G - L

Gertz, Bill. "Nominee for Envoy Bowed Out After Reports of Link to Cuba." Washington Times, 25 Jan. 1999. "Envoy Nominee Quietly Bowed Out." Washington Times National Weekly Edition, 1-7 Feb. 1999, 14.

Mari Carmen Aponte, "President Clinton's nominee for ambassador to the Dominican Republic[,] quietly withdrew last fall amid questions about a Cuban intelligence scheme to recruit her as a spy within the White House." Aponte worked "as a volunteer in the White House Personnel Office in November 1993."

Gleijeses, Piero. Conflicting Missions: Havana, Washington, and Africa, 1959-1976. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

Schwab, Perspectives on Politics 1.2, calls this work "a superb study of the intersection of U.S., Soviet, and Cuban political, diplomatic, and military strategy in Africa during the height of the Cold War. Conflicting Missions is dazzlingly researched, and ... so beautifully crafted and thorough that it is mesmerizing." The author "makes the argument that decisions regarding Cuban military activity in Africa were fashioned almost entirely independent of Moscow. Indeed, the USSR was often informed only after the fact."

For Berger, I&NS 19.1, this work "is a masterful analysis of Cuban involvement in Africa.... It will no doubt stand for many years as the definitive study of Cold War diplomacy in southern Africa." Waters, H-Diplo, H-Net Reviews, Jul. 2002 [], finds that "[t]he bibliography and footnotes in Conflicting Missions are comprehensive, the maps well placed and useful, the photos informative with long and descriptive captions, and the index thorough. Gleijeses writes beautifully, and his judgments are measured and fair. Every chapter begins with a short paragraph that is a hard jewel of concision and elegance."

Hinckle, Warren, and William W. Turner.

1. The Fish Is Red: The Story of the Secret War Against Castro. New York: Harper & Row, 1981.

NameBase: "Over ten years of research by two well-connected investigative writers have produced a classic that belongs on every shelf.... While other books deal with discrete events relating to Cuba and Castro, this one attempts a history of the anti-Castro Cuban community and their CIA and Mafia sponsors."

2. Deadly Secrets: The CIA- Mafia War Against Castro and the Assassination of JFK. New York: HarperCollins, 1992.

Surveillant 2.6: This is a revised edition of The Fish Is Red. It includes drug-smuggling, gun-running, and murder for hire by CIA's anti-Castro Cuban commandos. Hinckle is the founding editor of Ramparts; Turner is a former FBI agent.

Karabell, Zachary. Architects of Intervention: The United States, the Third World, and the Cold War, 1946-1962. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1999.

Cohen, FA 78.6 (Nov.-Dec. 1999), believes that the author "writes well and does a service by combining case studies on American intervention in Greece, Italy, Iran, Guatemala, Lebanon, Cuba, and Laos. He is strongest on Iran and Lebanon, weakest on Cuba and Laos, and includes no studies of intervention by the Soviets, Chinese, British, or French." To Sullivan, I&NS 16.2, this is "a readable engaging work," the basic thesis of which is that "local elites essentially manipulated the United States into intervening in their countries to shore up reactionary forces there."

Kornbluh, Peter. The Death of Che Guevara: Declassified. National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 5.

This is "a selection of key CIA, State Department, and Pentagon documentation relating to Guevara and his death" from the National Security Archive's Cuba Documentation Project.

Latell, Brian. Castro's Secrets: The CIA and Cuba's Intelligence Machine. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

In his review, Goulden, Washington Times, 27 Apr. 2012, and Intelligencer 19.2 (Summer-Fall 2012), focuses on the author's discussion of the "smear campaign" which was run against David Atlee Phillips and which "likely was in retaliation for a disinformation campaign Phillips had run while in charge of anti-Cuban covert operations in the Mexico City station beginning in mid-1963." Goulden also finds that "Latell makes a circumstantial ... argument that Castro was aware of Oswald's intention to kill JFK and that his henchmen encouraged Oswald."

Feinberg, FA 91.3 (May-Jun. 2012), finds that "[T]he veracity of this book's claims hinges heavily on the credibility of defectors from Cuba's intelligence agency. Their testimonies form the rather thin thread from which Latell, a former CIA analyst,... hangs his case that Fidel Castro may well have had prior knowledge of Lee Harvey Oswald's intention to kill U.S. President John F. Kennedy." A rather snarky reviewer for Kirkus Reviews, 15 Feb. 2012, calls this work "[a]n insider's account that by definition is difficult for outsiders to evaluate because the author and many of his key sources are trained dissemblers."

Hodge, Military Review, Nov.-Dec. 2012, notes that the author's "main points are that the Kennedy administration grossly underestimated the Cuban intelligence community and Castro's power in the region.... The other main point is Castros alleged connection to the Kennedy assassination.... Latell makes the highly plausible connection that Castro knew of Lee Harvey Oswald's intent to assassinate President Kennedy in Dallas, but did nothing to intervene." Coffey, Studies 56.3 (Sep. 2012),says "the book is fascinating at times, yet it is uneven and scattershot in its approach."

Lefebvre, Stéphane. "Cuban Intelligence Activities Directed at the United States, 1959-2007." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 22, no. 3 (Fall 2009): 452-469.

The author concludes that "the threat posed by Cuban intelligence agencies is to be taken seriously." Until there is a regime change in Cuba, "the United States and Cuban exiles will continue to be the primary targets of Cuba's efficient intelligence agencies." Stéphane Lefebvre, "Readers' Forum: Cuba Does It Again," International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 22, no. 4 (Winter 2009): 760-761, updates his original article by discussing the case of Walter Kendall Myers and his wife, Gwendolyn.

Lunt, Lawrence K. Leave Me My Spirit. Encampment, WY: Affiliated Writers of America, 1990.

Petersen: "Purported first-hand account of a U.S.-spy in Cuba captured by Castro."

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