Collection and Use of Open-Source Intelligence

Citations gathered under the open-source rubric concern open-source intelligence in general. Click for materials dealing specifically with the Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) or the Open Source Center, established around the skeleton of the former FBIS.

"Open sources is a general intelligence term for primary and secondary source materials that are unclassified and may or may not be produced by the government. They are often the product of overt intelligence collection and often provide a valuable input to all source intelligence production." Watson, et al., eds., United States Intelligence: An Encyclopedia (1990).

A wide range of useful materials on open-source intelligence and particularly on the potential use of open sources in the post-Cold War era can be accessed through the web site of Robert David Steele's Open Source Solutions, Inc.:


Generally to 2005

A - H

I - Z

NATO's Open Source Intelligence Reader:

Robert David Steele

Open Source Center (1 November 2005)

Generally 2005-2009

Generally from 2010

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