Materials arranged chronologically.

Jerusalem Post. "PM Rejects Claim by Mossad Agents that Gov't Abandoned Them." 6 Jul. 2000. []

On 5 July 2000, the Prime Minister's Office "said it gave 'full support' to the Mossad and its director, rejecting criticism by Mossad agents that the government had turned its back on the service by sending an agent to stand trial in Switzerland for a bungled wire-tap attempt on a Hizbullah member."

Capella, Peter, and Suzanne Goldenberg. "Israeli Relief at Spy's Light Sentence." The Guardian, 8 Jul. 2000. []

"Switzerland's supreme court has allowed a Mossad agent [known as Issac Bental] to return to Israel after it handed down a one-year suspended prison sentence on charges of espionage."

Hockstader, Lee. "The Mossad Looks for a Few Good Spies." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 14 Aug. 2000, 15.

In the past, the Mossad "has done its recruiting via the old boys' network." However, times have changed, and the agency has begun "advertising job vacancies in Israel's biggest newspapers as well as on the prime minister's office Web site."

Lathem, Niles. "Rich was Spy for Israel." New York Post, 5 Feb. 2001. [http://www.]

Marc Rich, the fugitive commodities trader pardoned by President Clinton, "lived a double life during his 20 years as a fugitive, funneling secret data to Israeli and other intelligence services about some unsavory governments.... [D]etails about Rich's ultimate high-wire act as a spy for Israel and other countries were provided to The Post as congressional committees prepare to hold hearings into former President Bill Clinton's controversial decision to pardon" Rich.

Rabinovich, Abraham. "Israel´s Intelligence Has a Deadly Edge." Washington Times, 7 Aug. 2001. []

"The uncanny accuracy with which Israel has carried out a succession of strikes against Palestinian militants ... [shows that] Israel clearly has an abundance of intelligence sources. The accuracy with which it is able to put its hands on specific individuals would do credit to a security agency working within its own population, let alone one working secretly within a hostile population."

Weiner, Tim. "Making Rules in the World Between War and Peace." New York Times, 19 Aug. 2001. []

Weiner discusses the Israeli policy of "liquidation" -- that is, "lethal, anticipatory self-defense" against individuals Israel believes are responsible for terrorist acts. Palestinians call the Israeli actions "'assassination,' and say about 60 of their activists have been killed since September."

O'Sullivan, Arieh. "Mossad Head: We Need Spies, Not Just Electronics." Jerusalam Post, 25 Sep. 2001. []

Katz, Samuel M. "Israeli Agents Live with the Enemy." Washington Times, 7 Oct. 2001. []

"Israel's elite commando undercover squads, or 'Mista'arvim,' have been one of its most effective, albeit controversial, tools" in the effort to crush Hamas and the Islamic Jihad. Such "undercover units [have been] a staple of special operations since long before the Jewish state came into existence."

Dobbs, Michael. "Myths Over Attacks on U.S. Swirl Through Islamic World: Many Rumors Lay Blame on an Israeli Conspiracy." Washington Post, 13 Oct. 2001, A22, [http://www.]

"Israeli agents did it. That, at least, is a theory widely discussed and believed in the Islamic world concerning who organized the suicide attacks of Sept. 11.... A slight twist to the theory has been provided by the Voice of Palestine radio, which is controlled by Yasser Arafat's Palestinian Authority. Earlier this week, the station reported, without providing any source, that the Mossad at least had advance knowledge of the hijackings, and that U.S. law enforcement officials had arrested three Mossad agents in connection with the attacks."

Shpiro, Shlomo. "Intelligence Services and Foreign Policy: German-Israeli Intelligence and Military Co-operation." German Politics 11, no. 1 (Apr. 2002): 23-42.

Middle East News Line. "Israel Transfers Mossad Agency Director." 3 Sep. 2002. [http://]

Ephraim Halevy, Mossad's director since 1997, "has been transferred to chair the National Security Council. Halevy will also remain at the Mossad until a replacement is appointed."

Eshel, David. "Israel Hones Intelligence Operations to Counter Intifada." Jane's Intelligence Review, Oct. 2002, 26.

Navon, Amit. "'Dipped His Head in Blood.'" Ma'ariv (Sofshayu'a Supplement) [in Hebrew], 11 Apr. 2003. []

[From FBIS Translation] "Of all the Shin Bet units and departments that shy away from public knowledge, ranging from the Jewish division to the prime minister's personal bodyguards, the [special] operations unit has most managed to maintain its anonymity.... The unit carries out an extensive range of operations, from tailing individual terrorists to spying on complex operations." The article includes comments from Danny Bar, a former member of the special operations unit who has recently published a book entitled Shahid (Martyr).

