Military Operations


Desert Shield/Storm

A - F


Anderson, G.S. Charting the Storm: DMA's Role in Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm, Final Report 10 Feb 92 - 21 Feb 93. Newport, RI: Naval War College, 1993.

Armstrong, Douglas G. "The Gulf War's Patched-Together Air Intelligence." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 118, no. 11 (Nov. 1992): 109-11.

Atkinson, Rick. Crusade: The Untold Story of the Persian Gulf War. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1993.

Publishers Weekly (via calls Crusade "an engrossing account of the actions and utterances of those who directed and fought in the Persian Gulf War. He also provides a thorough analysis of diplomatic and political aspects of the conflict.... Expectedly, the book's dominant personality is General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, whose operatic rages are here shown to be an integral element of his command style. Atkinson defends the much-maligned VII Corps commander, Gen. Fred Franks, against Schwarzkopf's 'unfair and unwarranted' criticism."

Aviation Week & Space Technology. Editors. "Spacecraft Played Vital Role in Gulf War Victory." 22 Apr. 1991, 91.

Ball, Desmond J. Intelligence in the Gulf War. Canberra: Australian National University, 1991.

Campen, Alan D., ed. The First Information War. Fairfax, VA: AFCEA International Press, 1992.

Centner, Christopher M. "Intelligence, Gulf War Illnesses and Public Perceptions of Conspiracies." American Intelligence Journal 21, nos. 1 & 2 (Spring 2002): 37-45.

"Gulf War Syndrome has now blossomed as a locus for conspiracy theories rivaling Roswell.... Many veterans have been sold the idea that there is a conspiracy run by the government that threatens their very lives.... The health threats of Gulf War Illnesses are real, but the risk factors are suspicion and ignorance, not CW."

Clapper, James R., Jr. [MGEN/USAF] "Desert War Was Crucible for Intelligence Systems." Signal, Sep. 1991, 77 ff. []

Covault, Craig. "Recon Satellites Lead Allied Intelligence Effort." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 4 Feb. 1991, 25-26.

Drachman, Edward R., and Alan Shank. Presidents and Foreign Policy: Countdown to Ten Controversial Decisions. Ithaca, NY: SUNY Press, 1997.

The authors offer a case study of one major decision for each president from Truman to Clinton. It is possible to argue that there are better potential cases for each president than the ones selected for study, but those chosen are interestingly fitted into the authors' novel countdown approach. Chapter 9 considers President Bush's decision to end the Gulf War.

Larson, APSR 92.1, appreciates the authors' efforts to "present more objective criteria" than is normally the case in decision-making evaluation. Their evaluation scheme "seems plausible and reasonable on the face," but "it does not always work well when applied to specific cases." Nevertheless, "the case studies are well researched, concise, and provocative."

Estavanik, R.D. Intelligence and the Commander: Desert Shield/Storm Case Study. Newport, RI: Naval War College, 1992.

Flanagan, E.M. Jr. "Special Operations: Hostile Territory Was Their AO in Desert Storm." Army (Sep. 1991): 12-16, 30.

Foreign Intelligence Literary Scene. Editors. "Intelligence Successes and Failures in Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm." 12, no. 5: 1-3.

4th Psychological Operations Group (Airborne). "Leaflets of the Persian Gulf War." Ft. Bragg, NC, 1991. []

From the Commander, Col. Layton G. Dunbar, USA: "This book contains exemplars of leaflets designed, printed and disseminated in support of Coalition Forces during Operation DESERT STORM.... The psychological preparation of the battlefield began in earnest in December and radio, leaflet and loudspeaker operations continued non-stop throughout the air and ground phases of the conflict. The PSYOP radio network, 'Voice of the Gulf,' broadcast from 19 January until the end of the war.... More than 29 million leaflets (approximately 29 tons) were disseminated between 30 December 1990 and 28 February 1991. Sixty-six PSYOP loudspeaker teams provided tactical support for every major ground unit throughout the ground war."

Francona, Rick. Ally to Adversary: An Eyewitness Account of Iraq's Fall from Grace. Annapolis, MD: U.S. Naval Institute Press, 1999.

According to Loeb, "Back Channels," Washington Post, 13 Nov. 2000, 25, Francona was a member of the CIA team that rescued the family of former Iraqi nuclear weapons scientist Khidhir Hamza from northern Iraq in 1995. Jonkers, AFIO WIN 34-99 (27 Aug. 1999), comments that Francona writes in a forthright and very readable fashion, weaving in anecdotes with policy perspectives and situation descriptions. His book contributes to understanding a recent past that is relevant to the present and future. Highly recommended reading." Clark comment: Francona has a Website at

Fredericks, Brian, and Richard Wiersema. "Battlefield TECHINT: Support of Operations DESERT SHIELD/STORM." Military Intelligence 18, no. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1992): 13-19.

Fulghum, David A. "Key Military Officials Criticize Intelligence Handling in Gulf War." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 24 Jun. 1991, 83.


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