Intelligence Requirements

Background. Editors. "The New Intelligence Requirements: Proceedings and Papers." 9, no. 3 (1965): 171-259. [Petersen]

Cherne, Leo. US Intelligence Requirements for the Late 1980s: An Address by Leo Cherne at the Defense Strategy Forum, Washington, D.C., February 18, 1986. Washington, DC: Nathan Hale Institute, 1986. [Petersen]

Dabelko, David D., and Geoffrey D. Dabelko. "The International Environment and the U.S. Intelligence Community." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 6, no. 1 (Spring 1993): 21-41.

The intelligence community can "enhance national security by first recognizing the connections between the environment and ... security, and second, by redefining its mission in terms of these environmental threats.... With this altered focus, the intelligence community will augment existing environmental data with a great deal of indispensable information that relates directly to environmental phenomena.... In this manner, cooperation between the intelligence community and the environmental community will enhance security for the United States and the world."

Godson, Roy. "Intelligence Requirements for the 1990s." Washington Quarterly 12, no. 1 (Winter 1989): 47-65.

Godson, Roy, ed. Intelligence Requirements for the 1980s. 7 vols. Washington, DC: National Strategy Information Center, 1979-1985.

1. Elements of Intelligence. 1979. Rev. ed., 1983.

2. Analysis and Estimates. 1980.

3. Counterintelligence. 1980.

4. Covert Action. 1981.

5. Clandestine Collection. 1985.

6. Domestic Intelligence. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1986.

7. Intelligence and Policy. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1986.

Clark comment: These volumes consist of the collected papers and comments from colloquia held by the Consortium for the Study of Intelligence, beginning in 1979. Though sorely dated for analytic purposes today, they are useful for exploring the state of mind of individuals broadly supportive of intelligence activities during a period where intelligence was beginning to climb out of the hole dug for it in the 1970s.

It is interesting to Constantinides that several of the contributors later served as advisers to the Reagan campaign and/or transition team members. He also thinks that the "discussion sections are typically too short and too general." Pforzheimer notes that "many of the papers ... are of uneven quality"; however, there are others that "deserve to be read with great care and interest by professionals and non-professionals alike."

Robertson, I&NS 2.4, comments that "the emphasis on maintaining a unified approach, and a focus upon public policy issues, has meant that ... no attempt has been made to challenge [the series'] own conceptions and assumptions at a fundamental level." Nonetheless, the "series does have considerable unity of purpose and concepts.... Further, this unity of purpose is not at the expense of a diversity of views."

Godson, Roy, ed. Intelligence Requirements for the 1990s: Collection, Analysis, Counterintelligence and Covert Action. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1989.

According to West, PSQ 106.3, much of the material on the Soviet Union and East Europe in this compendium was severely outdated even before the book came out. In addition, because the essays were written for a conference, there is a tendency for material to be repeated and for individual subjects to be watered down. Nonetheless, "the book is interesting, easy to read, and enjoys the general support of the academic intelligence community." The FA 68.5 (Sep.-Oct. 1988) reviewer notes that, while "dominated by the perspective" of executive branch intelligence practitioners, this book presents "a useful summary of the issues that confront American intelligence."

Godson, Roy, with Richard Kerr [Former Deputy Director of Central Intelligence] and Ernest May [Professor of History, Harvard University]. Covert Action in the 1990s. Working Group on Intelligence Reform. Washington, DC: Consortium for the Study of Intelligence, 1992.

Heffter, Clyde R. "A Fresh Look at Collection Requirements." Studies in Intelligence 4, no. 4 (Fall 1960): 43-61.

The author identifies the number one requirements problem as "the problem of how to formulate needs and priorities in such a way as to facilitate the satisfaction of needs in a degree roughly proportionate to their priorities, through the most effective use of the collection means available."

Hurwitz, Martin. "Perspectives for the 1990s." American Intelligence Journal 11, no. 3 (1990): 5-8.

The author was Director of the General Defense Intelligence Programs Staff.

Montague, Ludwell L. "Priority National Intelligence Objectives." Studies in Intelligence 5, no. 2 (Spring 1961): 1-8.

The author describes "the development of the PNIO concept" and reviews "what the PNIO's are and are not intended to be."

Sokolski, Henry. Fighting Proliferation: The Role of Intelligence. Working Group on Intelligence Reform. Washington, DC: Consortium for the Study of Intelligence, 1993.

Surveillant 3.4/5: "Deputy for Non-Proliferation Policy, Office of the Secretary of Defense, 1989-1993."

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