January - July

Materials presented chronologically.

Miller, Greg. "Lawmakers Seek to Stymie Plan to Shift Control of Drone Campaign from CIA to Pentagon." Washington Post, 15 Jan. 2014. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to U.S. officials, a measure included in the classified annex to the federal budget plan, which details funding for U.S. spy agencies, "would restrict the use of any funding to transfer unmanned aircraft or the authority to carry out drone strikes from the CIA to the Pentagon.... The provision represents an unusually direct intervention by lawmakers into the way covert operations are run, impeding an administration plan aimed at returning the CIA's focus to traditional intelligence gathering and possibly bringing more transparency to drone strikes."

Hirsh, Michael. "Washington's Drone Wars." National Journal Magazine, 22 Feb. 2014. [http://www.nationaljournal.com]

"It's been more than a year since incoming CIA Director John Brennan signaled his intention to shift drone warfare to the Pentagon.... And President Obama endorsed his plan..., according to administration officials. But a funny thing happened.... According to intelligence experts and some powerful friends of the CIA on Capitol Hill,... the agency may simply be much better than the military at killing people in a targeted, precise way -- and, above all, at ensuring that the bad guys they're getting are really bad guys.... [T]he Pentagon's most recent botched hit in Yemen,... pointed up problems with the military-run program that have long worried detractors."

Mazzetti, Mark. "Computer Searches at Center of Dispute on C.I.A. Detentions." New York Times, 6 Mar. 2014, A20. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"Senior lawmakers contend that C.I.A. officers conducted unauthorized searches of the computers used by committee staff members in an effort to learn how the committee gained access to the agency's own 2009 internal review of the interrogation program.... But other officials, not speaking publicly, have implied that it was the committee that acted improperly by penetrating parts of the C.I.A.'s computer network it was not authorized to access, and rejected the accusations."

Miller, Greg. "Senate Confirms Caroline Krass as CIA General Counsel." Washington Post, 13 Mar. 2014. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 13 March 2014, the Senate "voted to confirm Caroline Krass as CIA general counsel.... Krass, a former senior Justice Department official, replaces acting General Counsel Robert Eatinger."

Dilanian, Ken. "CIA Suspends Chief of Iran Operations over Workplace Issues." Los Angeles Times, 16 Mar. 2014. [http://www.latimes.com]

According to current and former officials, Jonathan Bank, the CIA's chief of Iran operations, "was placed on paid administrative leave and sent home from agency headquarters after an internal investigation found he had created an abusive and hostile work environment that put a crucial division in disarray."

Rodriguez, Jose A., Jr. "I Ran the CIA Interrogation Program. No Matter What the Senate Report Says, I Know It Worked." Washington Post, 4 Apr. 2014. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 3 April 20014, "the Senate Intelligence Committee voted to declassify and release hundreds of pages of its report on U.S. terrorist interrogation practices. Certain senators have proclaimed how devastating the findings are, saying the CIA's program was unproductive, badly managed and misleadingly sold. Unlike the committee's staff, I don't have to examine the program through a rearview mirror. I was responsible for administering it, and I know that it produced critical intelligence that helped decimate al-Qaeda and save American lives."

Mazzetti, Mark. "Delays in Effort to Refocus C.I.A. From Drone War." New York Times, 6 Apr. 2014, A1. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"A number of factors -- including bureaucratic turf fights, congressional pressure and the demands of foreign governments -- have contributed" to the delay in moving drone operations from the CIA to the Pentagon. CIA Director John O. Brennan "is in charge of a counterterrorism apparatus that has steadily grown in budget, manpower and influence for more than a decade.... [T]he agency's Counterterrorism Center ... remains a powerful force both inside the agency and on Capitol Hill.... Influential lawmakers from both parties have fought to protect the C.I.A.'s role in the drone wars and prevent the proposed shift of the bulk of drone operations to the Pentagon."

Jamjoom, Mohammed. "Source: 'Massive and Unprecedented' Attack Targets al Qaeda in Yemen." CNN, 21 Apr. 2014. [http://www.cnn.com]

According to a high-level Yemeni government official, a "massive and unprecedented" operation targeting al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) is under way in Yemen. "The ongoing operation included a [20 April 2014] night ambush in which Yemeni special forces killed militants believed to be high-value targets" in AQAP. "Also [on 20 April], suspected U.S. drone strikes targeted al Qaeda fighters in Yemen for the second time in two days, killing at least a dozen [including "foreign nationals"], the government official said.... The high-level Yemeni government official said [the 20 April] raid was a joint U.S.-Yemeni operation."

