Materials presented in chronological order.

Gertz, Bill. "Foreign Spy Activity Surges to Fill Technology Gap." Washington Times, 3 Jan. 2007. []

An annual report by the Defense Security Service's counterintelligence office, "Technology Collection Trends in the U.S. Defense Industry," asserts that "foreign spies are stepping up efforts to obtain secret U.S. technology through methods ranging from sexual entrapment to Internet hacking, with China and other Asian countries leading the targeting of U.S. defense contractors." The report noted that "the use of third countries to disguise collection will continue as a common tactic."

Pincus, Walter. "Who Stalled the Intelligence Bill?" Washington Post, 8 Mar. 2007, A21. []

On 6 March 2007, "[f]or what could become the third year in a row," the U.S. Senate failed to "pass an Intelligence Authorization Bill," because of "the objection of a lone Republican senator whose name is being protected by his colleagues.... Sen. Jim DeMint (R-S.C.), a member of the Foreign Relations Committee, was named by Congressional Quarterly [on 7 March 2007] as the member who put the bill on hold.... [S]ources said that they believe the hold is due to White House objections to specific provisions, including public disclosure of the national intelligence budget; a requirement for a report on secret CIA prisons; and response to information requests by the committee chairman and vice chairman within 30 days."

Shanker, Thom, and Mark Mazzetti. "New Defense Chief Eases Relations Rumsfeld Bruised."  New York Times, 12 Mar. 2007. []

"Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates has set in motion a review of the Pentagon's dealings with the nation's spy agencies to improve cooperation and heal working relationships bruised by his predecessor.... Gates has met with the directors of the various intelligence agencies and asked them to generate an assessment of what is working, and what is not, in the relationships within an intelligence community."

Harris, Shane. "The Boys Are Back in Town." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 133, no. 4 (Apr. 2007): 26-30.

"Four seasoned intelligence hands who know and like each other now control most of the nation's spies." The reference is to Defense Secretary Gates, DNI McConnell, Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence Clapper, and DCIA Hayden.

Levin, Carl. "Press Release: Levin Releases Newly Declassified Pentagon Inspector General Report on Intelligence Assessment Activities of the Office of Under Secretary of Defense Doug Feith." 5 Apr. 2007. []

In releasing the report, Sen. Carl Levin (D-MI), Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said: "It is important for the public to see why the Pentagon's Inspector General [IG] concluded that [Under] Secretary [of Defense for Policy Douglas J.] Feith's office 'developed, produced and then disseminated alternative intelligence assessments on the Iraq and al-Qaeda relationship,' which included 'conclusions that were inconsistent with the consensus of the Intelligence Community,' and why the Inspector General concluded that these actions were 'inappropriate.'"

The declassified report by the Pentagon Inspector General, dated 9 February 2007, is available at: http://www.fas/org/irp/agency/dod/ig020907-decl.pdf. A rebuttal from Feith's Office, dated 16 January 2007, to a draft version of the IG report, is available at: The arguments in the latter amount to a lengthy "we didn't do anything wrong."

Pincus, Walter. "Pentagon to End Talon Data-Gathering Program." Washington Post, 26 Apr. 2007, A10. []

Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence James R. Clapper, Jr. "is moving to end the controversial Talon electronic data program. The program "collected and circulated unverified reports about people and organizations that allegedly threaten Defense Department facilities." Talon -- Threat and Local Observation Notices -- began in 2003 and has been "operated under the direction of the Counterintelligence Field Activity" (CIFA).

Shane, Scott. "Government Keeps a Secret After Studying Spy Agencies." New York Times, 26 Apr. 2007. []

In a telephone briefing, Ronald P. Sanders, the DNI's chief human capital officer, discussed a study of "just how many contractors work" in the Intelligence Community. Sanders said the study found "that about 25 percent of the intelligence work now contracted out resulted from personnel ceilings imposed by Congress. But 25 percent of what, he said he could not disclose." See also, Richard Willing, "Contractors Playing Major Role in U.S. Intelligence," USA Today, 25 Apr. 2007.

