Click for reportage on the February 2000 Los Angeles court decision on the release of FBI materials on John Lennon.
Click for reportage on the February 2001 arrest of Robert Philip Hanssen on charges of espionage.
Materials arranged chronologically.
Brewin, Bob. "FBI Beefs Up Cyberagent Squads Nationwide." Federal Computer Week, 14 Jan. 2000. [http://www.fcw.com]
"The National Plan for Information Systems Protection, released on Jan. 12[, 2000] by President Clinton, outlines plans for the FBI's National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC) to establish a National Infrastructure Protection and Computer Intrusion Program in the agency's counterterrorism division. The NIPC is charged with centrally managing the nation's defense of telecommunications systems, railroads and electric power systems against attacks."
Jonkers, Roy K. [COL/USAF (Ret.)] "FBI's Carnivore Under Pressure." AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes 28-00 (16 Jul. 2000). [http://www.his.com/~afio/]
"[A] recently deployed FBI system nicknamed Carnivore, designed to allow law enforcement agents to intercept and analyze email in the course of an investigation," is coming under attack from civil liberties and privacy groups. When the system "is placed at Internet Service Provider [ISP] sites it can scan all incoming and outgoing emails for messages associated with a criminal investigation."
Associated Press. "Congress Probes F.B.I. E-Mail Snooping Device." 25 Jul. 2000. [http://www.nytimes.com]
On 24 July 2000, at hearings before the House Judiciary Committee's Constitution panel, "[l]awmakers of both parties grilled FBI officials ... over the bureau's use of 'Carnivore,' a device designed to monitor and capture e-mail messages in a criminal investigation."
Sniffen, Michael J. "FBI Intelligence Efforts Have Risen Sharply." Washington Post, 28 Aug. 2000, A2. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
According to a report from Syracuse University's Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) on 27 August 2000, "[t]he number of FBI intelligence officers has grown almost fivefold during the Clinton administration.... Citing federal employment data, [TRAC] said the total of FBI intelligence officers increased from 224 in 1992 to 1,025 in 1999, but their exact duties are not known."
Vise, David A. "The FBI's New Global Reach." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 6 Nov. 2000, 29-30.
The FBI now has "a permanent presence in 44 nations." FBI Director Louis J. Freeh "is quick to point out that the globalization of the bureau, whether it is in fighting terrorism, organized crime, money laundering or computer hacking, mirrors the globalization of crime." Under Freeh, the bureau has created a "sleek and secure" Strategic Information and Operations Center (SIOC), which "can handle four international crises at once."
Hopper, D. Ian. "FBI Can Spy More Widely on Web than Thought." Chicago Sun Times, 18 Nov. 2000. [http://www.suntimes.com]
"The FBI's [Carnivore] e-mail surveillance tool ... can retrieve all communications that go through an Internet service ... a recent test found, according to bureau documents." The Washington-based Electronic Privacy Information Center "obtained the FBI documents providing the test results as part of [FOIA] litigation.... While law enforcement officials have admitted that Carnivore can capture much more than e-mail, including Internet chats and Web browsing, FBI officials insist it is only used to copy e-mail to or from a criminal suspect in accordance with a court order. Opponents say the system's secrecy keeps the public from knowing what it can really do."
Munro, Neil, and Elisabeth Frater. "Figuring Out Freeh: Despite a String of Controversies, He Has Survived and the FBI Has Extended Its Reach." National Journal, 2 Dec. 2000, 3732-3737.
Kessler, Ronald. "Fire Freeh." Washington Post, 27 Feb. 2001, A23.
In this Op-Ed piece, the author points to the FBI Director's failure to implement FBI-wide polygraph tests as the latest of a series of mistakes on Freeh's part. "[U]nder Freeh's leadership, the FBI has lurched from one debacle to another. In almost every case, Freeh has been personally involved and has often contributed to the fiascoes.... [President] Bush ... should move quickly to replace Freeh with a director who will inspire confidence."
Eggen, Dan. "A Tough, No-Nonsense Manager for the FBI." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 16-22 Jul. 2001, 30.
Background on Robert S. Mueller, III, nominated on 5 July 2001 to be FBI Director.
Risen, James, and David Johnston. "The Wronged Man: C.I.A. Officer Mistaken for Spy Down the Street." New York Times, 11 Aug. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]
The CIA has "quietly reinstated a senior counterintelligence officer who ... spent 18 months under investigation as a suspected Russian spy. There was ... no formal apology as he returned from professional exile. But in effect, the C.I.A was saying there had been a terrible mistake.... For a year and a half, he had lived under the shadow of suspected disloyalty as he was the target of an intensive investigation by the F.B.I. Then, on Feb. 18, the F.B.I. arrested one of its own: Robert P. Hanssen.... Law enforcement and intelligence officials now say that it was Mr. Hanssen, not the C.I.A. officer, who was the mole they had been hunting."
Eggen, Dan. "FBI Apologizes to CIA Spy Suspect." Washington Post, 11 Sep. 2001, A5. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
"The FBI has formally apologized to a CIA intelligence officer who had been suspended from duty for 21 months after he was wrongly targeted as a spy." The apology came in a letter sent by Neil J. Gallagher, assistant director in charge of the FBI's national security division, to the officer last month. "'I sincerely regret the adverse impact that this investigation had on you and the members of your family,' Gallagher wrote in a letter dated Aug. 16."
Warrick, Joby, et al. "FBI Agents Ill-Equipped to Predict Terror Acts." Washington Post, 23 Sep. 2001, A1. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]
The 9/11 attacks found the FBI "ill-equipped and unprepared. An agency that must track terrorists who rely heavily on technology lacks computers that can quickly access the Internet. Boxes of evidence have piled up in previous terrorist plots, but the FBI has not had translators to decipher them. It lacks Arab agents who can penetrate terrorist cells and has too few veterans who see connections among foreign suspects and far-flung sites."
Eggen, Dan, and Jim McGee. "FBI Rushes To Remake Its Mission: Counterterrorism Focus Replaces Crime Solving." Washington Post, 12 Nov. 2001, A1.
"[T]he FBI is rushing to remake itself as the nation's primary line of defense against terrorism.... Since the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, Attorney General John D. Ashcroft and ... [the] FBI director, Robert S. Mueller III, have begun to refocus the bureau's efforts on detecting and thwarting future terrorist assaults, instead of pursuing culprits after crimes are committed."
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