James J. Angleton

The Golitsyn-Nosenko Debate

A - E

The references included here overlap with materials relating both to Kim Philby and to KGB history and operations. For reviews and other comments on these items, see the appropriate subject files.

Yuri I. Nosenko died 23 August 2008 "under an assumed name in a Southern state, according to intelligence officials." Walter Pincus, "Yuri I. Nosenko, 81; KGB Agent Who Defected to the U.S.," Washington Post, 27 Aug. 2008, B5.

Bagley, Tennent H. (Pete). "Ghosts of the Spy Wars: A Personal Reminder to Interested Parties." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 28, no. 1 (Spring 2015): 1-37.

The author again lays out his case against KGB defector Yuri Nosenko.

Bagley, Tennent H. Spymaster: Startling Cold War Revelations of a Soviet KGB Chief. New York: Skyhorse Publishing, 2013.

Peake, Studies 58.1 (Mar. 2014), and Intelligencer 20.3 (Spring-Summer), finds that this work is both "a biography of retired KGB general Sergei Kondrashev and a memoir of former CIA officer and author Tennent 'Pete' Bagley." Although not everyone will agree that Bagley has gotten it right, "Spymaster actually provides some new material on Cold War espionage about which many books have been written. It has raised the bar, but not ended the debate."

As Fischer, IJI&C 27.4 (Winter 2014), notes, Bagley's last book (he died in February 2014) will continue to fuel the fire around the defection of Yuri Nosenko. In Spymaster, Bagley reveals that "the primary source for Spy Wars was Sergey A. Kondrashev" who "is the spymaster" of this book's title. "Kondrashev's version of Penkovsky's unmasking will ... perhaps cause some to reject it as unbelievable." Neverheless, "[e]nough detail can be found in Spymaster to warrant a second look at the CIA-KGB spy wars and perhaps revise some of the conventional interpretations of Cold War intelligence."

Bagley, Tennent H. Spy Wars: Moles, Mysteries, and Deadly Games. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007. [Click for reviews]

Brook-Shepard, Gordon. The Storm Birds: Soviet Post-War Defectors. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1989. Owl Books, 1990. [pb] DK268A1B76

According to Surveillant 1.3, Brook-Shepard presents "dramatic stories..., many based on previously unpublished materials and interviews." Petersen calls The Storm Birds a "useful summary of prominent cases," and notes that it includes a short annotated bibliography. Chambers sees the book as an "overview of several very important ... defectors" with "lots of useful insights."

For Cram, The Storm Birds "is not only an exciting read but is accurate in almost every respect." Brook-Shepard makes "judgments that are objective and fair." This is a "fascinating account of how and why so many senior Soviet intelligence officials defected and the impact they had on the West." Of the two most controversial cases, Golitsyn and Nosenko, "he has done a good job of sorting out the facts and arriving at fair judgments."

Clark, J. Ransom. "Spy Wars: Moles, Mysteries, and Deadly Games," Journal of Cold War Studies 11, no. 2 (Spring 2009): 137-139.

Review of Tennent H. Bagley, Spy Wars: Moles, Mysteries, and Deadly Games (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007). Click for text of this review.

Duncan, Susanna. "'Stone,' The Man Who Warned About the Moles." New York, 27 Feb. 1978, 28-38.

Ennis, Jerry D.

1. "Anatoli Golitsyn: Long-time CIA Agent?" Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 1 (Feb. 2006): 26-45.

The answer to the author's question is, "no." It appears that James Angleton's suggestion otherwise was typically Angleton muddying the waters.

2. "What Did Angleton Say About Golitsyn?" Intelligence and National Security 22, no. 6 (Dec. 2007): 905-909.

The author revisits the conclusions in his earlier article about what Angleton said about Golitsin and why he said it. He argues that Angleton's point was that Golitsin had decided to defect long before he did, and had been gathering information to pass along when he did defect.

Epstein, Edward Jay. James Jesus Angleton: Was He Right? Fast Track Press/EJE Publications, 2014.

Peake, Studies 58.3 (Sep. 2014), advises caution with regard to this book, both "because of its foregone conclusions" and the existence of "a number of factual errors."

Epstein, Edward Jay. Legend: The Secret World of Lee Harvey Oswald. New York: Reader's Digest/McGraw Hill, 1978.

According to Cram, Angleton was the "major source on Nosenko," and Epstein supports Angleton's theories. The book "has two parts: the first is about Nosenko and Angleton's belief that he was part of a KGB deception operation; the second is about Oswald's sojourn in the Soviet Union.... One of the [book's] chief critics, George Lardner of The Washington Post, wrote: 'What Epstein has written ... is a fascinating, important, and essentially dishonest book.... It is paranoid. It is naive.'" Pforzheimer says this book "leaves more questions unanswered than it answers with respect to the assassination of the President."

Epstein, Edward Jay.

1. "Nosenko: The Red Herring." New York 11 (27 Feb. 1978): 34-35. [Peterson]

2. "The Spy Wars." New York Times Magazine, 28 Sep. 1980, 34 ff. [http://www.edwardjayepstein.com/archived/spywars.htm]

"While public debate over the CIA ... has narrowly focused on the charge that the agency has abused its power by spying on domestic groups outside its legal purview, the secret concern in intelligence circles ... is that the CIA is not spying effectively on its principal adversary: the Soviet bloc." The author finds the reasons for CIA failures in recruiting Soviet spies in the theories of James Angleton and Tennant Bagley that the CIA had been "penetrated" by Soviet intelligence.

3. "The War Within CIA." Commentary 66 (Aug. 1978): 35-39. [http://www.edwardjayepstein.com/Colby.htm]

This piece is highly critical of former DCI William Colby's revealing of the CIA's "family jewels." The author suggests that Colby did so in order to generate an excuse to get rid of James Angleton.

4. "War of the Moles: An Interview." 3 parts. New York 11 (27 Feb.-13 Mar. 1978): 28-33, 55-59, 12-13. [Peterson]

5. "When the CIA Was Almost Wrecked." Parade Magazine [Washington Post], 14 Oct. 1984, 8-11.

Epstein, Edward Jay. "The Spy Who Came Back From The Dead." Life, Sep. 1986. [http://www.edwardjayepstein.com/archived/spy.htm]

The author finds parallels between the defection/redefection of Vitaliy Sergeyevich Yurchenko in 1985 and the defection of Yuri Nosenko in 1964.

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