Post-World War II

To 1990s

Materials on U.S. Army special operations units and activities can be accessed at Special Operations.

Abbott, James P. "The Intelligence Puzzle Has Seven Pieces: The Essential Elements of Information." Army 7 (Aug. 1956): 48-49.

This is a discussion of intelligence at a time when it had much less visibility than today.

Abbott, Steve. "The Wizards of War." Soldier 36 (May 1981): 28-31

Calder: Profiles the Army's 11th Military Intelligence Battalion.

Army. Editors. "Surveillance and Target Acquisition." 16, no. 5 (1966): 43 ff. [Petersen]

Atkeson, Edward B. "When Turfs Overlap: A Study of Organizations in Collision." Army 30 (Nov. 1980): 38-43.

Petersen: "U.S. Army intelligence community."

Baldwin, Hanson W.

1. "Army Intelligence." New York Times, 13 Apr. 1952, 12; and 14 Apr. 1952, 4.

2. "Battlefield Intelligence." Combat Forces 3 (Feb. 1953): 30-41. [Petersen]

Banfill, C.Y. "Military Intelligence and Command." Infantry Journal 62 (Feb. 1948): 28-30. [Petersen]

Baskir, Lawrence M. "Reflections on the Senate Investigations of Army Surveillance." Indiana Law Journal 49 (Summer 1974): 618-653.

Although the CIA has come to be most associated with the Senate investigations of the mid-1970s, the hearings were much more inclusive, touching multiple agencies and, for this article, the Army's substantial domestic surveillance activities.

Boghardt, Thomas. "America's Secret Vanguard: US Army Intelligence Operations in Germany, 1944–47." Studies in Intelligence 57, no. 2 (Jun. 2013): 1-18.

In the period between the dissolution of the OSS and the establishment of the CIA "the US Army [was] virtually alone in shouldering American intelligence requirements in a time and place that were to prove critical for the readjustment of US global strategy from world war to the Cold War.... Between 1944 and 1947, the War Department and the Army managed over half a dozen agencies which dealt with the collection, evaluation, dissemination, and safeguarding of militarily and politically relevant information in Germany."

Brown, Dallas C. "Combat Intelligence Today." Armor 73 (Oct. 1964): 20- 23. [Petersen]

Chandler, Stedman, and Robert W. Robb. Front-Line Intelligence. Washington, DC: Infantry Journal Press, 1946.

Pforzheimer notes that while this work is outdated, it remains "a readable primer to prepare officers to be combat '2s.'"

Coleman, Joseph. "Papers Tie U.S. to 1950s Japan Coup Plot." Associated Press, 28 Feb. 2007. []

Declassified CIA files released by the National Archives in January 2007 "reveal that Japanese ultranationalists with ties to U.S. military intelligence plotted to overthrow the Japanese government and assassinate the prime minister in 1952.... [T]he documentary evidence... illustrates the violent potential of the right-wing, anti-communist cabal that had worked under the U.S. occupation authority's 'G-2' intelligence wing in the ... late 1940s and early 50s.... The CIA files ... say the [G-2] operations were riddled with intelligence leaks, hobbled by a lack of competent agents, and deeply compromised by rivalries among the rightists themselves.... The departure of [Maj. Gen. Charles] Willoughby [chief of G-2 in the occupation government] from Japan in 1951 ... deprived the rightists of their leading American patron and paymaster."

Colley, David. "'Shadow Warriors': Intelligence Operatives Waged Clandestine Cold War." VFW, Veterans of Foreign Wars Magazine, Sep. 1997, 24-30.

The author mentions briefly the activities of a number of military units, with some focus on CIC and ASA units, in the early years of the Cold War in Europe. The stories of covert activities lack detail.

Cook, Earle F. "Electronic Black Chamber." Army 13, no. 2 (1962): 37 ff. [Petersen]

Gilbert, James L. The Most Secret War: Army Signals Intelligence in Vietnam. Ft. Belvoir, VA: Military History Office, U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command, 2003.

Kruh, Cryptologia 28.1, says that this "expertly written text" includes over a hundred photographs of "ASA and other personnel performing their duties, from the routine to the dangerous." For Hanyok, I&NS 19.2, this book "is well put together and illustrated." The reviewer notes that there is "[n]o need to worry about this history being an official gloss. ASA's successes and failures are recounted here." However, the book is hampered by the lack of source notes.

Glass, Robert R., and Phillip B. Davidson. Intelligence Is for Commanders. Harrisburg, PA: Military Service Publishing Co., 1948.

Graham, Daniel O. Confessions of a Cold Warrior. Fairfax, VA: Preview Press, 1995.

Graham, Daniel O. "Estimating the Threat: A Soldier's Job." Army 23 (Apr. 1973): 14-18. [Petersen]

Long, Lonnie M., and Gary B. Blackburn. Unlikely Warriors: The Army Security Agency's Secret War in Vietnam 1961-1973. iUniverse, 2013.

For Peake, Studies 58.3 (Sep. 2014), this "story of the ASA's combat and operational roles" in Vietnam "is a significent tribute to the ASA's little-known role in the war."

McCaslin, Leland C. Secrets of the Cold War: US Army Europe's Intelligence and Counterintelligence Activities against the Soviets. Solihull, UK: Helion, 2010.

Peake, Studies 55.2 (Jun. 2011), notes that "[m]ost of the 19 chapters contain reminiscences written by the more than 50 contributors." The author "adds brief introductory comments to most chapters and contributes two himself." The book provides "a glimpse of military intelligence activities in Europe during the Cold War," but "[t]here are no secrets" here, despite the title. For Goodman, AIJ 29.2 (2011), this work offers "an enjoyable and informative look at the different intelligence and counterintelligence efforts and concerns during [a] very dangerous time in Europe's history."

McCauley, Nathan E. "The Military Intelligence Profession in the U.S. Army." Military Intelligence 13, no. 3 (1978): 14-17, 37.

McChristian, Joseph A. [MGEN/USA] The Role of Military Intelligence, 1965- 1967. Washington, DC: GPO, 1974.

Scherer, F.M. "Horst Hesse: A Cold War Military Intelligence Mole." Intelligence and National Sceurity 21, no. 2 (Apr. 2006): 224-236.

From abstract: "[T]his article presents the story of Horst Hesse's penetration as a double agent" into the U.S. 522nd Military Intelligence Battalion "in Würzburg, Germany during 1955 and 1956."

Searle, Alaric. "'Vopo'-General Vincenz Müller and Western Intelligence, 1948-54: CIC, the Gehlen Organization and Two Cold War Operations." Intelligence and National Security 17, no. 2 (Summer 2002): 27-50.

Former Wehrmacht Generalleutnant Vincenz Müller returned to the Eastern Zone of Germany from Russia in September 1948 and began "a remarkable career as both soldier and politician." This article looks at two unsuccessful efforts -- one by the U.S. Army's CIC and the other by the Gehlen organization -- to encourage Müller to defect to the West.

Silver, Arnold M. "Questions, Questions, Questions: Memories of Oberursel." Intelligence and National Security 8, no. 2 (Apr. 1993): 199- 213. Studies in Intelligence 37, no. 5 (1994): 81-90.

Thamm, Gerhardt B. The Making of a Spy: Memoir of a German Boy Soldier Turned American Army Intelligence Agent. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2010.

Peake, Studies 54.3 (Sep. 2010) and Intelligencer 18.1 (Fall-Winter 2010), notes that the author served for 2 years with the CIC in postwar Germany. The book's strength "lies in his descriptions of the training, tradecraft, and agent-control techniques he developed in the field."

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