June - December

Materials arranged chronologically.

Van Natta, Don, Jr., and David Johnston. "Wary of Risk, Slow to Adapt, F.B.I. Stumbles in Terror War." New York Times, 2 Jun. 2002. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"Interviews with ... current and former F.B.I., Justice Department and intelligence officials ... suggest that [FBI Director] Mueller faces many hurdles in fulfilling his promise to transform the agency's rigid, risk-averse culture into the kind of terror prevention agency he foresees. Some officials even question whether the bureau can be salvaged, or whether it should be broken apart so that the government can create a domestic intelligence agency separate from the F.B.I."

VandeHei, Jim, and Dan Eggen. "Hill Eyes Shifting Parts of FBI, CIA: Homeland Security Department Would Get Own Operatives." Washington Post, 13 June. 2002, A1. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]

"Congressional leaders are strongly considering granting to a new Department of Homeland Security authority over parts of the CIA and the FBI, a complex and controversial restructuring of the nation's intelligence apparatus that President Bush opposes."

Risen, James. "C.I.A. and F.B.I. Agree to Truce in War of Leaks vs. Counterleaks." New York Times, 14 Jun. 2002. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Officials familiar with the talks said on 13 June 2002 that "[t]op officials of the C.I.A. and the F.B.I. have quietly negotiated a cease-fire between the two agencies, which have been in a war of news leaks and finger-pointing about the intelligence failures leading to the Sept. 11 attacks."

Pincus, Walter. "Congress to Postpone Revamping of FBI, CIA; Homeland Security Agency Becomes Legislative Focus." Washington Post, 2 Jul. 2002, A1. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]

"Congress will put off a reorganization of the FBI and CIA ... until it establishes a Department of Homeland Security, according to Bush administration and congressional sources.... The delay underscored the increasing awareness on Capitol Hill that reorganizing the CIA, FBI, National Security Agency and other intelligence bodies is an extraordinarily complex undertaking about which there is little agreement on what needs to be fixed or, indeed, whether any changes are even required."

Whitelaw, Kevin, and David E. Kaplan. “Gumshoes and Spooks.” U.S. News & World Report, Commemorative Issue of 9/11, Sep. 2002, 62.

“After the catastrophic terrorist attacks, government agencies banded together to fight al Qaeda. The results were swift -- a global roundup of some suspected al Qaeda operatives. Still, it's been a struggle at times to get the FBI and CIA to overcome their history and divergent cultures.”

Johnston, David. "Former F.B.I. Director Faults Lawmakers on Terror Fight." New York Times, 9 Oct. 2002. [http://www.nytimes.com] 

Testifying on 8 October 2002 before the joint congressional committee investigating the 9/11 attacks, former FBI Director Louis J. Freeh "faulted lawmakers ... for failing to approve bigger budgets that he said were vital to the F.B.I.'s antiterror effort.... Freeh said he fought throughout his eight-year tenure to make terrorism a high priority, but was hobbled by a lack of money and legal restraints that hampered the bureau in penetrating terror networks."

Eggen, Dan. "FBI Misused Secret Wiretaps, According to Memo." Washington Post, 10 Oct. 2002, A14. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to an internal FBI memorandum obtained by Rep. William D. Delehunt (D-MA), the "FBI illegally videotaped suspects, improperly recorded telephone calls and intercepted e-mails without court permission in more than a dozen secret terrorism and intelligence investigations.... The errors in the first three months of 2000 were considered so egregious that FBI officials in Washington launched a wholesale review of the agency's use of secret wiretaps and searches."

Priest, Dana, and Dan Eggen. "Officials Question FBI Terror Readiness." Washington Post, 12 Nov. 2002, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"[M]any government officials are growing concerned that the FBI is dangerously unprepared to detect or thwart [terrorist] strikes on U.S. soil.... The FBI's ability to convert from a primarily case-oriented criminal justice agency into a domestic investigatory body is being questioned and debated with great urgency by the National Security Council, members of Congress and intelligence experts who have been called in to help out. FBI officials strongly dispute critics' assessment of their preparations."

Priest, Dana, and Dan Eggen. "Bush Aides Consider Domestic Spy Agency." Washington Post, 16 Nov. 2002, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to government officials and intelligence experts, "President Bush's top national security advisers have begun discussing the creation of a new, domestic intelligence agency that would take over responsibility for counterterrorism spying and analysis from the FBI."

Eggen, Dan. "Mueller Defends FBI's Performance." Washington Post, 20 Dec. 2002, A41. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Johnston, David. "FBI Director Rejects Agency for Intelligence in United States." New York Times, 20 Dec. 2002, A16.

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