October - December

Materials presented in chronological order.

Naylor, Sean D. "The Secret War." Series in Army Times [http://www.armytimes.com]

1. "How U.S. Hunted AQ in Africa: Clandestine SEAL Mission Planted Cameras, but Little Came Out of the Images." 30 Oct. 2011.

2. "Lack of Human Intel Hampered AQ Hunt in Africa." 8 Nov. 2011.

3. "Clandestine Somalia Missions Yield AQ Targets." 14 Nov. 2011.

4. "Years of Detective Work Led to al-Qaida Target: Often-Frustrating Search for Harun Fazul Combined High-tech Gear, Low Tech Human Intelligence and Courage." 21 Nov. 2011.

5. "Tense Ties Plagued Africa Ops." 28 Nov. 2011.

6. "Africa Ops May Be Just Starting." 5 Dec. 2011.

Dilanian, Ken. "U.S. Put New Restrictions on CIA Drone Strikes in Pakistan." Los Angeles Times, 7 Nov. 2011. [http://www.latimes.com]

"The White House over the summer put new restrictions on CIA drone strikes in the wake of concerns that the program was primarily targeting lower-level militants while provoking anger in Pakistan, U.S. officials said.... Under the new rules,... the State Department, which has been concerned about the anger the strikes have aroused in Pakistan, has more input on each attack. And the U.S. has promised to inform Pakistan if a strike will target a particularly large group of militants."

Goldman, Adam, and Matt Apuzzo. "Hezbollah Unmasks US Spies; CIA Hurt in Lebanon, Scrambles to Protect 'Assets.'" Associated Press, 21 Nov. 2011. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The CIA's operations in Lebanon have been badly damaged after Hezbollah identified and captured a number of U.S. spies recently, current and former U.S. officials told The Associated Press.... CIA officials have secretly been scrambling to protect their remaining spies ... before Hezbollah can find them.... Backed by Iran, Hezbollah has built a professional counterintelligence apparatus that [Hezbollah's longtime leader, Sheik Hassan] Nasrallah ... proudly describes as the 'spy combat unit.' U.S. intelligence officials believe the unit, which is considered formidable and ruthless, went operational in about 2004." See also, Greg Miller, "Hezbollah Damages CIA Spy Network in Lebanon," Washington Post, 21 Nov. 2011.

Miller, Greg. "Hezbollah Damages CIA Spy Network in Lebanon." Washington Post, 21 Nov. 2011. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

U.S. officials said on 21 November 2011 that "[a] group of CIA informants in Lebanon were captured earlier this year by Hezbollah.... [T]he identities of as many as a half-dozen informants appear to have been betrayed by cellphone records and calling patterns, underscoring the sophistication of Hezbollah's counterintelligence efforts as well as the hazards of espionage in an age when even CIA assets can be tripped up by a data trail." See also, Adam Goldman and Matt Apuzzo, "Hezbollah Unmasks US Spies; CIA Hurt in Lebanon, Scrambles to Protect 'Assets,'" Associated Press, 21 Nov. 2011.

Shane, Scott, and David E. Sanger. "Drone Crash in Iran Reveals Secret U.S. Surveillance Effort." New York Times 7 Dec. 2011. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"The stealth C.I.A. drone [an "RQ-170 Sentinel, built by Lockheed Martin"] that crashed deep inside Iranian territory [Iranian officials said the crash "occurred more than 140 miles from the border with Afghanistan"] last week was part of a stepped-up surveillance program that has frequently sent the United States' most hard-to-detect drone into the country to map suspected nuclear sites, according to foreign officials and American experts who have been briefed on the effort." See also, Greg Miller, "Drone Belonged to CIA, Officials Say," Washington Post, 5 Dec. 2011.

Miller, Greg. "Under Obama, an Emerging Global Apparatus for Drone Killing." Washington Post, 28 Dec. 2011. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

The Obama "administration has built an extensive apparatus for using drones to carry out targeted killings of suspected terrorists and stealth surveillance of other adversaries. The apparatus involves dozens of secret facilities, including two operational hubs on the East Coast, virtual Air Force cockpits in the Southwest and clandestine bases in at least six countries on two continents....

"The rapid expansion of the drone program has blurred long-standing boundaries between the CIA and the military. Lethal operations are increasingly assembled a la carte, piecing together personnel and equipment in ways that allow the White House to toggle between separate legal authorities that govern the use of lethal force.... The convergence of military and intelligence resources has created blind spots in congressional oversight. Intelligence committees are briefed on CIA operations, and JSOC reports to armed services panels. As a result, no committee has a complete, unobstructed view."

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