M - Z

Masetti, Jorge. In The Pirate's Den: My Life as a Secret Agent for Castro. New York:  Encounter, 2002. 

According to Peake, Studies 47.2 (2003), these memoirs outline the life of "a disaffected agent" who served the Cuban General Intelligence Agency (DGI) from 1973 to 1989. "[O]ne senses that [the author] is holding back.  Still, it is a firsthand account."

Mazzetti, Mark, Michael S. Schmidt, and Frances Robles. "Crucial Spy in Cuba Paid a Heavy Cold War Price." New York Times, 19 Dec. 2014, A1. []

The information Rolando Sarraff Trujillo gave the CIA "paid dividends long after Cuban authorities arrested" and imprisoned him. He "has now been released from prison and flown out of Cuba as part of the swap for three Cuban spies imprisoned in the United States" announced by President Obama on 17 December 2014. Before his November 1995 arrest, "Sarraff worked in the cryptology section of Cuba's Directorate of Intelligence and was an expert on the codes used by Cuban spies in the United States to communicate with Havana."

In his speech on 17 December, Obama said Sarraff "provided America with the information that allowed us to arrest the network of Cuban agents that included the men transferred to Cuba today, as well as other spies in the United States." A statement from the ODNI's said that information from "Sarraff -- the statement did not name him -- had helped the government arrest and convict several Cuban spies inside the United States." The convictions included DIA senior analyst Ana Belén Montes; former State Department official Walter Kendall Myers and his wife, Gwendolyn Myers; and members of the Red Avispa or Wasp Network [the "Cuban Five"] in Florida.

See also, Adam Goldman and Missy Ryan, "Spy Helped Unmask 3 Cuban Spy Networks, U.S. Officials Say," Washington Post, 18 Dec. 2014.

Preston, Julia, and Tim Weiner. "A Document by Cuban Spy Talks of Acts Against C.I.A." New York Times, 8 Oct. 2000. []

When Cuban official Pedro Riera Escalante was arrested by the Mexican government, he "was carrying a document, parts of which were made public [on 7 October 2000], in which he outlined his career running operations" against the CIA. Riera Escalante was deported by Mexico to Havana on 4 October. He had previously "served under cover as the Cuban consul [in Mexico City] from 1986 through 1991. In the document, he described Cuban espionage operations" against the CIA station in Mexico City and operations he ran in Europe and Africa. See also, Kevin Sullivan and Mary Jordan, "Mexico Returns Diplomat to Cuba," Washington Post, 5 Oct. 2000, A22.

Ridenour, Ron. Backfire: The CIA's Biggest Burn. Havana, Cuba: Jose Marti Publishing House, 1991.

Rodriguez, Felix I., and John Weisman. Shadow Warrior: The CIA Hero of a Hundred Unknown Battles. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1989. New York: Pocket Books, 1990. [pb]

Surveillant 1.1: Rodriguez takes the reader from the Bay of Pigs to the capture of Che Guevara (he was "the last man to interrogate him") to Vietnam to Oliver North and the Iran-Contra affair.

Rohter, Larry. "Leader of Exile Group Tells of Spying for Cuba." New York Times, 11 Nov. 1992, A8.

Francisco Avila Azcuy of Alpha 66 group.

Ryan, Henry Butterfield. The Fall of Che Guevara: A Story of Soldiers, Spies, and Diplomats. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Santoli, Al. "China's Electronic Spy Bases in Cuba." China Reform Monitor (3 Mar. 2003). []

"Professor Desmond Ball of the Australian National University says Chinese personnel have been operating two intelligence signal stations in Cuba since early 1999, after an agreement reached in February 1998. The large complex at Bejucal, just south of Havana, is equipped with 10 satellite communications antennas and is mainly concerned with intercepting telephone communications in the U.S.... The second station is located north-east of Santiago de Cuba, reportedly dedicated to intercepting satellite-based U.S. military communications."

Simmons, Chris. "When Spies Become Diplomats." Miami Herald, 11 Mar. 2008. []

"[T]wo former Cuban intelligence officers who are now in the United States" have identified René Mujica Cantelar, Cuba's ambassador to the United Kingdom, "as a deep-cover spy in Cuba's foreign-intelligence service."

Sullivan, Kevin, and Mary Jordan.

1. "Mexico Returns Diplomat to Cuba." Washington Post, 5 Oct. 2000, A22.

On 4 October 2000, the Mexican government deported to Cuba an asylum-seeking Cuban diplomat, Pedro Riera Escalante, "who claimed that his true job for more 20 years was to spy" on the CIA.

2. "U.S. Tells Mexico to Protect Ex-Spy." Washington Post, 6 Oct. 2000, A22.

A 5 October 2000 statement by the U.S. Embassy in Mexico City "declared ... that the Mexican government has a 'special responsibility' to ensure the safety" of Pedro Riera Escalante who was deported to Cuba after seeking political asylum in Mexico.

See also, Julia Preston and Tim Weiner, "A Document by Cuban Spy Talks of Acts Against C.I.A," New York Times, 8 Oct. 2000.

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Directorate of Intelligence. Cuba: Handbook of Trade Statistics, 1995. Washington, DC: November 1995.

U.S. Department of State. Office of the Historian. Gen. ed., Edward C. Keefer.  Foreign Relations of the United States, 1964-1968. Vol. XXXII. Dominican Republic; Cuba; Haiti; Guyana. Eds., Daniel Lawler and Carolyn Yee. [Available at:]

From "Overview": "Lyndon B. Johnson made the major foreign policy decisions during his presidency, and the editors sought to document his role as far as possible. In the case of the intervention in the Dominican Republic, Johnson relied heavily upon the recommendations of his key advisers and special envoys... The role of the President and his major foreign policy advisers ... are less pronounced in the other chapters in the volume dealing with Cuba, Haiti, and British Guiana/Guyana."

Weiner, Tim. "Castro's Moles Dig Deep, Not Just Into Exiles." New York Times, 1 Mar. 1996, A4 (N).

Wines, Michael, and Ronald J. Ostrow. "Cuban Defector Claims Double Agents Duped U.S." Washington Post, 12 Aug. 1987, A8.

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