrior." Washington Post, 24 Aug. 2007, A13. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Retired Lt. Gen. Dell Dailey has been named to head the State Department's counterterrorism office. He replaces CIA legend Henry "Hank" Crumpton.

7. Walter Kendall Myers Spy Case (2009)

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