Director, Central Intelligence Agency

Michael V. Hayden

Materials arranged chronologically.

Allen, Mike, and Timothy J. Burger. "The Next Head of the CIA?" Time, 5 May 2006. [http://www.time.com]

On 5 May 2006, President Bush accepted the resignation of CIA Director Porter J. Goss "Republican sources told TIME that the White House plans to name his replacement on [8 May 2006]: Air Force General Michael V. Hayden."

Shane, Scott, and Mark Mazzetti. "Top C.I.A. Pick Has Credentials and Skeptics." New York Times, 6 May 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Gen. Michael V. Hayden, who senior administration officials say is the President's "likely choice" to head the CIA, "has a stellar résumé for a spy and has long been admired at the White House and on Capitol Hill." But he "would also face serious questions about the controversy" over the NSA's "domestic surveillance program, which he oversaw and has vigorously defended."

Reuters. "Republican Sees Problems with Likely Bush CIA Pick." 7 May 2006. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Rep. Pete Hoekstra (R-MI), chair of the House Permanent Select Committe on Intelligence, told "Fox News Sunday" on 7 May 2006 that Gen. Michael Hayden "would be the 'wrong person at the wrong place at the wrong time.'" Hoekstra said that "We should not have a military person leading a civilian agency at this time."

Ricks, Thomas E., and Dafna Linzer. "Hayden Faces Senate and CIA Hurdles if Named; General Has Streak of Independence and Nonconformity." Washington Post, 7 May 2006, A6. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Despite his military background," Gen. Michael Hayden "is something of a nonconformist. There is a pattern in his career of independent thinking, probably one reason he was able to thrive in the current security environment."

CNN. "Bush Nominates Hayden as CIA Chief." 8 May 2006. [http://www.cnn.com]

On 8 May 2006, President Bush nominated Air Force Gen. Michael Hayden to head the CIA.

Shane, Scott. "Dodging Perils on Way to Top of Spy Game." New York Times, 8 May 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"Since joining the ranks of America's top spies seven years ago, Gen. Michael V. Hayden has weathered intelligence catastrophes and controversies that might easily have ended his career: the Sept. 11 attacks, erroneous reporting on Iraqi weapons and domestic surveillance without warrants -- all on his watch at the National Security Agency. Instead, General Hayden's brainy command of facts and just-folks style of delivering them have made him not just a survivor, but the man the Bush administration turns to for solutions to its most difficult problems at the intelligence agencies."

Baker, Peter, and Charles Babington. "General Formally Named to Lead CIA; Official Who Quit Under Goss Would Be Hayden's No. 2." Washington Post, 9 May 2006, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 8 May 2006, the White House moved "to defuse concern over the nomination of Gen. Michael V. Hayden for CIA director, promising to balance the leadership of the nation's premier civilian spy agency with a well-known and popular veteran of the organization in the No. 2 position.... Under the plan, Vice Adm. Albert M. Calland III would be replaced as deputy director by retired CIA official Stephen R. Kappes."

Kappes is a "low-key former Marine and 23-year CIA veteran who served in the Near East, South Asia and Europe." He "had risen to chief of the agency's clandestine service and was seen as a future director." Kappes "traveled secretly to Libya in 2004 to persuade its leader, Moammar Gaddafi, to renounce weapons of mass destruction. But Kappes clashed immediately with Patrick Murray, the former Capitol Hill aide whom Goss installed as his chief of staff at the CIA. After one month on the job, Murray demanded that Kappes fire his deputy, Michael Sulick, for challenging Murray's authority. Kappes refused and he and Sulick resigned, triggering an unprecedented flood of resignations."

Priest, Dana. "Experts See a Strategy Behind CIA Shuffle: General May Help Intelligence Chief Rein In Rumsfeld and His Military Spy Plans." Washington Post, 9 May 2006, A9. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Intelligence specialists say Gen. Michael Hayden's nomination to be CIA Director "may turn out to be a clever move by intelligence czar John D. Negroponte to help him assert authority over Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld and his burgeoning intelligence bureaucracy....

"The CIA establishment views the encroachment of the Pentagon into such sensitive areas as covert operations and human intelligence as a misguided effort that does not recognize the inherent difficulties in understanding, much less penetrating, terrorist networks.... Rumsfeld has moved hundreds of millions of dollars and thousands of troops into clandestine intelligence collection and analysis. With little public discussion and a wall of secrecy, the military is poised to launch its own intelligence-gathering and man-hunting operations independent of the CIA or other authorities....

"[T]he Pentagon is demanding that the CIA share its most sensitive databases, that small teams of undercover soldiers be allowed to secretly collect information in friendly countries, and that clandestine teams of military man-hunters be allowed to sneak into countries with which the United States is not at war to kill or capture terrorism suspects."

