June - December

Materials presented chronologically.

DeYoung, Karen, and Greg Miller. "CIA's Deputy Director to Be Replaced with White House Lawyer." Washington Post, 12 Jun. 2013. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

CIA Director John O. Brennan announced on 12 June 2013 that CIA Deputy Director Michael Morell will retire and be replaced by Avril D. Haines, who "has served for three years as President Obama's deputy counsel in charge of national security issues and as legal adviser to the National Security Council." Haines will be the first woman to the CIA's No. 2 job. "The job of deputy CIA director is a presidential appointment that does not require Senate confirmation." See also, Daniel Klaidman, "The Least Likely Spy," The Daily Beast, 26 Jun. 2013.

Miller, Greg, and Joby Warrick. "CIA Preparing to Deliver Rebels Arms through Turkey and Jordan." Washington Post, 14 Jun. 2013. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The CIA is preparing to deliver arms to rebel groups in Syria through clandestine bases in Turkey and Jordan that were expanded over the past year in an effort to establish reliable supply routes into the country for nonlethal material, U.S. officials said.... U.S. officials involved in the planning of the new policy of increased military support ... said that the CIA has developed a clearer understanding of the composition of rebel forces.... Within the past year, the CIA also created a new office at its headquarters in Langley to oversee its expanding operational role in Syria."

Miller, Greg, and Julie Tate. "CIA Report Refutes Senate Panel's Criticism of Agency's Harsh Interrogation Methods." Washington Post, 26 Jun. 2013. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 28 June 2013, CIA Director John Brennan is expected to deliver to the Senate Intelligence Committee "a report that challenges the findings of a Senate investigation of the agency's interrogation program, according to U.S. officials who said the response cites errors in the congressional probe and disputes its central conclusion that harsh methods used against al-Qaeda detainees failed to produce significant results."

Miller, Greg. "CIA Closing Bases in Afghanistan as It Shifts Focus Amid Military Drawdown." Washington Post, 23 Jul. 2013. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The CIA has begun closing clandestine bases in Afghanistan, marking the start of a drawdown.... The closures were described by U.S officials as preliminary steps in a plan to reduce the number of CIA installations in Afghanistan from a dozen to as few as six over the next two years -- a consolidation to coincide with the withdrawal of most U.S. military forces from the country by the end of 2014..... U.S. officials stressed that the CIA is expected to maintain a significant footprint even after the pullback, with a station in Kabul that will remain among the agency's largest..., as well as a fleet of armed drones that will continue to patrol Pakistan's tribal belt....

"[A] full withdrawal of U.S. troops would probably trigger a deeper retrenchment by the CIA, which has relied on U.S. and allied military installations across the country to serve as bases for agency operatives and cover for their spying operations. The CIA's armed drones are flown from a heavily fortified airstrip near the Pakistan border in Jalalabad.... Current and former U.S. officials familiar with the agency's plans said they call for pulling most agency personnel back to the CIA's main station in Kabul, plus a group of large regional bases ... in Bagram, Kandahar, Mazar-e Sharif, Jalalabad and Herat."

Miller, Greg. "CIA Ramping Up Covert Training Program for Moderate Syrian Rebels." Washington Post, 2 Oct. 2013. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to U.S. officials, the CIA "has sent additional paramilitary teams to secret bases in Jordan in recent weeks in a push to double the number of rebel fighters getting CIA instruction and weapons before being sent back to Syria. The agency has trained fewer than 1,000 rebel fighters this year, current and former U.S. officials said.... The descriptions of the CIA training program provide the most detailed account to date of the limited dimensions and daunting objectives of a CIA operation that President Obama secretly authorized in a covert action finding he signed this year."

Miller, Greg, Julie Tate, and Barton Gellman. "Documents Reveal NSA's Extensive Involvement in Targeted Killing Program." Washington Post, 16 Oct. 2013. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"[D]ocuments provided to The Washington Post by ... Edward Snowden confirm" that Hassan Ghul "was killed by a drone strike in Pakistan's tribal belt" in October 2012. They also reveal "the intricate collaboration between the CIA and the NSA in the drone campaign.... In the search for targets, the NSA has draped a surveillance blanket over dozens of square miles of northwest Pakistan. In Ghul's case, the agency deployed an arsenal of cyber-espionage tools, secretly seizing control of laptops, siphoning audio files and other messages, and tracking radio transmissions to determine where Ghul might 'bed down.'...

"NSA created a secret unit known as the Counter-Terrorism Mission Aligned Cell, or CT MAC, to concentrate the agency's vast resources on hard-to-find terrorism targets. The unit spent a year tracking Ghul and his courier network, tunneling into an array of systems and devices, before he was killed.... [F]ormer CIA officials said the files are an accurate reflection of the NSA's contribution to finding targets.... The officials said the agency has assigned senior analysts to the CIA's Counterterrorism Center, and deployed others to work alongside CIA counterparts at almost every major U.S. embassy or military base overseas....

"NSA employees rarely ventured beyond ... the U.S. Embassy in Islamabad, officials said. Surveillance operations that required placing a device or sensor near an al-Qaeda compound were handled by the CIA's Information Operations Center, which specializes in high-tech devices and 'close-in' surveillance work." Many of NSA's online attacks "rely on software implants developed by [its] Tailored Access Operations division with code-names such as UNITEDRAKE and VALIDATOR." Or it may "position[] itself unnoticed midstream between computers communicating with one another, diverting files for real-time alerts and longer-term analysis in data repositories."

Miller, Greg. "CIA Remains Behind Most Drone Strikes, Despite Effort to Shift Campaign to Defense." Washington Post, 25 Nov. 2013. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Six months after President Obama signaled his desire to shift the [drone war] campaign to the Defense Department, the CIA's drone operations center in Langley, Va., is still behind the vast majority of strikes."

Dilanian, Ken. "CIA's Anti-Terrorism Effort Called 'Colossal Flop.'" Los Angeles Times, 8 Dec. 2013. [http://www.latimes.com]

According to current and former U.S. officials, "CIA officers given 'non-official cover,' often posing as business executives, tried to collect intelligence on terrorists. The NOC program reportedly has had few successes.... Along with other parts of the CIA, the budget of the so-called Global Deployment Initiative, which covers the NOC program, is now being cut."

Goldman, Adam. "Ex-FBI Agent Who Disappeared in Iran Was on Rogue Mission for CIA." Washington Post, 12 Dec. 2013. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Robert Levinson, a retired FBI agent, who disappeared in Iran in 2007 "had been working for the CIA in what U.S. intelligence officials describe as a rogue operation that led to a major shake-up in the spy agency.... [M]onths after Levinson's abduction, e-mails and other documents surfaced that suggested he had gone to Iran at the direction of certain CIA analysts who had no authority to run operations overseas." Officials speaking on the condition of anonymity said "[t]he CIA leadership disciplined 10 employees, including three veteran analysts who were forced out of their jobs."

Priest, Dana. "Covert Action in Colombia: U.S. Intelligence, GPS Bomb Kits Help Latin American Nation Cripple Rebel Forces." Washington Post, 21 Dec. 2013. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"[A]ccording to interviews with more than 30 former and current U.S. and Colombian officials," a CIA covert action program "has helped Colombian forces kill at least two dozen rebel leaders." The covert program provides the Colombian forces with real-time intelligence, including "substantial eavesdropping help" from NSA, and, beginning in 2006, "a $30,000 GPS guidance kit that transforms a less-than-accurate 500-pound gravity bomb into a highly accurate smart bomb."

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