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Materials presented in chronological order.

Lathem, Niles. "Rich was Spy for Israel." New York Post, 5 Feb. 2001. [http://www.]

Marc Rich, the fugitive commodities trader pardoned by President Clinton, "lived a double life during his 20 years as a fugitive, funneling secret data to Israeli and other intelligence services about some unsavory governments.... [D]etails about Rich's ultimate high-wire act as a spy for Israel and other countries were provided to The Post as congressional committees prepare to hold hearings into former President Bill Clinton's controversial decision to pardon" Rich.

Loeb, Vernon. "Senate Quest for 'Parity' Turns Partisan." Washington Post, 6 Feb. 2001, A15. []

"With Senate power sharing in force, Sens. Richard C. Shelby (R-Ala.) and Bob Graham (D-Fla.) are nonetheless struggling over how to organize" the SSCI. See also, James Risen, "Senate Power-Sharing Pact Strained by Intelligence Committee," New York Times, 14 Feb. 2001.

Perlez, Jane. "Directive Says Rice, Bush Aide, Won't Be Upstaged by Cheney." New York Times, 16 Feb. 2001. []

In National Security Presidential Directive 1, issued on 15 February 2001, President Bush gave national security adviser Condoleezza Rice "the traditional powers of her post and rejected suggestions that Vice President Cheney" head the principals' meetings. At such meetings, "[t]he secretaries of state and defense debate the most urgent foreign policy decisions..., though they are not attended by the president."

Smith, R. Jeffrey. "U.S. Data Aiding Macedonia." Washington Post, 21 Mar. 2001, A1. []

According to Macedonian officials on 20 March 2001, "U.S. forces in Kosovo are providing aerial photos and other military intelligence to Macedonian army officers.... At the Pentagon, Rear Adm. Craig Quigley, a senior spokesman,... said, 'I am not aware of any unilateral U.S.-to-Macedonian exchanges.' But he said it is possible that the Macedonians had received information from a U.S. officer seconded to a NATO unit, and so working outside the U.S. chain of command."

Pomfret, John. "Senior Chinese Military Officer Defects to U.S." Washington Post, 23 Mar. 2001, A18. []

"[K]nowledgeable U.S. sources" have confirmed that a "senior colonel" in the Chinese PLA "defected to the United States while visiting as part of a delegation of Chinese officers." Chinese sources "identified him as a member of the foreign affairs department of the army's general staff who was involved in managing China's military relations with the United States and disarmament issues."

Wise, David. "Spies Will Be Spies." New York Times, 25 Mar. 2001. [http://www.]

The author argues that for the intelligence agencies on the two sides, the expulsion of 50 Russian diplomats from the United States and Russia's quick retaliation "do not signal a return to the cold war. For them, it never ended.... This round of expulsions ... increases the problems of the C.I.A., which has never had as many spies in its Moscow embassy and consulates as the Russians have in this country. Now the agency will lose officers in Russia, thinning its ranks even further.... The spying will continue.... All countries want to learn each other's secrets, and that desire did not end with the cold war. Presidents on both sides demand information on which to base their policy decisions, and secret information is highly prized."

Risen, James. "News Analysis: Intelligence Fallouts for Bush." New York Times, 27 Apr. 2001. []

President George W. Bush has now seen that U.S. "intelligence operations can lead to some of the most delicate foreign policy crises that an American leader can confront. Two significant flare-ups early in his term -- the collision of an American spy plane and a Chinese fighter, and the mistaken downing of a plane carrying a missionary family over Peru during an anti-narcotics operation -- involved elements of American intelligence."

Loeb, Vernon. "U.S. Intelligence Efforts to Get Major Review." Washington Post, 12 May 2001, A3. []

On 9 May 2001, President George W. Bush signed National Security Presidential Directive 5, ordering "a comprehensive review of the nation's intelligence capabilities." DCI George J. Tenet is directed "to determine how the CIA and a dozen sister agencies are coping with rapid technological change and difficult new targets.... Tenet must name an internal panel of intelligence officials and an external panel from the private sector to conduct the review and make recommendations. The directive calls for Tenet to consult with national security adviser Condoleezza Rice in naming the external team."

Loeb, Vernon. "CIA Panel May Lack Voice for Change." Washington Post, 7 Aug. 2001, A13. []

The eight-member panel of experts selected by DCI George J. Tenet to conduct a "comprehensive review" of U.S. intelligence is headed by retired Gen. Brent Scowcroft and includes retired Adm. David Jeremiah; former CIA deputy director Richard Kerr; former undersecretary of state Stapleton Roy; former deputy attorney general Jamie Gorelick; John Foster, a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board from 1973 to 1990; Jeong Kim, an information technology expert who serves on the board of In-Q-Tel; and William Schneider, a businessman who heads the Defense Science Board.

Some questions exist as to whether the panel includes "voices for radical change." According to Robert D. Steele, who heads Open Source Solutions: "There isn't a single iconoclast in the group." However, Jack Devine, a former top CIA operations official, disagrees, noting that "the Scowcroft panel is more than a rubber stamp for the status quo, particularly with people such as Kerr and Jeremiah on board."

Pincus, Walter. "A Tempting Site for Spies' Eyes: Recent Case Rekindles Doubts About Posting Classified Data on the Web." Washington Post, 3 Sep. 2001, A2. [http://www.]

"Former Air Force Master Sgt. Brian P. Regan's alleged attempt to sell to Libya documents he downloaded from Intelink, the U.S. intelligence community's classified Web site, has reopened long-standing doubts about putting all that secret data in one place."

Pincus, Walter. "House Panel Suggests Revamping Intelligence." Washington Post, 2 Oct. 2001, A11. []

In a report on the fiscal 2002 intelligence authorization bill, HPSCI "has suggested in the wake of the Sept. 11 attacks that a 'fresh look' be taken at restructuring the CIA and the rest of the U.S. intelligence community, including establishment of a separate clandestine service devoted to human intelligence."

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