National Security and Environmental Concerns

C - D


Campbell, Kurt M., ed. Climatic Cataclysm: The Foreign Policy and National Security Implications of Climate Change. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2008.

Aranda, Air & Space Power Journal 25.1 (Spring 2011), finds the strength of this anthology "in the authors' sound geopolitical analysis of the impact of potential climate change. However, they offer little in terms of analyzing the cause. Although climate scientists deem the scenarios [that are presented] plausible, they suggest no way of evaluating their likelihood." Nonetheless, this is "an imaginative and worthwhile examination of what could become the greatest threat to our nation's security."

Carius, Alexander, et al. "NATO/CCMS [Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society] Pilot Study: Environment and Security in an International Context -- State of the Art and Perspectives, [Excerpts from] Interim Report, October 1996." Environmental Change and Security Report 3 (Spring 1997): 55-65.

Chalecki, Beth. "Plowshares into Swords: The Links between Environmental Issues and International Security." Pacific Institute Report (Spring 1999): 3-5.

Chou, Sophie, Ross Bezark, and Anne Wilson. "Water Scarcity in River Basins as a Security Problem." Environmental Change and Security Report 3 (Spring 1997): 96-105.

Claussen, Eileen. "Environment and Security: The Challenge of Integration. An Address to the Woodrow Wilson Center's Environment and Security Discussion Group." Environmental Change and Security Report 1 (Spring 1995): 40-43.

Claussen is Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Global Environmental Affairs at the National Security Council. Her remarks were made on 6 October 1994.

Committee on National Security Implications of Climate Change for U.S. Naval Forces. National Research Council. National Security Implications of Climate Change for U.S. Naval Forces. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2011. []

"[T]he committee found that even the most moderate current trends in climate, if continued, will present new national security challenges for the U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. While the timing, degree, and consequences of future climate change impacts remain uncertain, many changes are already underway in regions around the world, such as in the Arctic, and call for action by U.S. naval leadership in response."

Cowan, Ian B. "Security Implications of Global Climate Changes." Canadian Defence Quarterly 19 (Autumn 1989): 43-49.

Critchley, W. Harriet, and Terry Terriff. "Environment and Security." In Security Studies for the 1990s, eds. Richard Shultz, Roy Godson, and Ted Greenwood, 327-352. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 1993.

Dabelko, David D., and Geoffrey D. Dabelko. "The International Environment and the U.S. Intelligence Community." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 6, no. 1 (Spring 1993): 21-41.

The intelligence community can "enhance national security by first recognizing the connections between the environment and ... security, and second, by redefining its mission in terms of these environmental threats.... With this altered focus, the intelligence community will augment existing environmental data with a great deal of indispensable information that relates directly to environmental phenomena.... In this manner, cooperation between the intelligence community and the environmental community will enhance security for the United States and the world."

Dabelko, Geoffrey D.

1. "Security Perils in the 1990s." The Georgetown Compass 2 (Winter 1991): 50-53.

2. And David D. Dabelko. "Environmental Security: Issues of Conflict and Redefinition." Environmental Change and Security Report 1 (Spring 1995): 3-13.

Dabelko, Geoffrey D., ed. "The U.S. National Intelligence Council's Global Trends 2015: Excerpts, Commentaries, and Response." Environmental Change & Security Project Report 7 (Summer 2001): 59-99.

There are 14 brief responses to the NIC's report included here, as well as a response by Ellen Laipson, acting chair of the NIC. See National Intelligence Council, Global Trends 2015: A Dialogue about the Future with Nongovernment Experts (Washington, DC: NIC, 2001). []

Dalby, Simon.

1. Environmental Security. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2002.

Krause, Environmental Change & Security Project Report 9 (2003), sees Dalby's work as "a serious attempt to grapple with the broader issues that arise from any attempt to understand modern society's relationship to the environment, and to the threats and insecurities emeging from the complex ... interaction of man and nature."

2. Security and Environmental Change. Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2009.

Salehyan, Perspectives on Politics 9.1 (Mar. 2011), says that this work "presents a comprehensive overview of the ways that environmental challenges affect human security at multiple levels, including individuals, countries, and the planet as a whole."

3. "Jousting with Malthus' Ghost: Environment and Conflict after the Cold War." Geopolitics 5, no. 1 (2000): 165-175.

4. "The Politics of Environmental Security." In Green Security or Militarized Environment? ed. Jyrki Käkönen, 25-54. Brookfield: Dartmouth Publishing Co., 1994.

5. "Security and Ecology in the Age of Globalization." Environmental Change & Security Project Report 8 (Summer 2002): 95-108.

6. "Security, Intelligence, the National Interest and the Global Environment." Intelligence and National Security 10, no. 4 (Oct. 1995): 175-197.

"[I]f one takes the global situation of burgeoning environmental degradation and global change seriously, then it is clear that security agencies need substantial reform to incorporate a focus on 'domestic' sources of insecurity in the form of unsustainable economic activities and on the international dangers of continued 'development' as it has been practiced for the last half century."

DeBardeleben, Joan, and John Hannigan, eds. Environmental Security and Quality After Communism. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1994.

Deibert, Ronald J. "From Deep Black to Green? Demystifying the Military Monitoring of the Environment." Environmental Change and Security Report 2 (Spring 1996): 28-32.

The value of this article is diminished by what is either an extremely naive or overtly hostile attitude toward the military and the intelligence community. References to "some of the more notorious episodes of deceit involving the NRO" and to "the secretive and duplicitous culture of the NRO and its associated intelligence agencies" do little to further the discussion and, in fact, betray a lack of understanding of the role and functions of the NRO.

de Sherbinin, Alex. "World Population Growth and U.S. National Security." Environmental Change and Security Report 1 (Spring 1995): 24-39.

"The relatively new field of environmental security has given prominence to demographic trends as one of a number of factors that can lead to violent conflict and migration and refugee flows."

Deudney, Daniel.

1. "The Case Against Linking Environmental Degradation and National Security." Millennium 19 (1990): 461-476.

2. "Environment and Security: Muddled Thinking." Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Apr. 1991, 23-28.

3. and Richard Matthew, eds. Contested Grounds: Security and Conflict in the New Environmental Politics. New York: SUNY Press, 1995.

Dyer, Hugh. "Coping and Conformity in International Relations: Environmental Values in the Post-Cold War World." Journal of International Relations and Development 3, no. 1 (2000): 6-23.

Return to National Security Table of Contents