Harris, Shane. "The Spy Gap.", 1 May 2007. []

The focus begins on T.J. Waters, author of Class 11 (2006), and why he (and others) have chosen to leave the Intelligence Community for more lucrative employment elsewhere. "Old hands have a name for these 21st century rookies.... They call them, derisively, the 'millennials.'... The federal intelligence community has become a place where the millennials learn spying tradecraft, obtain a coveted top-level security clearance and then bolt to contractors for heftier paychecks." Ronald Sanders, chief human capital officer at ODNI, is quoted on the potential "human capital crisis." Others quoted include Mark Lowenthal, Thomas Fingar, and Lindsay Moran.

Shrader, Katherine. "New Agency IARPA Develops Spy Tools." Associated Press, 31 May 2007. []

A new agency, the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA), has the task of developing "groundbreaking technology for the 16 spy agencies." Steve Nixon is IARPA's acting director. However, the HPSCI "has questions about whether the government truly needs" the organization. There is also "resistance within the CIA..., according to officials who spoke about the concerns privately." The new intelligence organization "will be based at the University of Maryland and staffed with 56 intelligence professionals from the CIA and from [the DNI's] organization."

Solomon, John. "In Intelligence World, A Mute Watchdog: Panel Reported No Violations for Five Years." Washington Post, 15 Jul. 2007, A3. []

In a report in May 2007, the Justice Department told the House Judiciary Committee that the President's Intelligence Oversight Board [IOB], "the principal civilian watchdog of the intelligence community," sent no "reports to the attorney general of legal violations during the first 5 1/2 years of the Bush administration's counterterrorism effort."

Shane, Scott. "Logged In and Sharing Gossip, er, Intelligence." New York Times, 2 Sep. 2007. []

According to officials, the intelligence agencies will in December introduce "A-Space, a top-secret variant of the social networking Web sites MySpace and Facebook. The 'A' stands for 'analyst.'" Intelligence analysts will use A-Space to compare notes. A-Space joins "Intellipedia,... where intelligence officers from all 16 American spy agencies pool their knowledge. Sixteen months after its creation, officials say, the top-secret version of Intellipedia has 29,255 articles, with an average of 114 new articles and more than 4,800 edits to articles added each workday.

"A separate online Library of National Intelligence is to include all official intelligence reports sent out by each agency, offering suggestions: if you liked that piece on Venezuela’s oil reserves, how about this one on Russia's? And blogs, accessible only to other spies, are proliferating behind the security fences."

Hess, Pamela. "US Spent $43.5 Billion on Intel in 2007." Associated Press, 30 Oct. 2007. []

According to DNI Mike McConnell on 30 October 2007, "[t]he U.S. government spent $43.5 billion on intelligence in 2007." The figure was released "under a new law implementing recommendations of the Sept. 11 commission.... Around 80 percent of the intelligence budget is consumed by military intelligence agencies, including the National Security Agency and the National Reconnaissance Office."

Walter Pincus, "2007 Spying Said to Cost $50 Billion," Washington Post, 30 Oct. 2007, A4, notes that when military spending is added to the figure released by the DNI, "aggregate U.S. intelligence spending for fiscal 2007 exceeded $50 billion." Mark Mazzetti, "$43.5 Billion Spying Budget for Year, Not Including Military," New York Times, 30 May 2006, adds that the figure released by McConnell is for those activities that are part of the National Intelligence Program.

Mazzetti, Mark. "New Data and New Methods Lead to Revised View on Iran." New York Times, 5 Dec. 2007. []

A National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) released on 3 December 2007 "concludes with 'high confidence' that Iran halted work on its nuclear weapons program in 2003." An NIE in 2005 had found that "Iran's leaders were working tirelessly to acquire a nuclear weapon."

Warrick, Joby, and Walter Pincus. "Lessons of Iraq Aided Intelligence on Iran: Officials Cite New Caution and a Surge in Spying." Washington Post, 5 Dec. 2007, A1. []

"The starkly different view of Iran's nuclear program that emerged" from a National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) released on 3 December 2007 "was the product of a surge in clandestine intelligence-gathering in Iran as well as radical changes in the way the intelligence community analyzes information.... Former and current intelligence officials say the new NIE reflects new analytical methods ordered by [DNI Mike] McConnell."

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