David, Steven R., and Yael Stein. "Israel's Policy of Targeted Killings." Ethics and International Affairs 17, no. 2 (Fall 2003).

BBC. "New Zealand Jails Israeli 'Spies.'" 15 Jul. 2004. []

New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark has announced that she will impose "diplomatic sanctions on Israel over the activities of two alleged members of the Israeli intelligence agency, Mossad." The Israelis, Uriel Zosha Kelman and Eli Cara, "were sentenced to six months in prison for trying to obtain New Zealand passports illegally."

Erlanger, Steven. "Israelis Fault Intelligence Agencies on Bombings by Hamas Cell." New York Times, 2 Sep. 2004. []

On 1 September 2004, "Israeli intelligence agencies came under careful criticism ... for their failure to crack the Hamas cell in Hebron that carried out the twin suicide bombings in Beersheba" on 31 August 2004.

Blanche, Ed. "Mossad's Misery." Middle East 352 (Jan. 2005): 18-19.

"According to Israel's Channel 2 television, more than 200 Mossad operatives, including seven heads of department (a rank equivalent to major-general in the military) have left the organisation since General Meir Dagan,... took over as director on 30 October 2002.... Channel 2 said the current upheaval stemmed mainly from Dagan's focus on undercover operations against Islamic jihadists and their fellow-travellers. The TV station said in a lengthy investigative programme that senior Mossad figures had been tied up with 'fending off mad ideas for operations' presented by Dagan."

Dan, Uri. "Spy Steps Out of Shadows into Key Role." New York Post, 29 Mar. 2006. []

Rafi Eitan, "the legendary Mossad spymaster who handled Jonathan Pollard," may be the "key man for any future coalition in Ehud Olmert's government.... Eitan's new Pensioners Party ... looks to win enough seats in the 120-member Knesset to make it a possible partner with Olmert to form a stable governing majority."

CNN. "Russia Launches Israeli Spy Satellite." 25 Apr. 2006. []

On 25 April 2006, Russia "launched a satellite for Israel that the Israelis say will be used to spy on Iran's nuclear program. The Eros B satellite was launched from a mobile pad at the Svobodny cosmodrome in the Far East.... The satellite is designed to spot images on the ground as small as 27 1/2 inches, an Israeli defense official said." The official added that "''This satellite has very high resolution, and (state-run) Israel Aircraft Industries has a great ability to process information that is relayed.'"

Bar-Joseph, Uri. "Israel's Military Intelligence Performance in the Second Lebanon War." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 20, no. 4 (Winter 2007): 583-601.

There was a "gap between AMAN's correct strategic estimates prior to the war, and its failure to draw the obvious conclusions from this assessment." Also, Aman was overly reliant on "the high tech methods of collecting intelligence information." In addition, "the need to provide targets that can be destroyed by guided munitions should not overrule other, more traditional intelligence missions."

Melman, Yossi. "Satellite Launch Bolsters Ability to Spy on Tehran." Haaretz, 21 Jan. 2008. []

On 21 January 2008, Israel launched "a sophisticated new spy satellite, designated TECSAR.... The satellite was sent into orbit from the Sriharikota Launching Range in India, using an Indian rocket.... The TECSAR, manufactured by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), has the ability to use radar to identify targets even under adverse weather conditions including dense clouds. As such, it differs from Israel's Ofek series of reconnaissance satellites, which rely on cameras."

Nasr, Joseph. "Israel Extends Mossad Spymaster Dagan's Tenure." Reuters, 22 Jun. 2008. []

On 22 June 2008, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert "extended the tenure" of Mossad head Meir Dagan "for a second time.... Meir Dagan, an army ex-general, took over Mossad in 2002."

Baker, Luke. "Israel Engaged in Covert War Inside Iran: Report." Reuters, 17 Feb. 2009. []

"[Q]uoting a former CIA agent and intelligence experts," Britain's Daily Telegraph said on 17 February 2009 that "Israel is involved in a covert war of sabotage inside Iran to try to delay Tehran's alleged attempts to develop a nuclear weapon.... Some analysts caution that reports of such a 'dirty war' may form part of a psychological warfare campaign to unsettle Iran."

Luvitch, Vered. "Israeli Spy's Petition for Early Parole Denied." Israel News, 11 Mar. 2009. []

On 11 March 2009, the Tel Aviv District Court "denied a petition filed by jailed Israeli spy Nahum Manbar, to seek early parole.... Manbar was convicted of a slew of security offenses in 1998, including selling potentially harmful information to an enemy state, namely Iran, aiding the enemy and hindering national security."

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