To 1989

A - I


Blackstock, Paul W. The CIA and the Intelligence Community: Their Roles, Organization, and Functions. St. Charles, MO: Forum Press, 1974. [Petersen]

Bledowska, Celina, and Jonathan Block. KGB-CIA: Intelligence and Counter-Intelligence Operations. New York: Exeter, 1987.

Badrich, NameBase, comments that "[t]his looks like yet another oversized coffee-table picture book.... In fact, the book's well-chosen pictures tell a story in themselves." But the authors "have also produced a literate, fast-moving narrative that succinctly lays out their well-informed, independent perspective on forty-odd years of spooking.... For a beginning reader on the world of 'intelligence,' this is a reliable overview."

Borosage, Robert L., and John Marks, eds. The CIA File. New York: Grossman, 1976.

According to Minnick, NameBase, this "anthology of eleven essays on CIA operations around the world was produced by the Center for National Security Studies during a two-day conference on 'The CIA and Covert Action' in September, 1974. The meeting included many of the biggest names in espionage studies: David Wise, Thomas Ross, Morton Halperin, Victor Marchetti, and John Marks." Former DCI William Colby "presented an essay at the meeting defending CIA activities, and participated in a question and answer session involving Senator James Abourezk."

Pforzheimer notes that the papers are "virtually all hostile to covert action ... and ... American intelligence.... [DCI] Colby ... spoke at the end of the conference.... [His] paper is also included."

Breckinridge, Scott D. The CIA and the U.S. Intelligence System. Boulder, CO.: Westview Press, 1986.

Strong, I&NS 2.1, is displeased with the lack of critical commentary with regard to the more controversial aspects of the CIA, but concludes, nonetheless, that the author "has largely succeeded in producing a simplified basic textbook suitable for use by the teacher in the classroom, as well as individuals without direct knowledge or experience in intelligence matters."

Cline, Ray S.

1. Secrets, Spies, and Scholars: Blueprint of the Essential CIA. Washington, DC: Acropolis Books, 1976.

Clark comment: Cline is a former CIA Deputy Director for Intelligence (DDI) and head of the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR). This original version of Cline's work has been revised and reissued twice under different titles. See below. Constantinides notes that Cline's background certainly gave him the "authority and first-hand experience" to write about his subject matter. There is, however, "a slip here and there along with an occasional debatable judgment."

2. The CIA Under Reagan, Bush, and Casey: The Evolution of the Agency from Roosevelt to Reagan. Washington, DC: Acropolis Books, 1981.

This is the first revision of Secrets, Spies, & Scholars.

3. The CIA: Reality vs. Myth. Washington, DC: Acropolis Books, 1982.

Pforzheimer says that this book is the same as the 1981 revision after page 22, although the title is changed. Cline writes "with authority, understanding, and clarity" about intelligence production and analysis. He "does not include President Reagan's Executive Orders on Intelligence."

Copeland, Miles. Without Cloak or Dagger: The Truth about the New Espionage. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1974. The Real Spy World. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1974. London: Sphere Books Ltd., 1978.

According to Petersen, Copeland's views on CIA operations are "held unreliable by some experts." Similarly, Constantinides suggests that readers would be "well advised not to consider the work a reliable reference about the 'new espionage' or many other matters it touches upon." Chambers sees the book as "entertaining, but not necessarily the best introduction" to intelligence activities.

Ameringer, U.S. Foreign Intelligence (1990), p. 9, takes a different view. He sees Without Cloak or Dagger as "one of the few works of nonfiction to concentrate upon the techniques of spying.... Though Copeland's book received unfavorable reviews for hyperbole and allegedly inaccurate details about specific operations, he himself is a former clandestine operator, knowledgeable in tradecraft, and he conveys the sense of espionage as an art, stressing the human factor."

Dulles, Allen W. "Central Intelligence Agency." Business Lawyer 16 (Nov. 1960): 48.

Ellis, Rafaela. The Central Intelligence Agency. New York: Chelsea House, 1988.

Petersen: "Elementary textbook."

Frazier, Howard, ed. Uncloaking the CIA. New York: Free Press, 1978.

NameBase: "A 'Conference on the CIA and World Peace' was held at Yale University on April 5, 1975, and the contributors to this volume made presentations at the conference, or prepared material for it."

Freemantle, Brian. CIA: The "Honourable" Company. London: Michael Joseph/Rainbird, 1983. New York: Stein & Day, 1984.

Scarcely one of the better books on the subject.

Houston, Lawrence R. "Executive Privilege in the Field of Intelligence." Studies in Intelligence 2, no. 4 (Fall 1958): 61-74.

"Former CIA General Counsel reviews legal precedents for protecting sensitive information from disclosure in the courts and Congress, with particular references to Central Intelligence privileges. Citations stretch back to Continental Congress proceedings."

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