Gibbs, Nancy. "Thinker, Briefer, Soldier, Spy." Time, 22 May 2006, 37-38.

"Should a military man head the CIA? Pentagon critics say no, but Michael Hayden is nobody's puppet." See also, Kevin Whitelaw and David E. Kaplan, “Can This Man Save the CIA?” U.S. News & World Report, 22 May 2006, 22-24.

Shrader, Katherine. "New CIA Chief Gen. Michael Hayden Sworn In." Associated Press, 30 May 2006. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Gen. Michael Hayden was sworn in as CIA director on 30 May 2006.

Pincus, Walter. "New Chief Is Critical of Barriers Within CIA." Washington Post, 19 Sep. 2006, A6. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

DCIA Gen. Michael V. Hayden "told agency employees [on 18 September 2006] that their intelligence activities are too segmented, saying that operations officers ... need to work more closely with the analysts." One tactic in breaking down barriers "will be to limit much of the independence each directorate had in the past and centralize more authority with Hayden."

Pincus, Walter. "Hayden's Hands-On Style Changes Tone at CIA: Director Seeks to Improve Flow of Information, Restore Agency's Sense of Confidence and Mission." Washington Post, 28 Dec. 2006, A14. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

DCIA Gen. Michael V. Hayden "recently sat for an interview..., along with his top three deputies. While the officials declined to talk about the specifics..., they outlined the practices Hayden is using to make his mark on the agency." DNI John Negroponte handles the morning Oval Office briefing of President Bush. Hayden attends that briefing "about once a week" to represent the CIA and talk "about activities beyond the intelligence analysis inside the PDB." The DNI's "office controls what goes into the PDB and contributions come from all parts of the intelligence community," but CIA analysts still write "a major part" and handle "the editing and production of the report."

Novak, Robert D. "'Covert' Confusion at the CIA." Washington Post, 12 Apr. 2007, A27. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

The irascible and highly partisan columnist rips DCIA Hayden for not knowing the difference between an employee who is "covert" and one who is "undercover." Novak is, of course, concerned because "[t]he designation [of Valerie Plame as a covert employee] could strengthen erroneous claims that she came under the Intelligence Identities Protection Act.... Hayden has raised Republican suspicions that he is angling to become intelligence czar -- director of national intelligence -- under a Democratic president. While Hayden proclaims himself free of politics, his handling of the Plame case is puzzling."

Pincus, Walter. "Hayden Works to Absorb New Hires at CIA." Washington Post, 15 Apr. 2007, A9. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Appearing on C-SPAN's "Q&A" on 15 April 2007, CIA Director Michael V. Hayden said "his biggest challenge is absorbing all the newly hired analysts and the case officers who have been hired since the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.... Although the employment figure is classified, senior intelligence officials say the number is about 15,000."

Gertz, Bill. "Hayden Applauded for Military Service: CIA Leadership Seen as Crucial." Washington Times, 21 Jun. 2008. [http://www.washingtontimes.com]

On 20 June 2008, Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates "praised CIA Director Michael V. Hayden during his military retirement ceremony [at Bolling Air Force Base] for boosting joint [military and intelligence] efforts.... Hayden, a four-star Air Force general, will retire from the service on June 30 [2008] after 39 years but will continue as the civilian director of the CIA."

Schwartz, Noaki. "Hayden: Next president Should Let CIA Do Its Job." Associated Press, 16 Sep. 2008. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

CIA Director Michael Hayden told the Los Angeles World Affairs Council on 16 September 2008 that "[t]he best way for the next president to help the CIA would be to 'do nothing.' ... 'We're suffering reformation and transformation fatigue,'" he said.

Benson, Pam. "Former CIA Chiefs Call on President to Stop Interrogation Probe." CNN, 18 Sep. 2009. [http://www.cnn.com]

In a letter sent to President Barack Obama on 18 September 2009, former CIA directors John Deutch, Porter Goss, Michael Hayden, James Schlesinger, George Tenet, William Webster, and James Woolsey urged the president "to stop the criminal investigation of people involved in the CIA's harsh interrogations of suspected terrorists."

Mansfield, Mark. "Reflections on Service: A Conversation with Former CIA Director Michael Hayden." Studies in Intelligence 54, no. 2 (Jun.2010): 41-47.

General Hayden makes many good points in this question-answer session. I found the following comment particularly insightful: Because of the DNI's job as senior intelligence advisor to the president, "the smooth functioning of the [intelligence] community, by default, tends to fall to the DNI staff. That is not a formula for success. Staffs don't run other staffs; staffs support principals."

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