Associated Press, 21 Apr. 2014, adds the 20 and 21 April attacks "Yemeni forces, reportedly backed by U.S. drone strikes," were on "a major base of the terror group hidden in the remote southern mountains.... The sprawling base was a rare instance of a permanent infrastructure set up by [AQAP] in the country.... Built over the past months, it includes a training ground, storehouses for weapons and food and vehicles used by the group to launch attacks," Yemeni security officials said.

Mohammed Jamjoom and Barbara Starr, "Official: Extensive U.S. Involvement in Anti-terror Operation in Yemen," CNN, 22 Apr. 2014, quote a U.S. official as stating that "[t]he United States offered extensive assistance beyond drone strikes during a massive anti-terror operation in Yemen, including flying Yemeni commandos to a site where they killed scores of suspected al Qaeda members.... The U.S. official would not specify whether the American personnel involved were among the U.S. military's special forces, worked for the CIA or were contractors."

Associated Press. "CIA: Vaccination Programs Won't Be Used as Cover." Washington Post, 20 May 2014. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Lisa Monaco, President Barack Obama's top counterterrorism adviser, wrote to the deans of 13 prominent public health schools last week, saying the CIA has agreed it would no longer use vaccination programs or workers for intelligence purposes. The agency also agreed to not use genetic materials obtained through such programs."

Associated Press. "CIA Winds Down Drone Strike Program in Pakistan." Washington Post, 29 May 2014. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Because of stricter rules, diplomatic sensitivities and the changing nature of the al-Qaida threat, there hasn't been a U.S. drone strike in Pakistan's tribal areas since Christmas. And American officials say opportunities for drone attacks will dwindle further as the CIA and the military draw down in neighboring Afghanistan, reducing their intelligence-gathering footprint.... Armed U.S. drones are still flying over Pakistan's tribal areas, and CIA targeting officers are still nominating militants to the kill list, according to U.S. officials who spoke on condition of anonymity."

Khan, Ismail, and Declan Walsh. "Missile Strike by C.I.A. Drone Kills at Least 4, Pakistan Reports." New York Times, 12 Jun. 2014. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"Ending a five-month hiatus," the CIA "resumed its drone campaign in Pakistan on [11 June 2014] with a missile strike that killed at least four people at a compound in the tribal district of North Waziristan, Pakistani officials said."

Declan Walsh and Ismail Khan, "U.S. Drone Hits Pakistan for 2nd Time in 12 Hours," New York Times, 13 Jun. 2014, A6, reports a second U.S. drone strike on a militant compound in Pakistan's tribal area on 12 June 2014. The strike reportedly killed "at least 10 suspected members of the Haqqani network." See also, Haq Nawaz Khan, "Pakistani Officials Report the First U.S. Drone Strikes in Six Months," Washington Post, 12 Jun. 2014.

Associated Press. "Officials Say Iraq Pullout Hurt US Spying." 26 Jun. 2014. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Current and former officials say that in Iraq "CIA officers have been largely hunkered down in their heavily fortified Baghdad compound since U.S. troops left the country in 2011,... allowing a once-rich network of intelligence sources to wither."

Paterson, Tony. "Germany to Spy on US for First Time since 1945 after 'Double Agent' Scandal." The Independent (London), 7 Jul. 2014. [http://www.independent.co.uk/]

German Interior Minister Thomas de Maizière says "Chancellor Angela Merkel's government is planning to scrap a no-spy agreement Germany has held with Britain and the United States since 1945 in response to an embarrassing US-German intelligence service scandal." The diplomatic and information-gathering activities of the United States, Britain, and France previously were exempted from Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND) surveillance.

Miller, Greg, and Stephanie Kirchner. "Germany Orders CIA Station Chief to Leave Over Spying Allegations." Washington Post, 10 Jul. 2014. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 10 July 2014, a German government spokesman confirmed the expulsion of the CIA station chief. "The move amounts to a high-profile expression of German anger over alleged CIA operations uncovered by German investigators in recent weeks, as well as continued public outrage over the exposure last year of widespread U.S. surveillance programs whose targets included Chancellor Angela Merkel."

Khan, Ismail. "U.S. Drone Kills Militants in Pakistan." New York Times, 20 Jul. 2014, A11. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"Fifteen militants were killed early [19 July 2014] when an American drone struck a compound in the Pakistani tribal region of North Waziristan, according to local residents and a security official. It was the fourth known drone strike in the region since Pakistan launched a military operation there last month."

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