January - May

Materials arranged chronologically.

Johnston, David. "F.B.I. Agent Ousted Over Her Handling of a Spying Inquiry." 30 Jan. 2002. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to "bureau officials," FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III has removed Sheila Horan from her position as acting head of the bureau's national security division "over her handling of an investigation into suspicions of Chinese espionage." Horan has been transferred "to an administrative support position" and is "expected to leave the bureau." FBI officials said Mueller "had lost patience with" Horan "for failing, in his view, to conduct a sufficiently aggressive inquiry" into "suspicions that China tried to recruit a spy against the United States."

U.S. Department of Justice. Commission for the Review of FBI Security Programs [Webster Commission]. A Review of FBI Security Programs. Washington, DC: 31 Mar. 2002. Available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/doj/fbi/websterreport.html.

From "Executive Summary": This commission "was established in response to possibly the worst intelligence disaster in U.S. history: the treason of Robert Hanssen.... During our review of FBI security programs, we found significant deficiencies in Bureau policy and practice. Those deficiencies flow from a pervasive inattention to security.... In the Bureau, security is often viewed as an impediment to operations, and security responsibilities are seen as an impediment to career advancement." See also, Walter Pincus, "Hanssen Blamed for Identifying 50 FBI Informants to Russians," Washington Post, 6 Apr. 2002, A4.

Eggen, Dan. "Senators Criticize FBI Chief For Not Acting on Warning: Mueller Says Plot Would Not Have Been Uncovered." Washington Post, 9 May 2002, A29. [http//www. washingtonpost.com]

"In some of the strongest public criticism of the FBI since Sept. 11, Democratic senators [on 8 May 2002] upbraided the bureau for not aggressively pursuing an internal report last July that suspected terrorists might be enrolling in U.S. aviation schools."

Eggen, Dan. "FBI Director to Propose 'Super Squad' for Terror." Washington Post, 15 May 2002, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to those familiar with FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III's plans, an "FBI 'super squad,' headquartered in Washington, would lead all major terrorism investigations worldwide.... The proposed shift would include the hiring of hundreds of agents and analysts as well as the creation of an Office of Intelligence, headed by a former CIA official, that would serve as a national clearinghouse for classified terrorism information."

Pincus, Walter, and Dana Priest. "CIA Analysts to Help FBI Shift Focus: Terrorism Prevention Key to New Approach." Washington Post, 26 May 2002, A1. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]

According to senior FBI officials, more than 25 CIA analysts and a senior manager from the CIA's Directorate of Intelligence will be dispatched "to help the FBI upgrade its ability ... to analyze intelligence and criminal data for use in preventing terrorist acts" and to "assist FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III in reshaping the bureau into an agency more focused on counterterrorism. Another group of CIA analysts will soon be dispatched to 10 major U.S. cities to review FBI terrorist cases being pursued in field offices to see whether intelligence information has been missed....

"The CIA transfers illustrate one of the major changes involved in Mueller's FBI overhaul, an approach that will emphasize gathering information to prevent terrorist acts inside the United States while reducing the bureau's traditional criminal work" on matters that the FBI Director "believes can be handled by local law enforcement."

Pincus, Walter. "FBI Said to Need Intelligence Help: House Panel Chairman: Terrorism Demands 'Readjustment.'" Washington Post, 27 May 2002, A7. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]

HPSCI chairman Rep. Porter J. Goss (R-FL) said on 26 May 2002 "that he does not think the FBI is presently capable of doing the intelligence analysis work needed to head off terrorist activities within the United States."

Eggen, Dan. "'Carnivore' Glitches Blamed for FBI Woes: Problems With E-Mail Surveillance Program Led to Mishandling of al Qaeda Probe in 2000, Memo Says." Washington Post, 29 May 2002, A7. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to an FBI internal memorandum released on 28 May 2002, the "FBI mishandled a surveillance operation involving Osama bin Laden's terror network two years ago because of technical problems with the controversial Carnivore e-mail program." The FBI's Osama bin Laden unit acquired in March 2000 a FISA warrant "for use against a suspect in an investigation based in Denver.... The memo says that on March 16, 2000, the Carnivore 'software was turned on and did not work properly,' capturing e-mails involving both the target and others unconnected to the case. The memo goes on to say that 'the FBI technical person was apparently so upset that he destroyed all the E-Mail take, including the take' from the target."

Eggen, Dan, and Susan Schmidt. "Mueller: Clues Might Have Led To Sept. 11 Plot." Washington Post, 30 May 2002, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Speaking at a news conference on 29 May 2002, FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III said that "investigators might have been able to uncover part of the Sept. 11 plot if the FBI had properly put together all the clues in the possession of the bureau and other agencies." He added, however, "that the Minnesota arrest of alleged Sept. 11 conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui and warnings from a Phoenix FBI agent about terrorists at aviation schools would not, on their own, have led investigators to the Sept. 11 plot. But if the FBI had connected those two cases with other evidence that Osama bin Laden's al Qaeda terrorist network was keenly interested in aviation, Mueller said, 'who is to say' what could have been discovered."

Washington Post. "[Editorial:] The New FBI." 31 May 2002, A30. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]

"Taken together, the changes in law approved by Congress after Sept. 11 and the plans announced this week to restructure the FBI constitute a shift of historic proportions: The FBI is becoming a domestic intelligence agency. Aspects of this development are both inevitable and needed.... [But] the new FBI taking shape as a domestic intelligence agency calls to mind past abuses and future risks that must be soberly considered."

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